The cargo inspection market has been witnessing a tremendous increase in the last few years due to rising international trade. Strict regulations regarding cargo movement and import in countries across the globe are fuelling careful examination and monitoring of fleet from source to destination. Globalization has surged the global trade, causing merchandise exports worth trillions of dollars. Rising incidences of discrepancies have increased the demand for quality assured commodity and standard goods. The cargo inspection market is gaining traction for customs checks, import and export licensing, and product safety certification and standards. The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement ensures certain factors to implement for secure trade relationships between countries.
The novel coronavirus has created havoc in the import-export activities, compelling organizations, agencies, and ports to issue protective measures. Although in some countries loading, discharging, and other formalities are being carried out as usual, however, most of the countries are witnessing restrictions in movement, and few ship agents are permitted to check and approve documentation. The Sanitary Authorities and the Coast Guards are assigned to check if the vessel and the crew came from a coronavirus-affected country.
Medical authorities are examining crew to check if they suffer from the disease. They are required to wear masks and gloves at all times to avoid any contact. In South America, the government has permitted certain ships and ports to operate, provided they submit specific pre-arrival information. Cargo and crew from the U.S., U.K., China, South Korea, Japan, Chile, and Brazil are subject to health inspection by coats guards. In the case of a suspected case, the ships are quarantined at the disposal of health authorities.
Rising need to ensure quality, authenticity and regulatory standards of products drives the cargo inspection market growth. Several checks are performed at entrances and exits of cargo to avoid the deceleration of shipment. Technological advancements and digitalization have massively assisted authorities to monitor fleet movement without being present at the site. Apart from this, quality checks and multilayer assessment to reduce counterfeit and forgery drives the market growth.
Integrated supply chain management infrastructure is complex and expensive in terms of installation. Similarly, compliance with multiple regulatory laws can be costly. High risk related to testing, standardization, and inspection services and concerns of cyber attacks and data theft in automated solutions restricts the market growth.
Free trade Agreement is expected to offer a wide range of opportunities for foreign investments. Elimination of barrier taxes and regulatory laws will boost economic growth by attracting foreign direct investments (FDIs). Similarly, government funding for the development of local expertise to help domestic companies drives market growth. Free trade agreements also increase the supplier’s access to the latest technologies, further driving the market growth.
By industry, the cargo inspection market is segmented into oil, gas, & petrochemicals, metals & mining, and agriculture. Companies across the world are offering stringent inspection protocols and services to assess the quality of the cargo. To ensure maximum transparency, companies are heavily investing in hygiene inspection of the cargo, which includes loading & discharge supervision, tank calibration, and damage survey. The inspection process differs from industry to industry, however, they are carried out as per the international standards such as SDA, Codex, ICMSF, and ISO 2859.
Agricultural cargo inspection services are carried out as per the Grain and Feed Trade Association (GAFTA) and Federation of Oils, Seeds, and Fats Associations (FOSFA). Microbiological analysis is mandatory to ensure pressure tests, grain damage, and packaging. Metals and minerals are precisely checked before and after transportation, as they are highly subjected to counterfeit and smuggle. Companies exporting oil and petrochemicals are also adopting strict inspection and cargo monitoring steps to ensure misconduct in fuel quality.
In North America, a sophisticated set of regulations and standards are followed by the domestic exporters and importers in various industries. In the view of the global outbreak of the COVID-19, the U.S. air freight is required to present a document as a proof of not having contacted the coronavirus. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection have detained all foreign crew members arriving from others of the European states.
The U.K., Sweden, Finland, and Germany are at the forefront of the cargo inspection market. In the U.K., the government organizations such as the Federation of Oils, Seeds, and Fats Associations (FOSFA) and the Grain and Feed Trade Association have enforced quality inspection of cargo services across the agriculture industry. Increasing awareness about the quality of products in metals, chemicals, pharmaceutical, and oil and gas sector provides impetus to the market growth.
The presence of strict government regulations and economic factors drive Asia-Pacific’s cargo inspection market. China is the largest exporter of commodities, while India is emerging as the global exporter of agro-based products. The Philipines, Indonesia, and Vietnam heavily rely on exports from China. Thus, rising trade activities are driving the demand for security and safety among consumers across the globe.
In Guatemala and Costa Rica, all household goods are subject to customs taxes and duties. Customs determines the value of the shipment. If no value appears on the document then the import of consumer electronics necessitates invoice, instruction booklets, and original bill of lading. In Peru, the import motor vehicles must not exceed 49,600 miles and must obtain an inspection certificate issued by the U.S. prior to exportation.
In the Middle East and Africa, Vallis Limited offers a range of Marine and Cargo Inspection Services. The company is backed by a dedicated and skilled port-services team, which provides the required information to manage client interests. The company also delivers a live reporting system that allows real-time resolution of problems and promotes operational efficiencies to minimize loss. In addition to this, Vallis also provides third-party supervision of vessel discharges, including pre-discharge inspections, and marine surveying during the discharge.