The global industrial fasteners market was valued at USD 7804 million in 2021 and is expected to grow to USD 12420 million in 2030. The market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5% during the forecast period (2022–2030). Fasteners are used to bond or fasten two or more products or parts of a product or equipment to form a singular product that can function efficiently when fastened with other parts. The fasteners can fasten or bond a varied range of products like plastic, wood, and metal in a very effective manner. Industrial fasteners are considered one of the most vital parts in all the major industries, like automotive, electronics, aerospace, heavy equipment, marine, and industrial machinery.
Fasteners being the key parts to make a complete and functional end-product has a substantial market share and are one of the few industrial segments that can never go obsolete. Though there has been an evolution in the fastening industry by the introduction of chemical bonding techniques, still the need for fasteners has never gone down with its resilience and the limitations of chemical bonding.
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Fasteners are the key components of any automotive product. The automotive is a structure built by fastening and linkages of various parts together, which helps the automotive function properly. Fasteners are the key aspects of any vehicle, be it a passenger or a commercial vehicle. Nearly every part of an automotive is fastened to allow a certain degree of freedom for the moving parts of the vehicle. Automotive is the largest market for industrial fasteners as the said industry is one of the top consumer-based industries. The common fasteners used in the automotive industry are nut bolts, screws, rivets, studs, bits, and anchor and panel fasteners.
With the increase in automotive production, the need for such industrial fasteners has increased, which is why the industrial fastener market has a substantial share in the global market. The major sale of the industrial fasteners is seen in the Asia-Pacific region with the increase in the automotive manufacturing plants in the emerging economies like India, China, and Japan. That is why there is a subsequent demand for industrial fasteners from these regions, contributing to the overall growth of the industrial fasteners market.
The global aerospace and defense industry is growing at 4.8% and is expected to grow with the same intensity. The recovery of the global GDP, state commodity prices, and the increase in passenger travel demand has led to the overall growth of the aerospace industry. This has forced the industry to innovate and evolve the traveling experience and match their consumers' demands.
There is continuous evolution in the aerospace industry, and a massive production wave has hit the global aviation industry, leading to the increase in demand for the industrial fasteners used in large numbers when manufacturing an aircraft is done. The said increase in the production of aircraft made the global industrial fasteners market reach the top of the revenue generation table, and that is why the aerospace industry is the key driving factor for the growth of the fasteners industry.
Increasing metal prices and the replacement options like plastic fasteners, automotive tapes, and adhesives are the key barriers to the growth of the industrial fastener market. With the rising demand for lightweight components for vehicle manufacturing, some of the key manufacturers are shifting to either plastic fasteners or adhesives that satisfy the need of the hour for the manufacturers. Along with this, the introduction of the laser welding technique in automobiles has led to an increased welding market share.
The rise in the consumption of welds and rivets in aircraft is anticipated to drive the welding market forward and create a big barrier to the growth of the industrial fasteners market. The fasteners are still used in major proportions in various industries. Still, going with the trend of lightweight products, there are certain chances of developing new fastening techniques, including welds, adhesive joints, linkages, etc. Apart from this, advanced acrylic adhesive technologies can bring forth new challenges for the global market of industrial fasteners.
The current era is of innovation and technology that demands higher efficiency at minimal resources, a major factor in the evolution of lightweight automotive products. The most use of industrial fasteners is in the automotive industry, which has a lot of fastening needs while manufacturing a product. The substitution of metal fasteners for plastic ones is the cost associated with it and the increased demand for lightweight components. Plastics are low-cost substitutes for metals, and they can be molded into any shape with the injection molding technique.
Fasteners required in the automotive industry vary in size, design, and measurements based on the application. This is why plastic fasteners are in demand as they can be extruded in whatever shape and size are needed in a quick time, unlike the metal fasteners, which require heavy machinery for the purpose. This is why the substitution of metal fasteners for plastic fasteners is taking place and creating a wide window of opportunities through which global manufacturers can taste success.
The most adverse effect Covid-19 pandemic was the operational shutdown of each industrial segment around the world. This led to the disruption of the entire supply chain network that used to be the key factor for running businesses all around the world. The disturbed supply chain led to a lack of availability of raw materials, small and major components required to manufacture a product, etc. This created a vacuum in the industrial space that led the overall growth rate to plunge backward and hampered the overall growth of industries.
The same is with the industrial fasteners market; as the production and distribution were completely stopped, the entire market sustained huge losses pertaining to revenue generation and fully-stocked inventories, which incurred high costs. These high costs impacted the global market, as companies were not ready to spend the higher amount, and hence they decided to find a new solution for their fastening needs, which eventually reached the find of adhesives.
The global industrial fasteners market share is segmented by product and by application.
Based on products, the global industrial fasteners market is categorized as externally and internally threaded. The externally threaded fasteners segment has the maximum market share with a revenue of USD 42882 million in 2021 and is expected to reach USD 63726 million in 2030 at a CAGR of 5%. Metal bolts are generally manufactured using cast iron, carbon steel, and carbon alloy steels in the externally threaded fastener category. Bolts have a dominant share in the market owing to their availability and a wide scope of application. These bolts and screws have a high demand in the manufacturing industry amid a secured fastening of heavy and light machine parts. The rise in demand for such bolts in various applications like – furniture and automobiles is driving the growth of the externally threaded fasteners segment during the forecast period of 2022 to 2030.
The internally threaded fasteners segment is showing significant growth in the market share with expected revenue of USD 19611 million in 2030 at a CAGR of 4% from the early figures of USD 13542 million in 2021. Cap Nuts, castle nuts, coupling nuts, square nuts, T-nuts, and wing nuts fall under the category of internally threaded nuts, contributing to the overall sales of the said market segment. The internally threaded fasteners are widely used in varied industrial applications for tightening equipment like blowers, centrifugal fans, motors, automotive components, etc. This is why the said segment is also having a significant market share owing to the global market of industrial fasteners.
Based on application, the global industrial fasteners market is categorized into automotive, aerospace, construction, and industrial machinery. The automotive segment is the dominant one, with a market share of USD 28904 million in 2021 and expected to grow to USD 40083 million in 2030 at a CAGR of 3%. Industrial fasteners find a wide range of applications in the automotive industry for the production of vehicles and accessories, and it is a clear understanding that every component of an automotive needs to be fastened properly to function at its best. This is why the automotive sector has a major demand for industrial fasteners.
Industrial machinery is the second most dominating segment after the automotive industry, which contribute to the sales figure of USD 11801 million in 2021 and grows at an exceptional CAGR of 5% with an estimated figure of USD 18151 million in 2030. Industries have a wide range of applications for fasteners which is self-explanatory to its name. Aerospace and construction industry segments also contribute to a significant market share of industrial fasteners. The aerospace industry accounts for a market value of USD 9698 million in 2021 and is expected to grow to USD 15972 million at a CAGR of 6%. The construction industry, with a figure of USD 9358 million in 2021, also has an estimated growth to reach the figures of USD 14642 million by 2030 at a CAGR of 5%.
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The global industrial fasteners market share is regionally segmented into four regions, namely, North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle-East & Africa. The Asia-Pacific region is the most dominant, with an estimated revenue of USD 63388 million in 2030 at a CAGR of 6%. The Asia-Pacific region is the emerging automotive hub, has a vast demand for industrial fasteners, and is a major positive for the fasteners manufacturing companies. The economic growth in the Asia-Pacific region has seen plays a vital role in the overall development of the market industrial fasteners in the region, which is why the Asia-Pacific region is dominating the global industrial fasteners market. North America is the second dominant region after Asia-Pacific, had an impressive revenue generation in 2021 with figures of USD 21543 million and growing rapidly to USD 29361 million by 2030 at a CAGR of 4%. With the presence of major players in the industry, North America, including automotive, aerospace, electronics, etc., drives the market of industrial fasteners. The economy of the region is characterized by the high-diversity owing to the presence of major developed and developing countries.
Europe is the global hub of the automotive industry and has the third dominant share in the global market of industrial fasteners with a revenue of USD 21094 million in 2021 and is expected to grow to USD 27764 million in 2030 at a CAGR of 3%. Middle-East & Africa are the third dominant regions with a market share of USD 1933 million in 2021 and reach USD 2823 million by 2030 at a CAGR of 4%.