Nonwoven fabric is a material made from staple fibers and long fibers, bound together by chemicals, mechanics, heat, or solvent treatment. The growing application base in the healthcare and personal care field, together with increased demand from the automotive industry, is anticipated to push the analyzed market.
The global nonwoven fabrics market was valued at USD 39,500 million and is expected to grow at a 5.6% CAGR during the forecast study period.
Although the fertility rate is decreasing at a slower pace in several regions worldwide, the population of children in Asia-Pacific is estimated to increase in the coming decades, as per data provided by the UN Population Division. This would be mainly attributed to China's one-child policy and rising birth rates in South East Asian countries. The rising infant population in developing countries with per capita GDP over USD 1,000 is expected to raise the region's demand for disposable diapers. Developing markets such as Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam are projected to be the fastest-growing markets with comparatively low penetration of disposable slides and high birth rates.
While the Chinese production of nonwoven fabrics is high, per capita consumption in the country is much lower than that of developed regions. The rising demand for infant diapers is increasing the region's market for spun-bond propylene nonwoven fabric. In developed areas, the aging population's demographic trend is expected to fuel demand for adult incontinence products. According to data from the United Nations, regions with high GDP per capita, such as North America, Japan, and Europe, are experiencing decreasing fertility rates.
The share of the elderly population in these regions is rising overall.Subsequently, the percentage share of the older people in the overall population in these regions is rising. Mountingthe aging population in these well-developed regions is projected to fuel nonwoven adult incontinence products' demand over the prediction period, thereby catalyzing the development's nonwoven fabric market.
Nonwoven fabric is being used in the healthcare sector to manufacture different products, such as surgical gowns, aprons, drapes, face mask materials, and wound dressings. These are often found in items related to sanitation, such as hygiene products, sanitary napkins, panty liners, diaper wipes, and napkin liners. The application has increased as these products are introduced with reduced usage costs in cost-sensitive hospitals. Moreover, attributable to the COVID-19 outbreak, demand for nonwoven face masks has risen astronomically to deter the virus's transmission. This has resulted, at an unprecedented rate, in the growing demand for nonwoven fabrics worldwide. Moreover, the main driving forces for this demand are rising surgery and modern surgical facilities.
Automotive manufacturers worldwide are striving to reduce vehicle weight to produce cars that are fuel-efficient and low-CO2 emission. The need for lightweight and high-resistance materials for interior applications is therefore growing. Nonwoven fabrics are 15%-20% lighter than other competing materials and can decrease a car's weight by up to 2 kg. Besides, they also improve vehicle comfort and safety. These advantages have promoted the use of nonwoven materials in over 40 applications in most automobiles, such as filters, carpets, and battery separators. Nonwoven filtration is also used in cars lowers CO2 emissions and helps make an eco-safe car, aside from innovation and environmental performance. Other important factors driving the market for non - woven cloth fabrics in the automotive industry arethe emergence of technological advancements in vehicles and reduced model lifecycles.
Technological advances have spurred the textile industry, especially for nonwoven fabrics, to see high growth in most of its product segments. New technologies are intended to reduce production costs, making nonwoven textile manufacturing commercially feasible. Nanofiber integration and high-performance material innovations are developing as alternatives to conventional membranes, opening new markets for nonwoven producers.Advance fibers such as polylactic acid (PLA) derived from vegetable starch or corn, and wood-derived viscose considers environmental regulations and allows innovative products for customers. The practical introduction of these product lines onto the global market is expected to provide market participants with future opportunities. Owing to the key advantages of random fibrous structure, low drapeability, and high liquid retention, spun-laid technology is projected to see notable growth. Furthermore, due to the high tear strength of the commodity, increased consumption of spun-laid nonwoven in applications such as industrial insulation and metal core packaging is expected
The global nonwoven fabric market is segmented into material, technology, and application.
Nonwoven fabrics of polypropylene are fabrics like materials manufactured from short-staple fibers and long fibers bound by mechanical, chemical, or heat treatment. They are primarily used in the manufacture of textiles. Nonwoven fabrics are mostly engineered materials that have a short lifetime and can only be used once. They include functions such as liquid repellence, absorption, softness, flame retardance, strength, thermal insulation, bacterial barrier, acoustic insulation, and washability. PP nonwoven fabrics have extensive geotextiles, furniture, medical devices, hygiene products, agriculture, and medical applications. Industry participants widely use polypropylene nonwoven fabrics due to their obtainability in various grades and properties that can be altered by auxiliary chemicals and treatments.
Furthermore, rapid technological developments and innovations in this area, such as designingnonwoven fabrics with skincare and softness, have led to market growth for nonwoven fabrics made of polypropylene. Arvind Ltd. and OG Corporation of Japan signed a partnership to manufacture and exchange specialized products in December 2017.The new factory in India will help OG Corporation grow its business in India within the nonwoven fabrics' space. The strategic partnership will manufacture high-quality nonwoven fabrics for artificial leather, bag-house filtration, and other applications, using needle-punch technology.
Based ontechnology, the market is divided into spun-bond, wet-laid, dry-laid, and other technologies.
Based on technology, the spun-bond segment is projected to be the largest market for nonwoven fabrics. The segment's dominant market position can be attributed to the increase in the demand for these spun-bond nonwovens across various applications in hygiene products, construction, coating substrates, agriculture, battery separators, and wipes and filtration. Spun-bond is one of the most preferred technologies through which nonwoven fabrics can be produced in higher quantities. Spun-bonded nonwoven fabrics are accessible in numerous eco-friendly options, including shopping bags, packing bags, carrier bags, and gift bags. The increasing utilization of spun-bonded materials in personal care and hygiene industries owing to their liquid repellence, softness, and absorbent properties will augment durable and disposable polypropylene nonwoven fabrics market engineering.
The regional analysis has been made considering the nonwoven fabric market trends in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, the Middle East, and Africa.
Asia-Pacific is projected to dominate the nonwoven fabrics market mainly due to increased capacity pf commissioning, growing adoption of female hygiene products in countries like India and China, coupled with an upsurge in nonwoven fabric production.Also, factors such as enhancing the global economy, increasing the workforce, increased domestic demand for hygiene products are further expected to boost the nonwoven fabrics industry. Regional demand for nonwoven fabrics is growing in the automotive, agricultural, geotextile, industrial/military,medical/healthcare, and construction sectors attributing to the specific functional properties of nonwoven fabrics, such as hygiene and protection, cost-effectiveness, durability, strength, lightweight, flexibility, user-friendliness, eco-friendliness, and logistical convenience.
In terms of consumption and production of nonwoven fabric, China held the largest share in APAC nonwoven fabrics market.China's textile business is flourishing, with the 13th Five Year Plan investing heavily and government support. In China, the demand for feminine products and baby diapers has been boostingrapidly, owing to the surge in hygiene-related concerns. The country's textile and apparel manufacturers are experiencing painful restructuring of the industry. Although the country is still the largest clothing exporter globallywith enormous production capacity, oversupply at home, high labor costs, and growing global protectionism havedestabilized its competitiveness. The leading diaper manufacturers in the country include Quanzhou Diaborn Hygiene Products Co. Ltd, Chiaus, BBG Sanitary Commodity Limited, AAB China Co. Ltd, InSoft, Yamaza, and Baron China Co. Ltd.
The Chinese government plans Xinjiang as the primary source for manufacturing textiles and apparel and has invested USD 8 billion. China's northwest region is expected to become the country's most extensivetextile production base by 2030.The year 2016 was the first year of China's 13th Five Year Plan. It was a significant year for the country's engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) industry, as it ventured into novel business models, domestically and globally.
In India, sanitary napkin's market potential rate has risen by 18 percent from 2014, as per BCH (Indian nonwovens industry association). More than ~60 percent of Indian women are reportedly believed not to use sanitary care products. This is due in large part to the high population living in rural areas. As sanitary care products' penetration rate increases, the demand for nonwovens in the country is forecast to grow due to the rising hygiene precautions.
Provided that the construction industry is dominated by state-owned and private companies, steadily increasing government and private investment drivesthe industry to the world's top position in this respect. Hong Kong's housing authorities have initiated several measures to encourage the country's low-cost housing construction to begin.In turn, all the above-mentioned factors anticipated market growth at high rates, owing to the rapid growth of end-user industries.
North America is also forecasted to witness substantial market growth of nonwoven fabric due to the growing production volume and the anticipated turnaround over the projected period in construction activities. However, some market for disposable goods such as diaper is expected to hinder demand growth to some degree.The Middle East is a comparatively small market for nonwoven fabrics, but growing nonwoven applications in building and hygiene are predicted to experience substantial growth over the coming years. North America and Eastern Europe are relatively mature economies, which are projected to experience modest growth rates over the projection period.
The global nonwoven fabrics market is fragmented, comprising numerous large and small playersin 2019. The market is enormously competitive, with multiple leading manufacturers engaging in strategic corporations to expand their market share. The nonwoven fabrics market is dominated by a few globally established players, such as Glatfelter Company, DuPont, Lydall Inc., Ahlstrom-Munksjo, Berry Global Inc., Fitesa, Suominen, TWE Group, Freudenberg Group, PFNonwovens, among many others.