The global anti-jamming equipment market had a revenue holding of USD 3,329 million in 2021. It is expected to reach USD 8,982 million by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 13.21% during the forecast period (2022–2030). Anti-jamming safeguards GPS receivers against interference and intentional jamming. When a GPS signal reaches the surface of the Earth, it is weak and susceptible to interference from more potent Radio Frequency (RF) energy. GPS anti-jamming employs power minimization to reduce the impact of interference and jamming on the GPS receiver, allowing it to continue functioning correctly. The development of GPS has transformed modern warfare. Military groups frequently use satellite technology for precise positioning, timing, and communications. On Earth, however, GPS signals are weak and sensitive to interference and purposeful jamming. Anti-jamming systems are now crucial for numerous applications. Unmanned vehicles, autonomous robotic platforms, time synchronization systems, and countless special and military vehicles have put GNSS signal reception at risk. Rapid advancements in jamming technology and industrial noise have increased the need for interference immunity for reliable operation.
In the modern era, where practically all network devices are integrated into settings, wireless networks are essential for preserving constant connectivity and services. Due to their nature, wireless networks are vulnerable to attacks from any technology, including jamming. Anti-jamming has been established to raise the caliber of wireless communication networks. In addition to interfering with radio signals, jamming has several adverse effects, including hindering wireless transmission, denial of service (DOS), inserting unwelcome messages, altering the original message's content, and blocking messages of great importance. The industry's performance has been greatly influenced by factors including the rising need for GPS technology in military applications and the continual improvements to the overall GPS infrastructure. The global navigation satellite system (GNSS), increasingly employed to determine the precise location and defend wireless communications networks from incursion by restricting the antenna's admission, is also anticipated to have significant expansion in the market.
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Growing Demand for GPS Technology in the Military
The prevalence of GPS technology and the demand for superior military navigation systems propel GPS design innovation, which strives to minimize size and weight while increasing accuracy. GPS is so commonly utilized because its concept is so straightforward. Each GPS satellite serves as an exceptionally accurate clock that transmits the local time at each satellite's location. The orbital positions of all other GPS satellites are also reported. Once the GPS receiver knows the place and time of the satellite, it can determine its precise distance. By comparing the timings of at least three satellites, a receiver may pinpoint its location on the planet's surface.
Modern aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles are receiving significant investment from armed forces worldwide. Most aircraft are equipped with GNSS (GPS) and TACAN positioning and navigation technologies, and most of the segment's revenue is generated by updating the outdated fleet of aircraft with more precise and current systems. The military is increasingly depending on GPS-enabled technology to efficiently complete mission-critical activities. GPS-enabled devices can provide accurate digital mapping in addition to tracking and navigation.
GPS systems gather information from GPS satellites and utilize it to pinpoint the location of a device. And so, with the growing use of GPS-enabled equipment in military applications, anti-jamming equipment will also likely grow. GPS systems are widespread and include target acquisition, search and rescue operations, command, and control, and more. Several countries are developing unmanned vehicles with GPS-enabled technology to carry out specialized jobs with high efficiency and precision. These unmanned vehicles can withstand hazardous conditions and dangerous chemicals in battle zones.
Advent of Newer Technologies
Older GPS receivers are incompatible with more modern and effective GPS anti-jamming solutions, such as beamforming technologies. Based on the direction of the jamming signals, the beam former recognizes, picks, and downlinks signals from 4 satellites and offers 4 anti-jam solutions in the form of algorithms. It cannot communicate with a typical GPS receiver with only one input since it creates four outputs directed at four specific satellites from the GPS receiver. This is among the reasons constraining the anti-jamming market.
Increasing Number of Armed Conflicts in Various Countries
The worrisome worldwide rise in violent armed conflicts is creating opportunities in the anti-jamming equipment market. In addition, to the growing demand for defense modernization to increase national security to lessen the consequences of signal interference caused by digital technology, governments and defense organizations, particularly in developing countries, are swiftly implementing novel anti-jamming solutions. The demand for more powerful Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) solutions and electronic warfare protection systems, such as GNSS anti-jamming systems, has increased in recent years as international conflicts have become more intense and funds for defense have increased.
The rising reliance on GPS and other navigation satellites drive growth in the global market for military GNSS anti-jamming technologies. Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) military uses are expanding at an unprecedented rate on all platforms, including the air, sea, land, and crewless aerial vehicles. GPS-Protect, an anti-jamming device used in the air, on the ground, and at sea, was introduced in 2021 by the defense technology company Edge. Similarly, numerous businesses are focusing on developing novel anti-jamming system solutions.
The global anti-jamming equipment market is classified based on technology, end-user application, and region.
Technology-wise, the global anti-jamming equipment market includes Nulling Techniques, Civilian Techniques, and Beam Steering Techniques.
The Beam Steering Technique section is projected to advance at a CAGR of 13.35% and hold the largest market share over the forecast period. The most efficient GPS anti-jamming method currently deployed by many military forces is beam steering. This method works regardless of where the signal jamming originated. It chooses and receives signals from at least four separate GPS satellites and then generates four additional anti-jamming solutions in the form of four distinct anti-jamming algorithms in response. GPS receivers decode these algorithms to determine the best way to mitigate the potential of jamming.
Additionally, beam steering is a method of altering the radiation's primary lobe direction. The lobe can be directed in a given order by both constructive and distractive interference. Beam steering is required for several communications, including localization, satellite, tracking systems, and airborne applications.
The Nulling Technique section will hold the second-largest market share. The most popular anti-jamming method used to combat GPS jamming threats is nulling. Most GPS receivers feature an antenna array arranged in a geometrically symmetrical configuration and contain seven receiving elements. Every time jamming interference is found, a portion of that pattern is reduced. The system is no longer affected by the jamming or noise signal from a specific direction. The GPS receiver cannot receive satellite navigation signals whenever a nulling pattern is active, which is a crucial drawback of nulling. GPS anti-jamming technology is used in the nulling system to shield GPS receivers from deliberate and interventional jamming.
End-user application-wise, the global anti-jamming equipment market includes Flight Control, Surveillance & Reconnaissance, Navigation, Position, & Timing, Casualty Evacuation, and Others.
The Navigation, Position, & Timing section is projected to advance at a CAGR of 12.51% and hold the largest market share over the forecast period. Due to the widespread usage of GPS for positioning, timing, and navigation, the possibility of jamming GPS signals is raising concerns across the globe. However, manufacturers are now providing anti-jamming devices for the commercial market. These technologies are designed to lessen the threat of GPS signal jamming in the military sector. Additionally, a scalable, upgradeable system-mounted platform for ground and unmanned aerial vehicles can be created using the securely mounted positioning, navigation, and timing (A-PNT)/Anti-Jam Antenna System (AJAS). Additionally, GNSS availability is essential for Position, Navigation, and Timing in current navigation, communication, and EW systems.
The Flight Control section will hold the second-largest share. The anti-jamming technology is necessary for the flight control systems to help safeguard the GPS from outside interference and impediments; these jammers amplify and intensify the signals. This rapidly evolving technology aids in minimizing the effects of obstructions or interferences so that GPS signals can transmit and receive properly. Additionally, GPS Anti-Jamming is in high demand since it shields GPS receivers from intentional and accidental jamming.
North America Dominates the Overall Market
Region-wise, the global anti-jamming equipment market includes North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and the Rest of the World.
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North America will command the largest market share, expanding at a CAGR of 11.55% over the forecast period. The United States is the major contributor to the regional market. According to SIPRI, the United States had the highest military expenditure in the world in 2022, spending USD 778 billion, far exceeding China, which came in second. For defense purposes, the nation is using unmanned vehicles more frequently. The country's security could be jeopardized by any hiccup in the communication of such devices, which is why anti-jamming solutions are mainly being used. The United States emphasizes its armed forces and defense industry and invests heavily in developing new weaponry systems. These initiatives may create new opportunities for anti-jamming technologies, supporting the market expansion in North America.
Asia-Pacific will likely expand at a CAGR of 18.65%, generating USD 2,078 million by 2030. Several developing and technologically advanced economies are found in Asia-Pacific. The demand for anti-jamming equipment in the region is being fueled by regional tensions among various countries that boast some of the most significant defense budgets. China and India dominate military spending in the region. China is anticipated to contribute primarily due to increased military assaults in the province. Other nations have improved their surveillance and capabilities due to this factor. China's high military or defense spending will enable it to expand its borders and enhance the capabilities of its anti-jamming technology. China, in particular, was significantly affected by the pandemic outbreak in Asia-Pacific. Due to the presence of many developing nations, the region's positive economic outlook, high industrial presence, and supportive governmental policies, it is one of the critical areas for the market's future expansion.