The global automated border control industry size was valued at USD 1,298.10 million in 2022. It is projected to reach USD 4,254.80 million by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 14.10% during the forecast period (2023-2031).
Automated border control systems are automated self-service barriers that use biometric passport chip data to verify the identity of a user. Face, fingerprint, iris recognition, or a combination of these biometric modalities are used for international traveler verification. Automated border gates, and computerized self-service barriers run by the border force and located at immigration checkpoints and arrival halls, demonstrate their value in the industry by facilitating a faster and more efficient flow of passengers while lowering frustration levels and increasing operational efficiency.
A biometric logo that automated border control gates can read is required for the passports to function. The control tower employee recognized the ID and then used facial recognition software to validate the person's identity. The analysis of the market size and a thorough examination of the tactics and products used by the manufacturers are included in the scope of the global automated border control market report. In numerous regions, the government's efforts have been redirected towards enhancing the implementation of public-safety technology, which is anticipated to drive market expansion in the coming years.
Long airport lines can be significantly reduced, and automation can improve passenger processing. Globally, more airports invest in automated check-in, luggage drop, and border inspection solutions. Around 72% of flight travelers used one of these self-service options in 2019, according to SITA, an airline services supplier. Additionally, automation is becoming a more significant focus for all port operations. For instance, the world's leading provider of self-service bag-drop solutions, ICM Airport Technics, was recently bought by Amadeus in 2019. ICM supported Sydney Airport T1 International in 2019 when it processed the millionth passenger-checked bag. Similarly, ICM's "Auto Bag Drop" machines are being introduced at some of the most cutting-edge airports in the world, including Changi Airport in Singapore.
In addition, Panasonic Corporation said in 2019 that it would introduce more automatic facial recognition gates for usage at more airports in Japan and newly expanded use in international traveler departure procedures. With the additional purchase, there will now be 203 automatic gates installed throughout Japan. In addition, a test initiative to automate immigration clearance for visitors leaving the country was launched in December 2020 at Indira Gandhi International Airport (India). Additionally, the European Union has placed a high priority on harmonizing electronic gates for automated border control. Thus, during the projected period, the increased emphasis on automation across all port facilities is anticipated to fuel market expansion for mechanical border controls.
Airport security is of the utmost importance, and any negligence could result in security problems. Passengers' safety is significantly increased by the use of e-gates at airports. A team of qualified experts must maintain efficient security infrastructure. For maintaining security infrastructure, competent personnel is, nevertheless, in short supply. Consequently, more technical personnel is needed to lower the demand for automated border control solutions. Vendors need to work on providing interoperability among various devices.
Interoperability is difficult in airports since various manufacturers may offer multiple security systems. This can delay security checks or make security systems less effective. For example, airport e-gates and X-ray screening equipment should be connected to assure security. The market's operators need help with device compatibility, which can prevent more automated border control systems from being adopted. Thus, it is projected that challenges with compatibility between devices and a shortage of experienced labor will constrain the expansion of the global automated border control market throughout the forecast period.
The need for IoT devices and services to increase accuracy in the border crossing process has increased due to technical improvements in automated border control solutions targeted at strengthening the capabilities and capacities of the border control systems. The demand for creative defenses against security threats has grown with the continuous border security worries. IoT-based biometrics have the potential to transform automated border control while enhancing traveler comfort and lowering border security risks.
Government authorities must ensure that the security levels are raised without degrading the experience for travelers as the danger levels related to border security continue to change in various nations worldwide. IoT is essential in assisting the relevant authorities in achieving these objectives. Several initiatives, including the D4FLY project, supported by the European Union (EU), have been made to enhance automated border control systems. Additionally, most of these projects rely on cutting-edge IoT hardware and services. As a result, the worldwide automated border control market players have excellent prospects due to the accuracy of the border crossing procedure provided by IoT devices and services.
The global automated border control market is segmented by solution type, component, and application.
The global market is bifurcated based on solution type into ABC E-Gates and ABC Kiosks.
The ABC E-Gates segment is the highest contributor to the market and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 14.80% during the forecast period. The method that ABC e-Gate and ABC Kiosk use are different. ABC e-Gate enables users to go via facial recognition after scanning the biometric page, which facilitates immigration upon confirmation from the security tower. In contrast, with ABC Kiosk, the passport is entered into a kiosk device that performs all necessary identification and issues an e-Gate token. As an alternative to kiosks, ABC e-Gates offer advantages, including physical barriers, access controls, biometric authentication, and integrated two-step processes. These elements will probably result in a safer and more effective approach than the ABC kiosk.
The global market is bifurcated based on components into hardware, software, and services.
The hardware segment is the highest contributor to the market and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 13.70% during the forecast period. The ABC system uses a variety of hardware components to communicate, authenticate the data, and grant access to the authorized person at border crossing points. The hardware elements used in automated border control systems include luggage scanners, signature scanners, document scanners, and biometric scanners. Due to the growing demand for biometric verification technology during border control, the hardware segment is predicted to dominate the global market. Additionally, biometric verification is the most precise, relevant, and validated validation technology recommended by transport authorities worldwide.
Due to the high efficiency and improved performance of biometric and document recognition database methods, the software industry is predicted to increase rapidly. The biometric and document recognition database methods, as well as the risk evaluation for travelers, are made effective and reliable by the ABC software components. Databases that save biometric information for the face, fingerprint, iris, palm, and vein contain a variety of poses and expressions as well as low- and high-quality photographs taken in both controlled and uncontrolled conditions. The software component of ABC also optimizes the passenger's image by centering, cropping, and altering brightness and contrast. It verifies the accuracy of each biometric verification technique against the information included in the e-passport.
The services that ABC solution suppliers primarily provide are installation and maintenance. The system cost comprises maintenance, implementation, and technology costs. ABC systems at BCPs don't need to be replaced because of routine maintenance. The expanding use of ABC across borders and technological advancements in ABC is responsible for the growth of the automated border control services industry. Installing e-gates and kiosks with software and hardware components is part of the ABC installation process. As part of the installation process, connecting these hardware and software components and giving them communication access are also included. ABC integration with other security systems, like video surveillance and intruder alarm management, may also be part of the installation process.
The global market is bifurcated based on application in airports, land ports, and seaports.
The airport segment is the highest contributor to the market and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 14.30% during the forecast period. Airports must increase operational efficiency to manage increased passenger traffic and use their current infrastructure and technology best. ABC systems can collect many passengers, improve operational effectiveness, and preserve security. These systems can also assist with luggage tagging, self-check-in, and check-out. ABC systems eliminate time-consuming airport tasks like baggage tagging and immigration/arrival process clearance through a self-service baggage tagging and immigration/arrival process self-service.
Due to the rising illegal activity at seaport boundaries, border crossing is one of the most delicate and time-consuming tasks. Security is vital for long-term business stability because ports are important transit sites in business activities. Moreover, with new and massive seaports being built and modernized worldwide, advanced port security systems will become crucial to detect and stop any impending threat to the ports. To ensure security and quick border crossing, the majority of governments throughout the world are implementing automated border control at seaports.
In major cities, railroads are regarded as the foundation of the transportation infrastructure. Most people want speedy assistance and information about the immigration/arrival process, train schedules, and availability. People from other regions visiting a new site sometimes ask reception for directions and go through several security checks. Visitors can access this information at these locations thanks to ABC systems. Users of ABC systems will find the content organized in a simple and defined menu. People from different countries or areas may access information thanks to multilingual alternatives, overcoming linguistic obstacles.
The global automated border control market is bifurcated into four regions: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.
Europe is the most significant revenue contributor and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 12.45% during the forecast period. The market is expanding significantly in Europe as well. The need for border clearance showcase from the German and British aviation industries is credited with this development. Throughout the projection period, the rest of the world experiences tremendous growth. There is a growing need for automated border control systems in South America, the Middle East, and Africa to improve the airport's operating efficiency.
Asia-Pacific is expected to grow at a CAGR of 15.90% during the forecast period. The Asia-Pacific region is anticipated to account for a sizeable portion of the market for automated border control systems over the forecast period. This market expansion is linked to China and India spending more money to construct airport infrastructure. The Chinese government increasingly emphasizes airport security through rigorous passport inspections to confirm travel documentation. The Indian government is driving market expansion by tightly enforcing the background check procedure for registered tourists.
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