Home Aerospace And Defense Ballistic Missile Market Size & Share by region with geopolitical tensions analysis

Ballistic Missile Market

Ballistic Missile Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Launch Mode (Surface-to-Surface , Surface-to-Air , Air-to-Surface , Air-to-Air, Subsea-to-Air ), By Range (Short-range , Medium-range , Intermediate-range , Intercontinental) and By Region(North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) Forecasts, 2024-2032

Report Code: SRAD56023DR
Study Period 2020-2032 CAGR 4.5%
Historical Period 2020-2022 Forecast Period 2024-2032
Base Year 2023 Base Year Market Size USD 4.89 Billion
Forecast Year 2032 Forecast Year Market Size USD 7.26 Billion
Largest Market North America Fastest Growing Market Asia Pacific
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Market Overview

The global ballistic missile market revenue was valued at USD 4.89 billion in 2023. It is estimated to reach USD 7.26 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 4.5% during the forecast period (2024–2032). The global ballistic missile industry is driven by the rise in military and defense expenditure by most nations worldwide, which helps develop advanced missile systems to enhance their security. The surge in geopolitical tensions worldwide, stemming from territorial disputes, regional conflicts, and ideological differences, drives demand for ballistic missiles globally. Moreover, there has been an increase in the development of innovative, technologically sophisticated ballistic missiles and their associated components, which is estimated to create opportunities for market expansion.

A ballistic missile is a long-range weapon that delivers a warhead to a distant target through a ballistic trajectory. It follows a suborbital flight path, which travels through space and re-enters the Earth's atmosphere to reach its intended destination. Ballistic missiles are propelled by powerful rocket engines, achieving high speeds and altitudes during their flight. They are categorized into several types based on their range, speed, and payload capacity, including intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), which can travel thousands of kilometers, and shorter-range variants like medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs) and short-range ballistic missiles (SRBMs). Ballistic missiles are commonly associated with military applications, serving as strategic deterrents or offensive weapons in conflicts. They play a significant role in national defense strategies and are subject to international arms control agreements to manage proliferation and ensure global security.

Market Dynamics

Market Drivers

Rising Military and Defense Budgets

A surge in global military and defense budgets significantly influences the ballistic missile market, dictating how much nations can invest in developing, procuring, and maintaining missile capabilities. Higher defense budgets allow countries to allocate resources to research, develop, and acquire advanced missile systems. Further, defense budgets influence the pace and scale of modernization programs, with higher allocations enabling faster upgrades and enhancements to existing missile arsenals.

The recent data published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) shows that global military spending increased by 3.7% in 2022 to a record USD 2,240 billion. Global spending increased by 19% between 2013 and 2022, and it has been rising annually since 2015. Europe's military spending increased the fastest annually in at least three decades. The three countries with the greatest military budgets in 2022—the United States, China, and Russia—accounted for 56% of the total globally. Thus, the factors above are estimated to augment the global market growth.

Escalating Geopolitical Tensions 

Escalating geopolitical tensions worldwide, like the South China Sea Dispute, the Russia-Ukraine Conflict, the Israel-Palestine Conflict, the Iran Nuclear Deal, and Regional Influence etc., represent a significant driver propelling the growth of the ballistic missile market. In recent years, geopolitical rivalries, territorial disputes, and regional conflicts have intensified, increasing demand for ballistic missiles as nations seek to assert their military capabilities and deter potential adversaries. The proliferation of ballistic missile technology among both state and non-state actors has exacerbated security concerns, fueling arms races and strategic competition.

Notably, the emergence of rogue states and volatile regions adds complexity to global security dynamics, prompting neighboring nations and international alliances to bolster their missile defense capabilities. Moreover, geopolitical tensions often drive nations to invest heavily in military modernization programs, including developing and acquiring advanced ballistic missile systems, as part of broader defense strategies. In this context, the ballistic missile market thrives on the need for nations to maintain credible deterrence, project power, and protect vital interests in an increasingly uncertain geopolitical landscape.

Market Restraint

Stringent Regulatory Frameworks 

One significant restraint hindering the ballistic missile market's growth is the stringent regulatory frameworks and international arms control agreements governing the export and proliferation of missile technology. Compliance with international arms control regimes, such as the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), imposes strict restrictions on transferring ballistic missile technology, components, and related know-how. These regulatory hurdles significantly impede market access for manufacturers and suppliers, limiting their ability to penetrate new markets and expand their customer base.

Furthermore, adherence to arms control agreements entails substantial administrative and compliance costs, which can weigh heavily on market players' financial resources and operational efficiency. The complex interplay between national security interests, diplomatic relations, and non-proliferation objectives adds uncertainty and risk to international trade in ballistic missile technology. As a result, market participants must navigate a challenging regulatory landscape characterized by evolving export controls and compliance requirements, which can impede market growth and innovation.

Market Opportunities

Technological Advancements

In recent years, there has been a rise in the creation of novel, technologically advanced ballistic missiles and their other components. For instance, in November 2023, according to the state-run Korean Central News Agency, North Korea recently conducted initial ground tests of solid-fuel engines for a novel intermediate-range ballistic missile. These tests were in preparation for the country's newly-designated Missile Industry Day. The country's state media announced that inaugural ground jet tests for the first-stage engine of the second-stage engine yielded "highly satisfactory results."

Furthermore, in April 2024, India successfully performed a test flight of the advanced ballistic missile Agni-Prime from the APJ Abdul Kalam Island, located off the coast of Odisha. The Defence Ministry has verified that the test flight successfully achieved all trial objectives and confirmed the missile's dependable functioning. The test successfully achieved all the trial objectives, confirming its dependable performance. This was verified through the data collected by many range sensors positioned at various locations, including two downrange ships at the final destination. Thus, such factors are estimated to create opportunities for market growth.

Regional Analysis

Based on region, the global ballistic missile market is bifurcated into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa.

The Asia-Pacific region emerges as a dynamic and rapidly growing market for ballistic missiles, fueled by escalating geopolitical tensions, military modernization efforts, and territorial disputes. Nations like China, India, North Korea, and others are actively engaged in the development, production, and deployment of advanced ballistic missile systems, reflecting their strategic ambitions and security imperatives. Asia-Pacific's diverse security landscape, characterized by historical rivalries like India-Pakistan and India-China rivalry, unresolved territorial disputes, and nuclear proliferation concerns, drives the demand for robust missile defense capabilities. Heightened regional security threats, including North Korea's missile provocations and China's assertive behavior in territorial disputes, further stimulated investments in ballistic missile systems and defense infrastructure.

Furthermore, there has been a rise in the launch of new ballistic missiles in the region. For instance, North Korea has designated a day called "Missile Industry Day" to mark the test launch of its Hwasong-17 intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) in 2022. Kim Jong-un, the country's leader, stated that this missile test demonstrated their regime's possession of a robust and dependable capability to confront any nuclear dangers. Moreover, the proliferation of missile technology among non-state actors and rogue states exacerbates security challenges, prompting regional stakeholders to enhance their ballistic missile defense architectures and cooperative security arrangements. The Asia-Pacific's strategic importance as a focal point of global power competition underscores its pivotal role in shaping the trajectory of the ballistic missile market in the coming years.

North America is a dominant force in the global ballistic missile market, owing to its robust defense industrial base, technological prowess, and strategic military capabilities. Spearheaded by the United States, the region accounts for a substantial share of global defense spending, driving innovation and development across the ballistic missile sector. According to Statista, the United States ranked first among countries in terms of military spending in 2022, investing 877 billion U.S. dollars in its military. That represented around 40 percent of that year's overall worldwide military spending, amounting to 2.2 trillion U.S. dollars.

Furthermore, according to the U.S. Congressional Budget Office, military spending is expected to rise from 746 billion U.S. dollars in 2022 to 1.1 trillion U.S. dollars by 2033. North America's geopolitical influence and strategic alliances amplify the domestic demand for ballistic missile systems among allied nations. The region's commitment to maintaining a credible deterrence posture and ensuring national security underscores its pivotal role in shaping the global ballistic missile market landscape.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
By Launch Mode
  1. Surface-to-Surface 
  2. Surface-to-Air 
  3. Air-to-Surface 
  4. Air-to-Air
  5. Subsea-to-Air 
By Range
  1. Short-range 
  2. Medium-range 
  3. Intermediate-range 
  4. Intercontinental
Company Profiles General Dynamic Corporation BAE Systems PLC DRDO Mbda Inc. Lockheed Martin Corporation. Rockwell Collins Raytheon Company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Thales Group Northrop Grumman Corporation
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global ballistic missile market is segmented by launch mode and range.

Based on launch mode, the global ballistic missile market is divided into surface-to-surface, surface-to-air, air-to-surface, air-to-air, and subsea-to-air.

The idea of an air-to-air ballistic missile is complicated and full of obstacles, even though it is physically possible. Unlike traditional air-to-air missiles, which rely on rocket propulsion for relatively short-range engagements, a ballistic missile would require vastly different technology, including a powerful booster to propel it into a ballistic trajectory capable of reaching its target at high altitude and speed. Moreover, guidance systems would need to be sophisticated to accurately track and intercept fast-moving aerial targets. Launching such a missile would significantly advance aerial warfare, potentially offering the capability to engage multiple airborne threats simultaneously and from long ranges. However, the practicality and effectiveness of such a weapon system would depend on its ability to overcome technical hurdles, navigate international arms control agreements, and integrate seamlessly into existing air defense networks.

Based on range, the global ballistic missile market is segmented into short-range, medium-range, intermediate-range, and intercontinental.

An intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) is a long-range missile system designed to deliver nuclear or conventional warheads over vast distances. It is propelled into space by powerful engines, following a ballistic trajectory that arcs high above the Earth's atmosphere before descending on its target. ICBMs are characterized by their capability to travel thousands of kilometers, crossing continents and oceans in minutes. Their advanced guidance systems ensure precise targeting, making them potent weapons of strategic deterrence. Historically, ICBMs have been a central component of nuclear arsenals possessed by major military powers. They serve as a deterrent against potential adversaries because they can inflict catastrophic damage on distant targets with minimal warning. The development and deployment of ICBMs have significantly influenced global geopolitics, shaping military strategies and international relations.

Market Size By Launch Mode

Recent Developments

Top Key Players

General Dynamic Corporation BAE Systems PLC DRDO Mbda Inc. Lockheed Martin Corporation. Rockwell Collins Raytheon Company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Thales Group Northrop Grumman Corporation Others

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Who manufactures ballistic missiles?
Top 10 ballistic missile manufacturers are General Dynamic Corporation, BAE Systems PLC, DRDO, Mbda Inc., Lockheed Martin Corporation., Rockwell Collins, Raytheon Company, Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, Thales Group, Northrop Grumman Corporation.
The global ballistic missile market is estimated to reach USD 7.26 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 4.5%.
North America is a dominant force in the global ballistic missile market, owing to its robust defense industrial base, technological prowess, and strategic military capabilities.
The ballistic missile market size is valued USD 5.11 billion in 2024.
The growth of the ballistic missile market is driven by increased geopolitical tensions, such as disputes in the South China Sea, the Russia-Ukraine conflict, and others.

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