The global ceramic coating market size was valued at USD 9.69 billion in 2021 and is likely to reach USD 19.02 billion in 2030 expanding at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.78% from 2022 to 2030. Ceramics are inorganic materials that can withstand high temperatures and are treated and utilized in the form of coatings. Ceramic coatings are generally alumina, alumina-magnesia, chromia, hafnia, silica, silicon carbide, titania, silicon nitride, and zirconia-based compositions.
One of the contributors to this expansion is the expansion of the transportation and automobile industries. The introduction of a significant number of new products and business expansions over the course of the previous five years is indicative of the robust growth that is anticipated for this industry in the not-too-distant future.
Ceramic coatings have applications in many different types of businesses. It is attainable by the use of a number of distinct technological processes, including thermal spray, physical vapour deposition (PVD), chemical vapour deposition (CVD), and others. Dripping, sol-gel, micro-oxidation, packed diffusion, ionic beam surface treatment, and laser-aided procedures are some further examples of treatments.
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The aerospace and defense industries' growing demand for ceramic coatings will drive the market
Manufacturing, marketing, and operating commercial aircraft are generally included in the aviation sector, but the demand for military equipment and systems for land, sea, and air operations is what drives the defence industry. 2019 saw fewer deliveries in the commercial aerospace sector as a result of issues with specific aircraft types throughout manufacture. 2020 is projected to be a year of significant turning points for the global commercial space industry as there may be sustained investment in both emerging and established space technology. Although the United States is largely responsible for the aerospace and military sector's expansion, other nations have recently made significant contributions to the sector's growth, including China, France, India, Japan, the Middle East & Africa, and the United Kingdom.
Turbine engines are primarily utilized for aviation propulsion, auxiliary power systems, and other purposes. Thermal barrier coatings are insulating ceramic layers that are put on metallic components in a heat engine. The air-cooled component beneath is shielded from the hot engine gases by the low conductivity ceramic coatings. The temperature of components in gas turbine engines has been reduced by ceramic coatings by up to 190°.
Aero-engines and gas turbines on the ground may have their thrusts and efficiency increased gradually by using ceramic coatings. In order to raise the temperature parameters of aero-engine discs and blades and the aero-engine gas turbine components combustor liners, these thermally insulating layers must be cooled by -150° C. The failure of aircraft components is not an option. Thus, the primary use of these coatings in turbine engines is what is influencing market trends for ceramic coatings.
Ceramic Coatings Market to Be Driven by Awareness of Vehicle Protection and Aesthetics
The need for ceramic coatings is rising as more cars are being sold, where they are primarily employed for aesthetic and protective functions. It is a liquid polymer that is used to coat the outside of a car. The coating bonds chemically with the factory paint of the car, creating a layer of protection and shine. Ceramic coatings provide a vehicle the safety and polish it needs in a way that regular, thorough cleaning cannot. There are several ceramic coating products on the market. The quantity of silicon dioxide (Si0,) present in the material determines the main differences. Some have concentrations that are as low as 5% or as high as 70%. In general, a product will survive longer if the amount of silicon dioxide is larger. Ceramic coatings for cars provide a lot of advantages.
When a car is routinely exposed to the sun, the paint begins to oxidize, becoming dull and looking worn. A ceramic coating lessens the amount of oxidation by shielding a vehicle's paint from the sun's UV radiation. By making a chemically resistant surface, ceramic coatings will stop some chemicals from adhering to the paint of the car. The result is that the automobile will be more resistant to staining and etching if the contamination is quickly removed. The market demand is expected to be fueled by consumer awareness of the importance of protecting cars from UV radiation, stains, etching, and other damage.
The market will be driven by rising demand for ceramic coatings in specialized applications
When creating solar panels, ceramics are employed as transparent conductive coatings (COs). The most prevalent CO at the moment is indium-tin oxide (ITO), which is followed by tin oxide (FTO) doped with fluorine and aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO). The next generation of photovoltaic high-efficiency cells will be butvskite-based solar cells. This ceramic solar panel coating shields the glass against corrosion and discoloration caused by salt spray or mineral particles. Solar mirrors may also be protected with these coatings to endure severe temperatures, from below zero to over one hundred degrees. During the projection period, there is a good chance that the installation of solar photovoltaic systems in homes, businesses, and industrial facilities will increase. As a result, more solar panel use is projected to increase demand.
The healthcare sector is growing as a result of a number of factors, including an ageing and growing population, an increase in the incidence of chronic diseases, infrastructure investments, technological advancements, changing treatment models, higher labour costs during labour shortages, and the expansion of health care systems in developing nations. An ecologically friendly PVD (Physical Vapor Deposition) method is used to create medical ceramic coatings by coating an instrument with titanium aluminium nitrate (TiAN). In this PVD phase, a high-purity titanium and aluminium target is magnetron-sputtered onto the substrate inside a vacuum chamber. Metal particles from the target are turned into vapour, react with nitrogen ions, and then deposit as a few thin, high-density layers of microns onto the sensor (um). Due to their hydrophobic properties, prolonged product life, increased hardness, resistance to corrosion, and other factors, they are mostly employed in the healthcare sector for simpler cleaning and reprocessing. As a result, the ceramic coatings market is expanding due to the expanding healthcare sector.
The demand for ceramic coatings may be hampered by their high price
The two main issues that have prevented their widespread acceptance are their comparatively greater cost and worries regarding the repeatability of characteristics including thickness, structure, hardness, and stickiness. The ceramic coatings adhere to the surface of the car and harden into a protective layer that is bright and firm, making them semi-permanent. In this sector, marketing strategies frequently emphasize hardness. They are more prone to scratches. Because hard coatings have hyper-dense arrangements, there is less surface area available to spread the strain from abrasion when a scratch happens. When the pressure builds up again, it is concentrated in just that little patch of the floor, creating a level of pressure so high that a scratch develops. These elements might slow the market's expansion within the anticipated time frame.
Cookware is frequently protected from scratches or damage by a non-stick coating. Nonstick coatings contain polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). PFOA was classified as "possibly human carcinogenic" by ARC. Therefore, it is anticipated that the market would be constrained by PFOA's carcinogenic properties.
The ceramic coating market is segmented into the following categories: Product, Technology, Application (Automotive, Energy, Aerospace, Industrial Goods, and Healthcare), and Region.
Based on Product the market is divided into Oxide, Carbide and Nitride. In 2021, the oxide market category accounted for 57.2% of total sales. In comparison to other coatings like carbide and nitride, oxides are less expensive. In the steel industry, this kind of coating is utilized on refractory bricks, chimneys, guide bars, pumps, and bearings. The oil and gas sectors also use a lot of oxide and carbide coatings for their mud rotors, pump sleeves, MWD equipment, and valve parts. Oil and gas exploration businesses can save exploration expenses and boost output by coating service components.
During the projection period, the carbide segment is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 7.7 percent. Due to the high expenses of the processing and raw materials, carbide coatings are pricey. Carbide coatings are slowly making their way into the sports sector, where they are applied to items like horse hooves, golf clubs, and bicycles. A product line extension for XPEL, Inc.'s FUSION PLUS automotive ceramic coating was announced in October 2020. The line-up of automobile ceramic coatings now comprises special substances developed to safeguard trim surfaces, plastic, upholstery, glass, and brake calipers.
The most common method for applying ceramic coatings on surfaces is a thermal spray. In the worldwide market, thermal spray accounted for over 74% of the revenue. The fact that this method of application may be employed with practically any material composition and has a high density makes it the most preferred option among manufacturers of ceramic coatings. Bodycote successfully acquired Ellison Surface Technologies in April 2020. The biggest engineered coated surface technology and thermal spray services in the world were developed as a result of this purchase. PVD, also known as physical vapour deposition, is anticipated to rise significantly in this market. Its lower cost is the main element contributing to the growth in usage.
Along with being cheaper, this approach also uses less energy than the others. PVD does, however, have several drawbacks because of its slow spraying velocity. PVD-applied coatings are less resistant to surface pressure and high temperatures. They are therefore inappropriate for heavy industry and aircraft applications.
The majority of the world's consumption came from industrial products. Anti-corrosion and efficiency-enhancing coating investments have increased, according to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which will make the need even stronger. Additionally, industrial products like refractory bricks, chimneys, and iron rods are sprayed with ceramic coatings. In the near future, the steel and power generation sectors will place a high demand on it due to its abrasion resistance, heat resistance, and additional protective layer.
In recent years, surgical tools have found a wide range of applications for ceramic coatings, which are utilized to harden the instrument. This is the last and most crucial type of coating for artificial hips since it significantly reduces wear rates. Every year, over 330,000 hip replacement surgeries are performed just in the United States. These coatings improve gas turbine engine performance, which consistently reduces high operating temperatures. Ceramic coatings improve performance by allowing aircraft engines to run at higher temperatures. Due to the product's significant use in the aerospace and defence industries, demand is predicted to rise exponentially.
Based on Region the market is divided into the following: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East.
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Due to the cheap cost in the area, Asia Pacific led the market in 2021 with more than 40% of worldwide consumption. Lesser prices are typically connected with reduced quality items rather than lower operating expenses. Huge consumption from developing nations like China, India, and Japan can be used to describe the local demand. Oerlikon Balzers expanded its coating activities in Asia in April 2021 by opening its first client center there. To expand its presence in the Asian market, the corporation has undertaken significant investments.
During the projected period, increased manufacturing of engineering components in the area is likely to drive regional demand. The majority of the region's supply is imported from China, which is also a top producer of ceramic coatings. Around 25% of regional consumption comes from Japan, which is anticipated to continue to dominate over the projected period.
Together, Europe and North America are in charge of providing for around half of the world's necessities. The area's high level of ceramic coating use has been made possible by well-established automotive and aerospace sectors. Future market growth is anticipated to be driven by the automotive and healthcare goods industries.
List of key ceramic coating market manufacturers profiled
Apr 2021 With the launch of the brand-new Safari model, Tata Motors, India's leading automaker, has unveiled a Ceramic Coating service offering, a first for the industry. To restore the look of Tata automobiles, this cutting-edge hydrophilic formulation technique has been used. All Tata Motors-authorized dealerships will provide this service, and the cars are available for a price of 28,500 for U.V.s. All other Tata passenger vehicles will also be eligible for this special service, with rates for each category varying.
In April 2021, Eastman Performance Films, LLC (Eastman) introduced the LLumar Valor paint protection film, which offers automobile owners protection for their vehicles and keeps them looking stylish for longer. In comparison to other top products on the market, Valor's specialized technology makes it simple to clean and has up to 25% more stain and environmental resistance. Valor mixes, paint protection, and ceramic coating advantages have all been combined into one robust solution using Eastman Tetrashield technology.