The global coco coir market size was valued at USD 350.2 million in 2022. It is expected to reach USD 717.7 million by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 8.3% during the forecast period (2023–2031).
Coco coir is the natural fiber extracted from the coconut husk by soaking it in freshwater or saltwater and allowing it to dry for an extended period; the longer it matures, the better the results. After the process of drying, bales are formed. It is widely employed in producing rugs, doormats, plant basket liners, upholstery stuffing, and ropes. Its advantages are durability, resistance to rotting, excellent water retention and hydrophilicity, antifungal nature, and recyclability.
Due to its eco-friendly qualities, rubberized coir is frequently used in the automotive industry. Concerns about sustainability and environmental protection are driving up demand for eco-friendly products, which is driving demand for coir products and the market for coir. Due to their qualities, such as high-water absorption, long durability, and soil erosion control capacity, coir products are widely used across many industries.
Coir geotextile is a continuous sheet used to reveal erodible slopes or surfaces. This coir-based sheet lessens the raindrops' force, the runoff's speed, and surface erosion on disturbed soils. Additionally, it might protect young plants and encourage plant growth by reducing the rate at which soil moisture evaporates. Today, coir geotextile—a 100% organic, environmentally friendly fiber with high durability—is successfully used to improve soil behavior, stop erosion, and aid soil consolidation. The market is expected to grow more quickly due to the rise in demand for practical and high-performance textiles used in agriculture, road construction, and erosion control applications, as well as the expansion of the construction sector.
Since a few years ago, environmental awareness has increased globally. Customers have become more cautious about their purchases, particularly about the nature of purchased products, due to the rise in customer awareness concerning global warming and climate change. Cleaner cocoa product production is a relatively new preventive environmental strategy that lowers the risk to people and the environment while improving the resource efficiency of goods and services. Many businesses producing coconut products have started positioning themselves as environmentally friendly and offering goods with little environmental impact. Additionally, many companies have embraced the idea of cleaner production to meet consumer demand. As a result, consumer preference for environmentally friendly goods significantly contributes to global market expansion.
It has been observed that synthetic products made of high-density polyethylene, polypropylene, polyester, and polyamide fiber in woven, short, or tape form have increased significantly. Compared to other raw materials, synthetic geotextile is less expensive, making it a preferred material, particularly for applications in the construction industry. Due to their superior qualities, including mechanical strength and liquid repellency, these products have grown in popularity. Furthermore, the use of synthetic geotextile in various industries has grown as people become more aware of its functional advantages over conventional materials, including its high tensile strength, flexibility, superior load-bearing capacity, and permeability. As a result, it is anticipated that consumer preference for synthetic products will be a significant market restraint due to their affordability and ease of availability.
Coir plywood, a novel product combined with resin and a few pre-treated timber veneers, is used as a substitute for plywood. The market in India has well received the product as a plywood substitute. A significant number of tropical trees currently being cut down for this purpose could be avoided using coir instead of other timber products. With the additional strength of fiber-reinforced phenol bonding, coir ply has all the characteristics of phenol-bonded ply. It resists surface abrasion to a high degree and temperature-related contraction and expansion. Compared to wood plywood, coir board has the lowest consumption rating per square foot for paints and varnishes, which lowers the overall finishing cost. In addition, plywood coir demand is anticipated to increase soon due to eco-friendly construction that uses renewable building materials. As a result, it is expected that the abovementioned properties will help the market grow.
The global coco coir market is segmented by product, application, and consumer.
Based on the product, the global coco coir market is bifurcated into coco coir grow bags, bales, coir material, open tops, blends and loose substrate, and others.
The coco coir grows bags segment is the highest contributor to the market and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.8% during the forecast period. Compressed coir is wrapped in polyethylene bags with or without pre-cut drainage and plant holes to create coir grow bags. These grow bags can be flat or small open-top container grow bags, and they come in standard sizes and different coir volume options. The bags provide the same advantages of coir growing with the added benefits of portability and increased effectiveness. The coir grows bags lessen transplant shock when plants are moved, encouraging plant growth and serving as a global market driver. Additionally, these grow bags have grown various plants, including strawberries, tomatoes, peppers, and cucumbers. Additionally, the mix or variation of coir in coco coir bags offers growers extra advantages when choosing coir for plant growth, including strawberry and blueberry plants.
Coconut husks are used to make coco bale. The main component of coco peat is coir fiber pith, also known as coir dust, produced by processing and removing the long fibers from coconut husk. Bales are used in making artificial wood, upholstery, sound, and thermal insulation, and bales. They are also appropriate soil for all plants, including hydroponics, cacti, orchids, roses, succulents, mushrooms, and bonsai. The demand for bale has increased as the greenhouse, vertical garden, and landscaping industries have expanded.Additionally, due to its high elasticity and durability, coir bale has seen an increase in demand in the upholstery industry. Demand will also increase during the forecast period due to consumer preferences for natural products like coir used in furniture and insulation products. Additionally, the commercialization of marijuana in some nations as food and medical products is anticipated to augment the demand for coir bales, driving the global market expansion.
Based on the application, the global coco coir market is bifurcated into rope and cordage, coco nets and twines, stitched mats, coconut meals, and husk.
The coconut meals segment owns the highest market and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 12.3% during the forecast period. As a pure substrate for various crops or as a component in potting soil mixtures, coir meal/pith is used. Due to its homogeneous and delicate structure, coconut meat has many uses in the agricultural sector. It effectively retains water, allowing crops to use it. Coir pith exhibits a rapid rewetting after being dry. Coir meal is only used as a part of substrate mixtures for different types of crops. Coconut meal is typically combined with peat to create a generally coarser structure and quickly drains excess water.
Natural fiber, known as coir, is obtained from the coconut husk or mesocarp tissue. 20–30% of the husk comprises fibers of various lengths. The long fibers are removed from the ground-up husk and used in multiple industrial processes, including rope and mats. The remaining substance is frequently referred to as waste-grade coir and comprises short and medium-length fibers and pith tissue. The fiber in the waste grade coir may be wholly or partially removed through screening, leaving behind what is known as coir pith. The husk provides superior insulation against temperature and sound, so its demand for wall insulation is rising significantly, which is expected to fuel the market's expansion. The husk is also preferred when making furniture because it resists rot and fungi.
Based on consumers, the global coco coir market is bifurcated into greenhouse and sellers.
The greenhouse segment is the highest contributor to the market and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.6% during the forecast period. A greenhouse is a building where plants that require controlled climate conditions are grown. Its walls and roof are mostly made of transparent materials, like glass. Depending on the amount of produce that can be produced, the greenhouse structure can range in size from modest to large. Cucumbers, strawberries, tomatoes, and other plants can be grown using coco coir. Reducing production costs while maintaining crop productivity and using organic substrates for greenhouse production can be a viable replacement for the inorganic substrate.
Sellers are the ones who sell things like rope and cordage, coco nets and twines, stitched mats, coconut meals, and husk. The sellers' segment meets the needs of coir wholesalers and retail customers. The retail consumer's rising demand for coir-based goods is a significant factor anticipated to fuel market expansion. Additionally, growing consumer demand for coir has fueled the development of the global market due to rising consumer awareness of it as an environmentally friendly product and growth in its applications.
North America Dominates the Global Market
The global coco coir market is segmented by region: Asia-Pacific, North America, Europe, and LAMEA.
North America is the most significant revenue contributor and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 6.9% during the forecast period. North America's coco coir market is primarily examined in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Due to the rise in demand for coir in greenhouses and household applications, the U.S. market contributed the most to the North American coco coir market. In North America in the early 1990s, coir pith was used in place of soil. However, it is now used more frequently as a soil medium and conditioner. Farmers are now aware of the uses and advantages of coconut coir for soil conditioning, which significantly increases demand and boosts market growth. Most of the coco peat products in the area are imported into the major North American markets of the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Developing new small businesses in the neighborhood markets assists the region's coco coir market's overall expansion.
Europe is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.5% during the forecast period. Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, and Denmark are all included in the European coco coir market study. Due to an increase in greenhouses, the UK and the Netherlands made the most significant contributions to the European region. Additionally, the market has grown due to increased internet usage in Europe and the sale of coir products on online marketplaces. The coco coir market in Europe is steadily expanding. The market is expected to grow as greenhouse construction increases and coir-based products become more popular with retail customers. The growing use of coir peat in the agricultural sector due to the rise in greenhouse construction has fueled market expansion. Initiatives by the Russian and the Netherlands governments to build more greenhouses and increase the production of fruits and vegetables are anticipated to help the market expand. The market is growing due to the increased use of coir products like ropes and mats in the construction, marine, and household sectors. The region's coir product sales are anticipated to increase as coir products become more widely available online.
India, Indonesia, China, the Philippines, South Korea, Vietnam, and Malaysia are all included in the study of the coco coir market in the Asia-Pacific region. Due to the high demand for coir from the greenhouse industry and the high demand for coir-based products like mats and carpets, China is the market's most significant contributor. The rise in demand from China and South Korea is the main factor driving the coco coir market's expansion in the Asia-Pacific region. For coco coir and its by-products, the top exporters in the area are India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka. Many market participants aim to offer eco-friendly cocopeat and its products. Due to the fierce competition between local businesses and those in the surrounding nations, market participants are trying to innovate and develop new products using coco fiber, which significantly impacts the market's expansion. The market for coco coir in the area is also boosted by farmers' increased awareness of coco fiber products.
Studies of the LAMEA coco coir market are being conducted across the region. These countries are receptive to new technologies since they are in the midst of rapid economic development and could benefit from them. Imports supply the majority of LAMEA's coco coir market. Coir mats, ropes, and nets are processed into additional by-products using goods from India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka. The modern farming techniques used in North America, such as the use of coir media in greenhouses, have significantly impacted farming in Latin America. As a result, the use of coco peat and coco fibers in this region's farms is rising. Additionally, due to the increased demand in the Gulf countries, imports of coco peat from India have grown recently. As a result, combining all these factors fuels the expansion of the regional market.
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