Home Food & Beverages Dairy Enzyme Market Size to Grow $1,521.37 million by 2032

Dairy Enzyme Market

Dairy Enzyme Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Type (Rennet, Lactases, Catalases, Lipases, Proteinases, Peptidases), By Source (Plant, Animal , Microorganism), By Applications (Milk, Yogurt, Cheese, Whey, Ice Cream and Dessert, Infant formula, Others) and By Region(North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) Forecasts, 2024-2032

Report Code: SRFB458DR
Study Period 2020-2032 CAGR 7.25%
Historical Period 2020-2022 Forecast Period 2024-2032
Base Year 2023 Base Year Market Size USD 810.33 million
Forecast Year 2032 Forecast Year Market Size USD 1,521.37 million
Largest Market North America Fastest Growing Market
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Market Overview

The global dairy enzyme market size was valued at USD 810.33 million in 2023. It is estimated to reach USD 1,521.37 million by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 7.25% during the forecast period (2024–2032). The global dairy enzyme market is primarily boosted by a surge in the consumption of dairy products, owing to a rapid population surge worldwide, especially in emerging economies. Sustainability has been a major concern for consumers in recent years, owing to increased environmental pollution, thereby driving the demand for environmentally friendly products. This is anticipated to boost the global dairy enzyme market. Moreover, the market leaders are launching new diary enzymes with better functionality to enhance their market share, which is estimated to generate market growth opportunities.

Dairy enzymes are proteins that catalyze specific biochemical reactions in milk and dairy products, facilitating various processes such as fermentation, coagulation, and ripening. These enzymes can be naturally present in raw milk or added during processing to improve product quality, texture, flavor, and shelf life.

Examples of dairy enzymes include lactase (which breaks down lactose into glucose and galactose), rennet (used in cheese making to coagulate milk proteins), lipases (which contribute to flavor development in cheeses), and proteases (which help in protein breakdown during cheese ripening). Dairy enzymes are crucial in producing a wide range of dairy products, including cheese, yogurt, butter, and fermented milk beverages.

Highlights 

  • Rennet dominates the type segment
  • Microorganism dominates the source segment
  • Cheese dominates the application segment
  • North America is the highest shareholder in the global market

Market Dynamics

Global Dairy Enzyme Market Drivers:

Growing Demand for Dairy Products

The surging demand for dairy products is a key driver of the dairy enzyme market. As global populations increase and consumer preferences evolve, there is a rising appetite for dairy-based foods and beverages. According to the United Nations, the global human population reached 8.0 billion in mid-November 2022 and is predicted to reach 9.70 billion by 2050, possibly peaking at close to 10.4 billion in the mid-2080s.

According to FAO, this rise in population and wealth will lead to a minimum 50% increase in the demand for dairy products. A rise in per capita income is predicted to cause the global per capita consumption of fresh dairy products to grow by 1.2% yearly over the next ten years, a little faster than in the previous ten years. The dairy enzyme market is expanding due to producers of dairy products looking to use enzymes to improve product quality, efficiency of production, and innovation in response to this growing demand.

Sustainability Concerns 

Sustainability concerns are a significant driver of the dairy enzyme market as consumers and industry stakeholders increasingly prioritize environmentally friendly practices. Enzymes offer sustainable alternatives to traditional chemical additives and processing methods, reducing the environmental footprint of dairy production. Enzyme-based technologies require fewer resources, such as water and energy, and generate less waste than conventional methods.

Additionally, enzymes enable the production of cleaner-label products by eliminating the need for synthetic additives and preservatives. Due to rising awareness of climate change and resource depletion, dairy producers face increasing pressure to implement sustainable practices across their supply chains. Consequently, the demand for enzymes as eco-friendly processing aids continues to rise, driven by the need to meet sustainability goals and satisfy environmentally-conscious consumers.

Global Dairy Enzyme Market Restraint:

High Production Cost 

High production costs significantly restrain the dairy enzyme market due to the complex nature of enzyme manufacturing processes. The production of dairy enzymes requires specialized equipment, facilities, and skilled personnel, contributing to high capital investment and operating expenses. Stringent quality control measures are also necessary to ensure the consistency and purity of enzyme products, further increasing production costs.

These expenses are often passed on to dairy producers and ultimately to consumers, making enzyme-treated dairy products potentially less competitive in the marketplace. The upfront costs associated with enzyme production may pose a challenge for small-scale dairy operations, thereby impeding their ability to adopt enzyme-based processing technologies. Moreover, the need for continuous research and development to innovate and improve enzyme formulations adds to ongoing expenses, making cost-effective production a critical challenge for companies in the dairy enzyme market.

Global Dairy Enzyme Market Opportunities:

Introduction of Novel Diary Enzymes

The key market players are introducing new and enhanced dairy enzymes. For instance, in November 2020, DSM introduced the Maxilact Super lactase enzyme, designed to facilitate the manufacturing process of dairy products free from lactose and reduced in sugar. The DSM approves Maxilact Super for all lactose-free dairy applications, such as milk, beverages, and yogurts. According to the manufacturer, the enzyme converts lactose "into its sweeter forms," thereby reducing the sugar content of products by up to 20%. DSM asserts that the enzyme can decrease production hydrolysis time by 33%, optimizing production efficiency.

Furthermore, DuPont Nutrition & Biosciences (DuPont) introduced Versilk in December 2020. This innovative enzyme is the most recent addition to DuPont's line, which assists beverage and yogurt manufacturers in attaining the most desirable texture and flavor profiles in high-protein yogurts, consumable dairy products, and other fermented beverages. Manufacturers can accomplish their label-friendly objectives, per DuPont, with the assistance of this native enzyme, a straightforward processing aid. Fortifying plant-based or dairy yogurt to increase its protein content may increase the final product's bitterness and thickness. This factor creates opportunities for market expansion.

Regional Analysis

Based on region, the global dairy enzyme market is bifurcated into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa.

North America Dominates the Global Market

North America is the most significant global dairy enzyme market shareholder and is expected to expand substantially during the forecast period. North America has been dominant regarding dairy enzyme consumption due to the presence of developed food processing industries and the early adoption of cutting-edge technology. The North American dairy market has a prominent consumer base with positive growth prospects due to the presence of a well-established dairy industry. As recent data from the USDA Economic Research Service (ERS) indicates, Americans consume more dairy products than in the past. Americans consumed approximately 655 pounds of dairy in 2020. In 2021, the per capita dairy consumption in the United States increased to 667 pounds. The most recent data, published in September 2022, show a continuous increase in dairy consumption since 1975 when the USDA started monitoring the yearly intake of milk, cheese, butter, and other dairy items. In 1975, the average dairy intake per person in the United States was 539 pounds.

Moreover, the increase in dairy sales in 2021 is due to the significant expansion of specific dairy products such as American cheese, butter, and yogurt. The U.S. per capita consumption of American cheese rose by 0.5 pounds, while butter and yogurt consumption climbed by 0.2 pounds and 0.7 pounds, respectively. Yogurt experienced its best growth rate in a decade in 2021, showing hopeful data. However, it had a very moderate growth rate of 2% during the past ten years. Thus, the high consumption of dairy products is estimated to drive the dairy enzyme market.

Furthermore, the key regional market players are launching new diary enzymes to cater to the growing dairy consumption. For instance, in June 2021, International Flavors & Fragrances Inc. (IFF) launched a new dairy enzyme called Nurica in the United States. Nurica, part of the Danisco food solutions line, utilizes lactose from milk to produce a significant amount of prebiotic galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) fibers. The substance decreases sugar and lactose levels while providing an appropriate sweetness and natural milk flavors. Consequently, all these factors foster regional market growth.

Asia-Pacific is forecasted to have the highest market growth rate owing to the huge consumption and production of dairy products. India is the second-largest milk-producing country in the world, accounting for 19% of global production. The FAO projects India to experience the most significant increase in milk production, surpassing the European Union to become the world's top milk producer with a 23% worldwide market share by 2026. Pakistan will follow India with an average annual growth rate of 3.4% and a worldwide market share of 6%. Developing countries are projected to use 67% of fresh dairy products, with the majority being consumed in Asia.

Furthermore, there has been a rise in the research for developing and discovering new enzymes. For instance, in July 2023, Researchers at UNSW found that milk-clotting enzymes from marine organisms could assist cheesemakers in satisfying the increasing cheese consumption. Associate Professor Jian Zhao from UNSW Sydney's School of Chemical Engineering discovered a seaweed species capable of producing cheese with significant caseinolytic activity. Consequently, all these factors augment the regional market growth.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
Segmentations
By Type
  1. Rennet
  2. Lactases
  3. Catalases
  4. Lipases
  5. Proteinases
  6. Peptidases
By Source
  1. Plant
  2. Animal 
  3. Microorganism
By Applications
  1. Milk
  2. Yogurt
  3. Cheese
  4. Whey
  5. Ice Cream and Dessert
  6. Infant formula
  7. Others
Company Profiles DSM N.V. Chr. Hansen Holding A/S Biocatalysts Limited Danisco A/S Novozymes A/S Kerry Group PLC. Advanced Enzyme Technologies Limited Amano Enzyme Inc. Connell Bros. Co. LLC SternEnzym GmbH Company KG
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Singapore Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global dairy enzyme market is segmented by type, source, and application.

Based on type, the global dairy enzyme market is divided into rennet, lactases, catalases, lipases, proteinases, and peptidases. 

The rennet segment dominates the global market. The lining of the fourth stomach in young ruminant animals, like goats, lambs, and calves, is typically where rennet is obtained. It is only found in young animals whose main food source is milk. It is also complex enzymes that cause milk to curdle. Hence, it is widely used in the dairy business to make different cheeses. Rennet can be found in plants like artichokes and nettles and animals like cardoon thistles. Moreover, Chymosin, a protease enzyme in rennet, coagulates milk by forcing the casein proteins to curdle. Casein is among the main proteins found in milk. The rennet enzyme allows casein molecules to bind, creating a network that leads to milk coagulation.

Based on source, the global dairy enzyme market is divided into plant, animal, and microorganism. 

The microorganism held the largest market share. Microorganisms serve as a significant source of dairy enzymes, with various bacteria, fungi, and yeast species utilized in enzyme production through fermentation processes. Bacteria such as Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus are commonly employed in dairy fermentation and are natural producers of enzymes like lactase, which breaks down lactose in milk.

Similarly, certain fungal species like Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus oryzae are known for producing enzymes such as proteases and lipases, which play crucial roles in cheese ripening and flavor development. Yeasts like Kluyveromyces lactis are also utilized in enzyme production, particularly for lactase production.

Microbial fermentation offers several advantages, including scalability, cost-effectiveness, and the ability to manipulate and optimize enzyme production through genetic engineering and fermentation process optimization. Thus, microorganisms are a valuable and versatile source of dairy enzymes, contributing significantly to the dairy industry's enzyme supply.

Based on application, the global dairy enzyme market is bifurcated into milk, yogurt, cheese, whey, ice cream and dessert, infant formula, and others. 

The cheese segment is estimated to own the highest market share. Dairy enzymes play a crucial role in cheese production by facilitating the coagulation and ripening processes. One of the most commonly used enzymes in cheese making is rennet, which contains the protease enzyme chymosin. Other enzymes, such as lipases and proteases, are used during the ripening phase of cheese making.

Lipases contribute to flavor development by breaking down fats into fatty acids and other compounds. At the same time, proteases help break down proteins, resulting in changes in texture and flavor during cheese aging. Thus, dairy enzymes play a crucial role in cheese production, influencing its texture, flavor, and overall quality. Moreover, there has been a rise in cheese consumption in recent years. For instance, in 2020, per capita cheese consumption in the United States was 40.2 pounds, a modest increase from previous years.

Market Size By Type

Market Size By Type
  • Rennet
  • Lactases
  • Catalases
  • Lipases
  • Proteinases
  • Peptidases
  • Recent Developments

    • December 2023- The global lactase enzyme business of Chr. Hansen Holding A/S and Novozymes A/S were acquired by Kerry Group Plc., a provider of taste and nutrition products.
    • December 2023- ADM agreed to acquire Revela Foods, a company specializing in developing and producing dairy flavoring ingredients and systems. Revela Foods uses enzyme technology to produce various dairy taste formulations for snacks, frozen meals, sauces, dressings, soups, seasonings, and desserts. The company has around 400 employees and runs three production facilities in the Midwest.

    Key Players

    Dairy Enzyme Market Share of Key Players

    Dairy Enzyme Market Share of Key Players
    DSM N.V. Chr. Hansen Holding A/S Biocatalysts Limited Danisco A/S Novozymes A/S Kerry Group PLC. Advanced Enzyme Technologies Limited Amano Enzyme Inc. Connell Bros. Co. LLC SternEnzym GmbH Company KG Others

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    What is the growth rate for the Dairy Enzyme Market?
    Dairy Enzyme Market size will grow at approx. CAGR of 7.2% during the forecast period.
    Some of the top industry players in the Market are, DSM N.V. (Netherlands), Chr. Hansen Holding A/S (Denmark), Biocatalysts Limited (U.K.), Danisco A/S (U.S.), Novozymes A/S (Denmark), Kerry Group PLC. (Republic of Ireland), Advanced Enzyme Technologies Limited (India), Amano Enzyme Inc. (Japan), Connell Bros. Co. LLC (U.S), SternEnzym GmbH and Company KG (Germany)., etc.
    In the Market, North America has established itself as the market leader with a significant market share.
    The Asia Pacific region has experienced the highest growth rate in the Market.
    The global Market report is segmented as follows: By Type, By Source, By Application


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