Dialysis machines are used to filter patients’ blood in a number of situations, including kidney damage, kidney failure, kidney dysfunction, and removing excess waste and impurities from the kidneys.
The dialysis machine market was valued at USD 15,033.6 million in 2019 and is expected to grow with a CAGR of 4.4%.
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The geriatric population is highly susceptible to end-stage renal disorders (ESRD) and many in the age group require regular dialysis treatment. Kidney disease is now recognized as an endemic problem, affecting more than 850 million people across the globe. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects nearly 15% of U.S. adults, which is about 37 million people.
As per the 2017 World Population Prospects data assembled by the United Nations, the geriatric population is projected to reach about 2.1 billion by 2050. Also, as per a 2018 study conducted by the University of California San Francisco, globally, about two million people suffer from the end-stage renal disorder (ESRD), further prompting the need for fast and efficient dialysis machines.
Increasing incidences of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension, are subsequently rising the risk of acute kidney injury. As per the National Diabetes Statistics Report by CDC, about 30.3 million people in the U.S. suffered from diabetes in 2017, accounting for about 9.4% of the total population. Sedentary lifestyle is one of the prime reasons responsible for the increasing incidence of kidney diseases across the globe. In underdeveloped countries, low healthcare expenditure and expensive dialysis machines hinder the market growth. In line with this, manufacturers are actively working to offer cost-effective, rapid, and accurate dialysis machines.
Advancement in the production of nanotechnology, combined with miniaturization, allows the rapid creation of portable medical devices, such as wearable dialysis machines. Wearable dialysis machines, also known as wearable artificial kidneys, are disassembled dialysis machines with separate parts attached to a belt that can be worn around the torso.
Currently, in the U.S., several portable dialysis machines are undergoing clinical trials and projected to be available commercially in the coming years. Leading market players are continuously working to develop a portable dialysis machine that can be easily used at home. Portable dialysis machines are designed primarily for home use, and their easy availability and adoption can reduce the global burden of end-stage renal disorders. Recently, NxStage Medical Inc. developed the System One portable dialysis machine that can be carried on a flight.
The hemodialysis equipment segment is projected to witness exponential growth during the forecast period on account of the rising prevalence of terminal kidney failure. Hemodialysis is used to filter waste and water from the blood. The segment is largely driven by rapid product development by prominent players. Increasing accessibility of HD centers, rising number of community dialysis centers, surging awareness about HD administration, and favorable reimbursement policies foster the segment growth. Apart from this, acceptance of hemodialysis therapy over peritoneal dialysis among CKD and ESRD patients also drives the segment growth.
Surging number of private and public dialysis centers is increasing the demand for renal dialysis machines. The segment is primarily driven by new product launches, easy availability of skilled healthcare professionals, and presence of favorable reimbursement policies. Recently, Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co. KGaA announced plansto launch eight new centers in collaboration with John Hopkins Hospital in 2017.
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Asia-Pacific dominates the dialysis machine market as the region is witnessing unmet medical needs of patients with ESRD due to lack of accessibility in remote regions. As per the studies conducted by the International Society of Nephrology, the prevalence of chronic kidney disorder (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing at concerning rate in India, China, and Southeast Asia, further prompting the demand for dialysis machines across the region.
To date, kidney transplant is an unpopular procedure in India, further increasing the number of patients on hemodialysis. Increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and obesity is subsequently increasing the chances of ESRD. Thus, the unavailability of proper healthcare services, rising healthcare expenditure, and increasing geriatric population drive the regional market growth.
Several healthcare companies are actively working to develop affordable dialysis machines, fulfilling the vital function of the treatment. The George Institute of Global Health in Australia recently won an award for the development of the world's first affordable dialysis machine that uses only a solar panel, water purifier, and care station.
North America holds a significant share in the dialysis machines market as the region is backed by the presence of well-developed healthcare infrastructure and supportive reimbursement policies. Moreover, increasing awareness regarding the benefits of dialysis and easy availability of these machines foster the regional market growth.
Prominent players in the region are continuously working to develop portable dialysis machines that can be easily used at home. For instance, Outset Medical Inc, a healthcare firm based in the U.S., recently modernized and developed Tablo that incorporates the newest technology. The treatment data can be easily transmitted to cloud storage via wireless connectivity integrated with the machine, while table sensors fitted into the machine facilitates process setting by automation and enables faster real-time dialysis.