The global ear infection treatment market size was valued at USD 11,773.10 million in 2022. It is projected to reach USD 18,819.22 million by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 5.35% during the forecast period (2023-2031).
An ear infection happens when a bacterial or viral infection affects the inner, middle, or outer ear. Ear infections can be agonizing due to the swelling and fluid accumulation in the ear. Acute ear infections may cause slight ear pain and discomfort. Chronic cases, however, can cause intense pain, dizziness, fluid pouring from the ear, migraines, and in some cases, hearing loss. When the smoke from burning cigarettes and smoke exhaled by a smoker are combined, the amount of dangerous airborne particles, such as those containing nicotine and other substances, rises. This increases the likelihood of ear infections by hastening the growth of bacteria in these households.
Growing Impact of Ear Infection
Inflammation of the inner, middle, and outer ear that frequently includes infection is referred to as an ear infection. A bacterium/virus in the middle ear causes an ear infection, which often follows a cold, the flu, or an allergy that swells and congests the nasal passages, throat, and eustachian tubes. Global ear infection rates are rising, which will help the market growth since it will result in higher sales of pharmaceuticals and more ear procedures to treat patients. Otitis media is a widespread condition that affects over 700 million people worldwide annually, or 11% of the world's population, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Most cases involve children, who account for more than half of all cases, and this condition drives the market.
According to the same source, more than 7 million children annually who suffer from acute otitis media go on to acquire chronic suppurative otitis media, which is projected to fuel market expansion further. Elderly individuals can still get ear infections, even though toddlers get them more frequently than elders. Thus, the growth in the elderly population will result in higher sales of ear infection medications.
Surgical Procedures with High Cost and Complications
The factors limiting the study market's growth include the high cost of ear infection treatment and surgical procedure problems related to ear infections. The mastoid air cells, or air bubbles close to the inner ears, are removed during a mastoidectomy treatment. A myringotomy is a surgical technique in which an incision is produced in the eardrum to drain pus from the middle ear or relieve pressure from excess fluid accumulation. According to a 2019 study titled "Cost and efficiency of myringotomy procedures in minor procedure rooms compared to operating rooms," minor pediatric surgeries performed in operating rooms are more expensive than those achieved in minor procedure rooms. Bilateral myringotomies with tube insertions are also more costly and time-consuming when carried out in an operating room.
More Cigarette Smoke Exposure
Smoke from burning tobacco items, such as cigarettes, cigars, or pipes, and the smoke breathed by smokers are combined to create secondhand smoke, also known as ambient tobacco smoke, secondhand smoke (ETS). One of the significant factors fueling the market's expansion is people's increased exposure to cigarette smoke. Smoking impairs the immune system and harms the tissues in the throat and nose, making them more prone to infections that also affect the ears. According to a study titled "Effects of cigarette smoke on Haemophilus influenzae-induced otitis media in a rat model," smoking cigarettes can directly affect the eustachian tube and middle ear mucosa, which can make bacterial otitis media more severe and cause it to heal more slowly in people.
The global ear infection treatment industry is segmented by infection, cause, and type.
Based on infection, the global ear infection treatment market is bifurcated into inner ear infection, middle ear infection, and outer ear infection.
The middle ear infection segment is the highest contributor to the market and is estimated to boost at a CAGR of 5.90% during the forecast period. An infection of the mid ear, which is air-filled behind the eardrum and home to the tiny vibrating bones of the ear, is known as acute otitis media (AOM). Children experience ear infections more frequently than adults do. According to a 2021 study titled "Ear Tubes or Antibiotics for Repeat Infections in Children," ear infections are one of the most prevalent illnesses among children in the United States. They develop when bacteria or viruses infect the middle ear, a region behind the eardrum.
Labyrinthitis, an infection of the inner ear, is an inflammation of the labyrinth, the portion of the ear that controls balance and hearing. A virus or bacteria are less frequently the cause of an inner ear infection. Dizziness, a spinning sensation, nausea, vomiting, issues with balance or walking, hearing loss, ear discomfort, and tinnitus are all signs of an inner ear infection. Certain inner ear areas may become inflamed due to internal ear infections. Certain infections may impact the hearing and balance of a person. They frequently happen when someone has a cold, the flu, or an infection in the middle ear that spreads to the inner ear. Labyrinthitis and vestibular neuritis are two different types of internal ear infections.
An outer ear canal infection, which extends from the eardrum to the exterior of the skull, is known as otitis externa. It frequently results from water that remains in the ear after swimming. This produces a damp environment that encourages the growth of bacteria or fungi. Redness in the outer ear and warmth and pain are the primary signs of an outer ear infection. The most typical treatment for an outer ear infection that hasn't resolved on its own is antibiotic eardrops. Infection of the external ears, often known as swimmer's ears, is treated with steroids, an acidic solution for cleaning the ear, antibiotics, and antifungal drugs.
Based on the cause, the global ear infection treatment market is bifurcated into viral and bacterial infections.
The bacterial infection segment is the highest contributor to the market and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 5.65% during the forecast period. An outbreak of a dangerous type of bacteria on or within the body is a bacterial infection. Any part of the body can get infected by bacteria. Acute otitis media, in particular, is caused by bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), Hemophilus influenzae, Pseudomonas, and Moraxella in roughly 85% of cases. Department of Health of the Australian Government stated in 2020 that Streptococcus pneumoniae, also referred to as pneumococcus, is the bacterium that causes pneumococcal illness.
Viral infection describes an ear infection brought on by a virus in the ear. A virus is a specific infectious agent typically consisting of a nucleic acid molecule encased in a protein coat. This type of infectious agent is so small that it cannot be seen with the naked eye/even with a light microscope, and it can only replicate within the living cells of a host. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and flu (influenza) viruses are typical viruses that cause middle ear infections. The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases estimates for the year 2020. By the time they become two years old, almost all children in the US have contracted RSV, and 75,000 to 125,000 end up in hospitals each year.
Based on application, the global ear infection treatment market is bifurcated into medication and surgery.
The medication segment owns the highest market share and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 5.20% during the forecast period. A particular class of antimicrobial agents that works against bacteria is an antibiotic. Antibiotic drugs are frequently employed in treating and preventing bacterial infections because they are the most effective antibacterial agent. Bacteria may be killed or have their growth suppressed. Analgesics, generally known as painkillers, are pharmaceuticals that treat various kinds of pain. Anti-inflammatory analgesics, which lessen inflammation, and opioid analgesics, which alter how the brain interprets pain, are examples of analgesics. Middle ear infections can produce ear pain and swelling, treated with antipyrine and benzocaine otic. An antiviral is a medication or method of treatment that works well against viruses.
Surgery is the area of medicine that physically removes, fixes, or readjusts organs and tissues, frequently by making incisions into the body, to cure wounds, illnesses, and abnormalities. Surgery might be necessary for chronic middle ear infections that persist for three months or more, worsen, or negatively affect the quality of life. Tympanoplasty with mastoidectomy is the sole procedure for treating chronic otitis media and cholesteatoma. Transcranial endoscopic ear surgery (TEES) led to the successful healing of eardrums in 96.2% of cases. In comparison, microscopic ear surgery (MES) resulted in successful recovery in 92% of cases, according to a 2018 "A retrospective comparative study of endoscopic and microscopic Tympanoplasty."
The global ear infection treatment market is divided into four regions: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.
North America is the major revenue contributor and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.40% during the forecast period. The rising incidence of ear infections in the US, the increasing behavioral risk factors for smoking, and the rising number of ear infection treatment product launch all contribute to the growth of the ear infection treatment market. Otitis media is most frequently encountered in children between the ages of 6 and 24 months, according to the report "Acute Otitis Media," issued in March 2021. Over 80% of all kids will get otitis media at some point in their lives, and between 80% and 90% of kids will get otitis media with an effusion before they start school.
Europe is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.80% during the forecast period. The growing prevalence of ear infections in the nation, rising healthcare costs, and more research and development are all contributing to the growth of the German pharmaceutical business. The country had 421 cases of nasopharyngeal cancer in 2020, and Globocan 2020 projects that number to rise to 440 cases by 2040, propelling the market. More than 90% of cases of otitis externa in Germany, according to a National Center for Biotechnology Information report from April 2019, are caused by bacteria, most frequently Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Infection with several microbes is frequent. Chronic otitis externa is more regularly brought on by fungi, which are rare causes of acute otitis externa.
The Chinese ear infection treatment market is significantly impacted by the high prevalence of ear infections in China, improving ear infection-friendly settings, and government actions to support the industry. The lifetime-ever incidence rate of an ear infection among children aged 0–8 in the Tianjin area was 11.6%, and perceived dry air had the strongest association with an ear infection, with a population attributable fraction of 34.5%, according to the report "Children's Respiratory Infections in Tianjin Area, China: Associations with Home Environments and Lifestyles," published in June 2020. As a result, the country's high incidence of ear infections will fuel the market under study over the forecast period.
Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, and Oman make up the GCC. The industry is anticipated to be driven by the rising incidence of ear infections and loss and increased government efforts. Saudi Arabians are generally aware of ear health and how to treat hearing loss. But according to a 2019 study by Khalid A. Alshehri et al., there is a need for more inclusive educational resources for both the general public and those who are hard of hearing and their families. Additionally, the growing emphasis on creating a comprehensive national screening program is anticipated to significantly aid in the early detection and management of hearing loss, pushing the market for ear infection therapy.
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