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Enzyme Replacement Therapy Market

Enzyme Replacement Therapy Market: Information by Product (Agalsidase Beta, Imiglucerase, Velaglucerase Alfa), Disease (Gaucher Disease, Mucopolysaccharidosis, (EPI)), End-User (Hospitals and Infusion Centers), and Regions—Forecast Till 2031

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Market Overview

The global enzyme replacement therapy market size was valued at USD 8.57 billion in 2022. It is projected to reach USD 17.06 billion by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 8.98% during the forecast period (2023-2031).

Enzyme replacement therapy is a type of medical care in which a missing or deficient enzyme in the body is replaced. This procedure is typically carried out by administering an intravenous (IV) infusion of an enzyme-containing solution to the patient. Enzyme Replacement Therapy (ERT) is a medical procedure that treats people with specific genetic illnesses by substituting any lacking or insufficient enzymes. The primary conditions ERT treats are lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), a group of rare hereditary metabolic diseases characterized by chemical buildup inside cells because of enzyme deficiencies. Recombinant enzymes are administered intravenously as part of ERT to replace the missing or insufficient enzyme. The enzyme specifically targets and breaks down the chemicals that are building up, reducing their concentrations and accelerating the onset of symptoms and disease.


  • Agalsidase beta dominates the product segment.
  • Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency dominates the disease segment.
  • Homecare settings and infusion centers dominate the end-user segment.
  • North America is the most significant shareholder in the global market.


Market Snapshot

market snapshot
Base Year
: 2022
Study Period
: 2021-2031
: 8.98 %
Fastest Growing Market
: Europe
Largest Market
: North America
Market Size
: USD 17.06 billion by 2031
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Market Dynamics

Global Enzyme Replacement Therapy Market Drivers

Shift of Patients to Homecare Settings due to Cost-effectiveness and Better Quality of Life

Patients with lysosomal storage diseases more frequently receive care at home than hospitals. For instance, an Environmental Research and Public Health study revealed that 80% of the patients polled in Poland preferred receiving care from a qualified nurse at home. Most patients are reportedly willing to switch from hospital care to home settings for treatment because of the latter's safety, efficacy, and higher quality of life. Additionally, the rise of COVID-19 has contributed significantly to the growing trend of home care settings. A Galenos Publishing House survey analysis found that 89% of respondents sought home care therapy during the pandemic because they feared contracting the disease in hospital settings. Homecare treatment's particular benefits, including its comfort, cost-effectiveness, and risk-free environment, drive the pandemic's migration of patients toward these settings. Such factors drive market growth.

Increasing Prevalence of Rare Diseases

The prevalence of several lysosomal storage disorders, such as Gaucher, Fabry, Pompe, and MPS, is gradually rising globally. For instance, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke reported in August 2021 that there were approximately 32,950 cases of Pompe disease in the United States or 1 in 40,000 people. The National Fabry Foundation also estimates there were around 7,713 Fabry patients in the United States as of May 2020. Therefore, there is a greater demand for effective treatment alternatives, such as enzyme replacement therapy, due to a large patient pool with uncommon lysosomal storage disorders. A progressive increase in the diagnosis rate of uncommon diseases is also a result of growing efforts by governments and non-profit groups in various nations to raise public awareness. As a result, these crucial elements, as well as favorable reimbursement policies and government support for medical care in developed nations, are increasing the rate of this therapy's adoption and propelling the market's expansion over the forecast period.

Global Enzyme Replacement Therapy Market Restraint

High Cost of Treatment

Positive reimbursement policies available in industrialized nations and the increased occurrence of uncommon illnesses are key drivers of market expansion. However, the market expansion is constrained by several problems, including a shortage of qualified healthcare technicians for this therapy and inadequate reimbursement policies in developing nations. For instance, the National Gaucher Foundation estimates that the average annual expenditure for one patient with Gaucher disease is about USD 0.2 million. A considerable delay was seen between the commencement and initiation of the ERT process symptoms in the afflicted population in Brazil, according to a report by Elsevier B.V. The absence of insurance coverage in this nation mostly brought on this delay.

Also, there is a stronger demand for alternative therapies than ERT procedures due to the availability of these therapies, such as chaperone therapy, in which pharmacological chaperones can effectively pass the human body's blood-brain barrier. The aforementioned problems and several adverse effects, such as pyrexia, flushing, dyspnea, and others within the first 1-4 months of treatment, further restrain the global market growth for enzyme replacement therapy.

Global Enzyme Replacement Therapy Market Opportunities

Wide Product Offerings by Key Players

A select group of well-known companies like BioMarin, Sanofi, AbbVie Inc., and Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited dominate the industry. One of the main factors influencing these companies' dominance in the industry is their great emphasis on partnerships and acquisitions with other large market players to broaden the product's reach internationally. For instance, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited stated in September 2021 that it had entered into a partnership and collaboration agreement with JCR Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd. to commercialize JR-141 outside of the United States to treat Hunter syndrome.

On the other hand, up-and-coming firms like Clinigen Group plc, TEIJIN LIMITED, and others are continually concentrating on new product introductions for various therapeutic diseases. Additionally, they are helping to meet the growing demand for the treatment of lysosomal storage disorders in both developed and emerging nations by placing a major emphasis on getting marketing approval from regulatory authorities. For instance, in May 2019, TEIJIN LIMITED introduced Revcovi 2.4 mg, intending to treat Adenosine Deaminase (ADA) Deficiency via Parenteral Dosage.


Segmental Analysis

The global enzyme replacement therapy market is segmented into product, disease, and end-user.

Based on the product, the global enzyme replacement therapy market is bifurcated into Agalsidase Beta, Imiglucerase, Velaglucerase Alfa, Idursulfase, Galsulfase, Laronidase, and others.

The Agalsidase beta segment dominates the global market and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 8.23% over the forecast period. This is due to the rising prevalence of chronic and fatal lysosomal storage diseases. Lysosomal storage disorders, such as Fabry, are extremely rare X-linked diseases. Fabry disease is being treated with Algasidase Alfa, a recombinant version of human a-galactosidase (AGAL). This enzyme is produced under Replagal by the Shire, a Takeda Pharmaceutical Company affiliate. Replagal has been given the go-ahead for marketing and manufacturing in Canada, the UK, and other European nations.

In addition, the study published in JIMD in 2019 found that Fabry disease is more common in people receiving dialysis. The Fabry disease has been identified in 1.2% of dialysis patients worldwide. Due to the rising frequency of Fabry disease, treatment is now necessary, which is anticipated to drive growth in the market for enzyme replacement therapy in the algasidase alfa segment.

Based on the disease, the global enzyme replacement therapy market is split into Gaucher disease, Fabry disease, Pompe disease, mucopolysaccharidosis, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI), and others.

The exocrine pancreatic insufficiency segment held the largest market share of 37.12% in 2022 due to the rising prevalence of this illness among the general population. Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency is another factor contributing to the rise in this disease's patient population among those with cystic fibrosis and chronic pancreatitis. This, in turn, contributes to this segment's supremacy.

In contrast, the other category is anticipated to experience the largest CAGR growth over the forecast period due to the advent of novel, rare genetic and lysosomal illnesses for which ERT is the only treatment of choice. For instance, the only available treatment for Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 2 disease is Brineura, an enzyme replacement therapy, according to a National Center for Biotechnology Information article from November 2019.

Based on end-user, the global enzyme replacement therapy market is categorized into hospitals and infusion centers and home healthcare settings.

The homecare settings and infusion centers segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR of 7.11% over the forecast period. This is due to patients with rare diseases' preference to transition from hospitals to these settings. The COVID-19 pandemic encourages patients to receive care at home by providing the necessary training to take the medications independently, driving the market growth during the forecast period.

On the other hand, the hospital segment is anticipated to expand at a high CAGR because of the rise in hospitals in developing nations, the development of infusion therapy technology, and the accessibility of qualified healthcare workers for patient monitoring continuously.


Regional Analysis

North America Dominates the Global Market

Based on region, the global enzyme replacement therapy market is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.

North America is the most significant global enzyme replacement therapy market shareholder and is expected to grow substantially over the forecast period. North America is expected to hold a major market share of 40.84% due to actions taken by the government and other organizations on the treatment of rare diseases. For instance, the National Institutes of Health funded over USD 31 million to 20 teams in 2019—including five new groups of researchers, doctors, patients, and families—to study rare diseases. The data coordination centers have given an additional USD 7 million to support the research initiatives. Additionally, one of the National Institute of Health's institutions, the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), is completely focused on treating people with rare diseases. The use of enzyme replacement treatment in North America is also anticipated to increase due to the greater prevalence of uncommon disorders. Approximately 25 to 35 million Americans currently suffer from rare diseases, according to the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD).

Europe held the second-largest market share worldwide. Favorable reimbursement practices in a few European nations for several uncommon lysosomal illnesses, including Gaucher disease, MPS, and others, are principally responsible for the rise. For instance, a patient received the first reimbursement in ERT for Fabry disease under the Polish National Health Fund's national drug program in 2019, according to F1000 Research Ltd. The market in this region is expanding due to the rapid development of the healthcare infrastructure and the rising demand for treatments for uncommon diseases. During the projection period, Asia Pacific is anticipated to develop at a considerable CAGR. Growing patient populations with uncommon disorders and increased government and other private organization efforts to raise knowledge of this therapy are boosting demand and adoption among the general public and propelling the market's expansion.


Enzyme Replacement Therapy Market Regional Analysis
Regional Growth Insights Download Free Sample

Top Key Players of Enzyme Replacement Therapy Market

  1. Abbvie Inc.
  2. Astrazeneca Plc
  3. BioMarin Pharmaceutical In
  4. Chiesi Farmaceutici S.P.A.
  5. Digestive Care Inc.
  6. Leadiant Biosciences Inc.
  7. Nestle Health Science
  8. Pfizer Inc.
  9. Sanofi
  10. Takeda Pharmaceuticals

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
CAGR 8.98%
Forecast Period 2023-2031
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
Segments Covered
  1. By Product
    1. Agalsidase Beta
    2. Imiglucerase
    3. Velaglucerase Alfa
    4. Idursulfase
    5. Galsulfase
    6. Laronidase
    7. Others
  2. By Disease
    1. Gaucher Disease
    2. Fabry Disease
    3. Pompe Disease
    4. Mucopolysaccharidosis
    5. Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI)
    6. Others
  3. By End-User
    1. Hospitals
    2. Infusion Centers and Home Healthcare Setting
Geographies Covered
  • North America
  • Europe
  • APAC
  • Middle East and Africa

Recent Developments

By Product

  • Agalsidase Beta
  • Imiglucerase
  • Velaglucerase Alfa
  • Idursulfase
  • Galsulfase
  • Laronidase
  • Others

By Disease

  • Gaucher Disease
  • Fabry Disease
  • Pompe Disease
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis
  • Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI)
  • Others

By End-User

  • Hospitals
  • Infusion Centers and Home Healthcare Setting

By Regions

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific

Enzyme Replacement Therapy Market Segmentations

By Product

  • Agalsidase Beta
  • Imiglucerase
  • Velaglucerase Alfa
  • Idursulfase
  • Galsulfase
  • Laronidase
  • Others

By Disease

  • Gaucher Disease
  • Fabry Disease
  • Pompe Disease
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis
  • Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI)
  • Others

By End-User

  • Hospitals
  • Infusion Centers and Home Healthcare Setting

By Regions

  • North America
  • Europe
  • APAC
  • Middle East and Africa

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How big is the enzyme replacement therapy market?
The global enzyme replacement therapy market size was valued at USD 8.57 billion in 2022. It is projected to reach USD 17.06 billion by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 8.98% during the forecast period (2023-2031).
Europe has the highest growth in the global market.
Key verticals adopting the market include: Abbvie Inc., Astrazeneca Plc, BioMarin Pharmaceutical In, Chiesi Farmaceutici S.P.A., Digestive Care, Inc., Leadiant Biosciences, Inc., Nestle Health Science, Pfizer Inc., Sanofi, Takeda Pharmaceuticals, and others.
Shift of patients to homecare settings due to cost-effectiveness and better quality of life are the key drivers for the growth of the global market.
Wide product offerings by key players is one of the upcoming key trends in the global market.
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