The global fire-rated doors market size was valued at USD 45.40 billion in 2022 and is projected to reach USD 73.50 billion by 2031, with a CAGR of 5.5 % during the forecast period (2023–2031).
A fire door is a door with a fire-resistance rating that is used as a passive fire protection system to reduce the spread of smoke and fire between various structures or building compartments and allow for safe egress. Some of these doors are held open by electromagnets that are wired to an alarm system, while others are designed to be open under normal conditions and close automatically in the event of a fire.
The fire-rated doors are resistant to fire for 20 minutes to around 3 hours, depending on the type of material used. The fire-rated doors are used to prevent the spread of fire on the premises of property or buildings. They have been widely used in both residential as well as non-residential sectors. These doors are made using a variety of materials, such as wood, steel, metal, and glass, among others. Fire-rated doors are made of materials such as wood, metal, glass, and others. Steel fire doors are robust in nature, have a superior aesthetic, are durable, easily customizable, and provide increased precision.
The market growth for construction products such as doors and entrance systems is highly dependent on residential and commercial construction investments. The demand for the construction of residential buildings and commercial complexes is on the rise owing to the increase in disposable income of individuals and new product launches. In addition, in the past few years, the government has formulated initiatives to design, build, and operate structures following the green building concept, in which the total energy utilized by the building annually is approximately equal to the renewable energy generated on-site. The growth in the residential and commercial construction sector has positively impacted the market growth and is expected to further fuel the demand for doors.
One of the driving factors of the doors market is increased investment in interior design. Homeowners, office owners, and proprietors globally hire interior designers to plan, design, and supervise the interiors of their construction projects. They have been focusing on renovating their houses and offices corresponding to their own functional needs, style preferences, and finances. In addition, the rise in consumer spending on home remodeling globally has driven market growth in recent years. The annual growth in homeowner remodeling expenditure was over 7% in 2018. Hence, an increase in expenditure on home remodeling, with a visible focus on replacements of doors, is expected to supplement the market growth.
High initial costs are one of the major challenges restraining the automatic door market growth. In addition, the predictive maintenance technique utilizes the data collected in real-time through detection or optical sensors installed in the automatic doors and subsequently analyzes it for predictive maintenance. In addition, continuous up-gradation of software and application programs to improve the overall performance of automatic doors involves high costs, thereby restricting their usage. Moreover, the lack of skilled operators and technicians for the maintenance and service of automatic doors restrains the growth of the market among fast-emerging economies and price-sensitive markets.
Doors are majorly made up of raw materials such as wood, metal, glass, plastic, and others. Raw materials prices have been fluctuating for the past few years owing to a range of economic and speculative aspects. Government-led stringent laws, tariffs, and regulations against deforestation, metals, and other materials used in doors have declined the revenues and profits of the manufacturers to a great extent. Hence, the unstable and rising prices of wood and other materials are anticipated to restrict the doors industry growth during the forecast period.
Safety and security are the major concerns in the residential and commercial sectors, which has increased the deployment of systems such as voice-activated devices, video intercom systems, and smart outlets in homes. This factor is a substantial contributor to the growth of the automatic door market. In addition, intense competition has been witnessed between start-ups and large corporations, owing to the profitability of automatic door systems.
The government has taken several initiatives associated with infrastructure progress. Augmented investment in the real estate sector propels the demand for the doors market in infrastructural projects across numerous sectors. In 2016, the Government of Canada implemented The Investing in Canada plan, which is a comprehensive, enduring plan for building an affluent and comprehensive country through historic infrastructure investments. Through the 12 years of the Investing in Canada plan, the Government of Canada is expected to invest more than USD 180 billion in five areas that include public transit projects, green infrastructure projects, social infrastructure, trade and transportation projects, and infrastructure projects; thereby, doubling the current federal funding.
The global fire-rated doors market is segmented based on material, mechanism and end-user.
Based on material, the market is segmented into wood, glass, metal, and others.
Wood is a fibrous and porous structural tissue found in the stems and roots of trees and other woody plants. It is a natural resource and can be fabricated in all sizes and shapes. Wood as a material is environmentally sustainable, biodegradable, and renewable in nature. In addition, it is a preferred material for making fire-rated doors, owing to its features such as thermal insulation, high strength, low cost, and easily available.
Glass fire doors possess features such as high-temperature tolerance, glazing properties, toughness, and others. Fire-rated glass doors have a fire and heat resistance capacity of 30 minutes to 120 minutes. Glass fire doors are suitable for residences, restaurants, workplaces, big retail outlets, airports, and other projects.
Metal doors possess features such as durability, heat resistance, lightweight, and fire-resistant, and enhance the architecture of the building. In addition, they require minimum maintenance and have notably longer product lives in comparison to other materials. Moreover, a rise in commercial and residential building investments, such as developments in homes, hotels, malls, shopping centers, and apartment buildings, is anticipated to provide lucrative opportunities for market growth.
By mechanism, the market is segmented into swinging, sliding, hinged, and others.
Swinging doors can open in either direction or then close by themselves. Single-panel and double-panel doors are commonly available mechanisms of swing doors, which are best suited for applications in the commercial sector, such as in restaurants, hotels, shopping malls, and others. Similarly, swinging doors have applications in the residential sector, such as at homes, residential dwellings, and others.
Sliding doors are parallel to the wall and are opened horizontally by a sliding mechanism. They are opened and closed by slipping sideways instead of swinging on hinges. Single and double-leaf doors are commonly available mechanisms of sliding doors. The sliding doors have features such as safety, security, energy efficiency, and others. These doors consist of features such as thermal insulation, high corrosion control, and high durability.
Folding doors, popularly known as bifold doors, open by folding back in sections or panels and are used as internal or external room dividers. They encompass the folding mechanism of doors employing multiple hinges applied through several panels that result in doors that co-exist as a door-wall system. In addition, these doors provide enough insulation without compromising the inner temperature of the infrastructure or building.
Based on end users, the market is segmented into residential and non-residential.
Fire-rated doors are used in residential buildings such as domestic dwellings, garages, and multi-family homes. They consist of 30 minutes fire-resistant capacity and are commonly used in residential areas. The fire-rated doors made from solid core construction are widely used in residential areas, owing to their features such as heaviness and thickness.
Fire-rated doors are used in commercial sectors such as restaurants, big retail outlets, airports, offices, electrical substations, swimming pools, and other projects. Fire-rated doors in commercial areas act as a passive fire protection system. Non-residential fire-rated doors are made from materials such as steel, wood, and other composite materials. An increase in commercial construction activities and repair drives the growth of the fire-rated doors market.
The global market for Fire-Rated Doors has been segmented based on geography into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and LAMEA.
The North American fire-rated doors market is analyzed across the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. The fire-rated doors market in North America is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 5.9% from 2023 to 2031. An increase in the demand for automatic fire-rated doors in commercial improvement and repair is expected to fuel the growth of the market in the U.S. Furthermore, enhanced building safety and security is also anticipated to drive the market growth in the U.S. Homeowners are not only indulging in renovation projects but are also captivating on discretionary home improvement projects. Consumer expenditure on home improvement per household increased by 17% in 2018, a noteworthy part of that growth results from an upsurge in discretionary "want-to-have" projects. Moreover, the significant increase in the demand for automatic fire-rated doors in commercial improvement and repair services is also expected to fuel the growth of the market in the U.S. Easy nailing, planking, and recent trends of using innovative technologies in fire doors boost the growth of the market.
Europe is the largest market for fire-rated doors and is expected to grow throughout the forecast period. The fire-rated doors market in Europe is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 5.7% from 2023 to 2031. Germany accounted for the major share of this market in 2021. According to European Construction Sector Observatory (Country profile Germany), the overview for the construction sector in Germany is strong, compelled by a flourishing housing market and positive progress for all market segments such as construction, manufacturing, and others, and the overall turnover growth of the industry is expected to be 4.8 % in 2021. High adoption of advanced technology, along with an increase in construction spending on commercial buildings is expected to boost the market growth.
Asia-Pacific holds the highest position in the global fire-rated doors market. China accounted for a major share of this market in 2021, and India is expected to experience rapid growth during the forecast period. In addition, developing economies, such as China, India, and Indonesia, are expected to support market expansion due to an increase in demand for residential construction. The rapid urbanization and presence of a large population contribute toward the growth of the fire-rated doors market in Asia-Pacific. Furthermore, an increase in consumer awareness regarding safety measures and product properties propels the growth of the fire-rated doors market.
Agta record ltd., American Automatic Doors, Inc., ASSA ABLOY Group, Dormakaba Holding AG, FAAC S.p.A. Soc Unipersonale, GEZE GmbH, Gilgen Door Systems AG, Godrej Security Solutions, GRAUTHOFF Türgruppe GmbH, Griffon Corporation Inc., Gretsch--Unitas GmbH, Horton Automatics, Jansen Holding GmbH, JELD-WEN Holding, Inc., KONE Corporation, LABEL S.p.a., Lindner Group KG, MANUSA GEST, Nabtesco Corporation, Neuform-Türwerk Hans Glock GmbH and Co.KG, Royal Boon Edam International B.V., ReinaerdtTür GmbH, Sanwa Holdings Corporation, SchörghuberSpezialtüren KG, STANLEY Access Technologies LLC, TORMAX
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