The global piping system and piping spools market size was valued at USD 5,267.11 million in 2021. It is projected to reach USD 7,847.674 million by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 4.53% during the forecast period (2022–2030). A piping system consists of a network of pipes, valves, and fittings for transferring fluids such as water, chemicals, oils, etc. A pipe spool is a piping system component; bolts and flanges can be used to connect pipe spools. Most pipe spools are put together with parts like flanges, pipe, fittings, and others. Pipe spools are made by putting together valves, flanges, and elbows in several ways. Most of the time, gauges, hoists, and other tools are used to put together pre-mounted piping spools. Pipeline spools are used in power plants, chemical, and oil and gas industries. The demand for piping systems and piping spools is likely to be affected by more money going into oil and gas refinery projects and the growth of the pharmaceuticals, shipbuilding, and marine industries.
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Growing Exploration and Drilling Activities for Oil around the Globe
The increasing global demand for fossil fuels is one of the primary factors driving the expansion of the global piping system and piping spools market. The increased demand for fossil fuel or oil due to increased exploration and drilling activities in the oil and gas industries, increasing demand for more pipe spools, is expected to drive the market growth. Many oil companies and governments are also focusing on new oil and gas exploration and drilling to remain ahead of the competition and meet the growing oil demand worldwide.
Rising Use of Pipes and Fittings in End Applications
The market expansion is forecasted to be driven by the rising demand for piping spools from end-user industries such as the chemical and energy sectors. Demand for piping spools is predicted to rise alongside the global increase in the construction of power plants. Significant players in industrial projects provide pipe spool fabrication services. For example, COOEC-Fluor Corporation, a joint venture of Fluor Corporation, announced that it would make products for Kuwait Integrated Petroleum Industries Company (KIPIC) in Kuwait. All these elements should contribute to expanding the worldwide market for piping systems and piping spools.
Fluctuation in Raw Material Prices
Piping spool manufacturers frequently use stainless steel and other alloys as their primary raw materials. Raw materials, such as metals, have highly fluctuating market prices. The price/cost of piping spools and the manufacturer's profitability are susceptible to fluctuations in the cost of raw materials. For instance, if the price of steel, aluminum, or super alloys suddenly skyrockets, that could impact the cost of the spools and, thus, on demand for the piping system. Even if the manufacturer does not pass on the price increase, the company's profitability will suffer. Furthermore, key material suppliers are typically large enterprises with the ability to pass on their higher commodity costs, which leads to an increase in the prices of the materials, thereby increasing the prices of the inputs. As a result, fluctuating raw material prices are expected to impede the growth of the piping system and piping spools market.
Technological Advancement in Piping System and Piping Spool
Pipe spools are a type of prefabricated piping component and are created using flanges and bolts for connecting pipes. In addition, it combines the pipes with fabrication services using butt weld. Elbows, flanges, and tees are all functional fitting components. New technologies like GPS, RFID, and WSN (wireless sensor network) are being incorporated into construction projects to enhance fabrication services. Spool welding robots (SWRs) are available from major manufacturers for use with pipe spools. For instance, spool welding SWR was made public by Abicor Binzel Production Pvt. Limited, a division of Alexander Binzel Schweisstechnik GmbH Co. KG. It employs cutting-edge welding science. The company provides all three types of arc welding: gas metal arc (GMAW), metal core arc (FCAW), and flux cored arc (FCAW) (MCAW). Potentially lucrative opportunities for the market are expected to arise due to all of these factors.
The global piping system and piping spools market is segmented by material and end-user.
Based on material, the global market is bifurcated into stainless steel, carbon steel, alloy steel, and others.
The carbon steel segment is the highest contributor to the market and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.92% during the forecast period. As an alloy, carbon steel is made by combining steel and carbon in proportions of up to 2.5% carbon. High tensile strength and durability are two characteristics shared by carbon steel pipe spools. In addition, carbon steel is becoming increasingly popular as a material for modular process skids because of its many benefits, which include accelerated project completion, lower costs, better quality fabrication, fewer safety concerns, fewer space needs, greater portability, and enhanced security.
Furthermore, the chances of deformation and wall thinning of the cross-section are reduced when carbon steel piping is bent using an induction heater. Even more impressive, a spool of carbon steel pipe was made available by industry heavyweights like Prosaic Steel and Alloys and Kalpataru Piping Solutions. Such as the A106 GR B carbon steel pipe spools that Kalpataru Piping Solutions provided.
The advantages of stainless-steel pipe spools include their resistance to corrosion, attractive appearance, resistance to temperature changes, robustness, and durability. The most popular material for making pipe spools is stainless steel. Superior performance is provided by stainless steel pipe spools, which are resistant to dents and cracks. Furthermore, major players like Prosaic Steel and Alloys, Haihao Group, and others deal in producing stainless steel pipe spools. For instance, the Haihao Group provided steel pipes with a 3PE anti-corrosion coating. Up to 50 years of use is possible with this pipe. It prevents corrosion caused by both natural gas and synthetic gas. A rise in the use of stainless steel pipes is also expected to help the piping system and piping spools market grow.
Based on end-user, the global market is bifurcated into the power plant, petroleum refineries, offshore and marine, chemical and fertilizers, and others.
The petroleum refineries segment owns the highest market share and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 3.86% during the forecast period. Oil refineries are also known as petroleum refineries. Refineries rely on piping spool fabrication to transmit fluids and natural gas. In the construction of oil refineries, carbon steel and stainless steel are common materials. Pipe spools for use in the petroleum refining industry are provided by several companies, including Globe LLC and Dee Piping systems. Increases in oil and gas pipelines are being built to meet rising demand worldwide. Additionally, piping spools can expect growth opportunities as the oil and gas sector expands. Many developing nations, including India, Japan, and others, are looking to the oil and gas industries to fund their economic growth.
Pipe spools make pipe components for shipbuilding and other offshore marine applications. Offshore, shipbuilding and marine sectors use pipe spools made from stainless steel and carbon steel. Growth in offshore drilling for oil and gas exploration has led to the use of piping spools in the shipbuilding and marine industries. With crude oil prices leveling off and beginning to rise again, there has been a corresponding uptick in exploration and production in deep-sea regions. Companies like ChelPipe Group and Yena Engineering B.V. are the most important suppliers of pipe spools to the offshore, shipbuilding, and marine industries. As the oil and gas and maritime industries continue to grow and stricter laws and regulations are implemented to ensure effective solutions and components, the demand for piping spools for offshore oil and marine is expected to rise.
The global piping system and piping spools market is bifurcated into four regions, namely North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.
Asia-Pacific Dominates the Global Market
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Asia-Pacific is the most significant shareholder in the global piping system piping spools market and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.36% during the forecast period. Asia-Pacific is made up of China, Japan, India, and all the other countries in the region. The piping system and piping spools market is expected to grow due to the shift in focus of many developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region toward developing a complete solution for the chemical fertilizers and power plant industry. For instance, in March 2020, India intended to invest USD 1.3 billion in expanding its pharmaceutical sectors. Also, big companies like Metal Forge India, Dee Piping System, and others sell piping spools made of stainless steel and carbon steel. The diameters of the stainless steel pipe spools sold by Metal Forge India range from 0.5 inches to 30 inches. The demand for piping spools and piping systems is anticipated to increase due to all these factors.
North America is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.58%, generating USD 2,246.28 million during the forecast period. The demand for piping systems and piping spools is expected to increase due to rising spending in the oil and gas sector across North America. For example, the Alaska LNG Liquefaction Plant cost the U.S. Government about USD 43 billion in 2020. In addition, Canada-based Novarc Technologies offers technologically advanced spool welding robots. The smart pressure vessel, pipe, and roll welding it enables are tailor-made for welding machines. In addition to welding flanges, tees, elbows, and reducers, it can weld various other pipe fittings and produce spools of pipe up to 30 inches. These factors are expected to drive the expansion of the North American market for piping systems and piping spools.
A rise in European oil and gas investment should lead to increased demand for piping spools in the region. Europe's thriving end-user industries and strict water distribution and wastewater management regulations fuel the region's need for piping systems and piping spools. For example, the French government put about USD 12.4 billion into a nuclear plant called the Flamanville III Nuclear plant. The market is expected to benefit from the rising trend of investing heavily in rehabilitating aging water infrastructure.
LAMEA comprises places like Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America. The market for piping systems and piping spools has been expanding due to rising investment in the oil and gas industries and the discovery of oil fields in Latin America. Piping spools are used extensively in petroleum refinery projects across the LAMEA region's key countries. In addition, the growth of the oil and gas industry is expected to increase oil and gas exploration activities in the Middle East, which will drive the demand for piping systems and piping spools. For example, the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) have invested more than USD 250 million into oil, gas, and petrochemical projects, which are in their initial phase.
The global piping system and piping spools market’s major key players are Arabian International Co for Steel Structure (AIC), CCI Leiding systemen B.V., ChelPipe Group, Cimtas Pipe Fabrication and Trading Co Ltd., Cogbill Construction LLC, Dee Development Engineering Limited, Metal Forge India, Seonghwa Industrial Co Ltd, Larsen Toubro, Prosaic Steel and Alloys, ENKA Insaat Ve Sanayi (ENKA), U.S. Pipe, Forterra Inc., and Yena Engineering B.V.