Home Food & Beverages Saffron Market Size to Fly High at US$1,085.00 million by 2032

Saffron Market

Saffron Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Grade (Grade I, Grade II, Grade III, Grade IV), By Type (Traditional, Organic), By Form (Powder Petals, Stamen, Stigma, Liquid), By Applications (Cosmetics Food and Beverage, Others, Personal Care Products, Food Supplements), By Distribution Channel (B2C, B2B) and By Region(North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) Forecasts, 2024-2032

Report Code: SRFB55921DR
Study Period 2020-2032 CAGR 7%
Historical Period 2020-2022 Forecast Period 2024-2032
Base Year 2023 Base Year Market Size USD 590.17 million
Forecast Year 2032 Forecast Year Market Size USD 1085.00 million
Largest Market Middle East & Africa Fastest Growing Market Asia-Pacific
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Market Overview

The global saffron market size was valued at USD 590.17 million in 2023. It is estimated to reach USD 1,085.00 million by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 7.0% during the forecast period (2024–2032). The global saffron market is primarily driven by its rising demand from the culinary sector, where it has been used in the preparation of ample dishes to impart its unique flavor, fragrance, and rich golden-yellow color. Furthermore, in recent years, saffron has been extensively utilized in beauty and personal care products, thereby creating opportunities for global market expansion.

Saffron is an esteemed spice obtained from the stigmas of the Crocus sativus flower. Saffron is widely utilized in cooking, medicinal, and dye manufacture due to its unique golden-yellow color and strong fragrance. The spice is renowned for its labor-intensive harvesting process, as each flower yields only a few strands of saffron, making it one of the most expensive spices in the world.

Originating in the Mediterranean, saffron has a long history of use in various cultures for its flavor, coloring properties, and medicinal benefits. It contains antioxidants like crocin and safranal, which contribute to its health benefits, including anti-inflammatory and mood-enhancing effects. Saffron is commonly utilized in dishes like paella, risotto, and Persian rice, adding a unique flavor and vibrant color.


  • Grade I accounted for the largest share of the market by grade.
  • Petals influenced the market growth by form.
  • Food and Beverages dominated the market application segment.
  • The Middle East and Africa dominate the global market.

Market Dynamics

Saffron Market Drivers

Rising Culinary Demand

The culinary demand for saffron significantly drives market growth, with its distinct flavor, fragrance, and rich golden-yellow color being highly valued. As a critical ingredient in global cuisines, saffron enhances traditional and gourmet recipes. In 2022, Spain emerged as the world's largest saffron exporter, exporting 199,000 kilograms. Additionally, Spain imported USD 31.4 million worth of saffron in 2021, making it the second-largest importer. Saffron's extensive use in Spain's iconic paella highlights its importance in authentic regional dishes.

Furthermore, in Indian cuisine, saffron is integral to both sweet and savory dishes, particularly in northern India's Mughlai cuisine. Despite an annual demand of 100 tons, India only produces 6-7 tons, leading to substantial imports. This growing culinary demand directly impacts the saffron market's economic dynamics. As restaurants, chefs, and manufacturers seek high-quality, authentic ingredients, the global saffron market is poised to flourish, driven by the globalization of culinary tastes and the rising popularity of gourmet foods.

 Saffron Market Restraint

High Cost

The high cost of saffron significantly restrains the global saffron market, primarily due to its labor-intensive cultivation and harvesting process. Each saffron thread is meticulously hand-harvested from crocus flowers, with thousands of flowers required to produce a small amount of saffron. This complex and time-consuming process drives up the price, making saffron one of the most expensive spices.

In the United States, a gram of high-quality saffron costs between USD 5 and USD 20, with authentic saffron typically priced at a minimum of USD 10 per gram. Prices vary based on quality, region, and market demand; for instance, Iranian saffron can range from USD 1500 to USD 7500 per kilogram, sometimes reaching USD 10,000 per kilogram. These high costs affect the entire supply chain, from growers to distributors and retailers, limiting market growth and accessibility.

Saffron Market Opportunities

Diversification of Cosmetics and Skincare Products

The diversification of cosmetics and skincare products presents a significant growth opportunity for the global saffron market. Saffron, known for its unique properties and natural appeal, is increasingly popular in beauty and personal care products. With over 60% of U.S. adults favoring natural ingredients in cosmetics, the demand for saffron-infused products is rising. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties make saffron a valuable ingredient in facial creams, serums, and moisturizers, offering benefits for skin rejuvenation and anti-aging.

In hair care, saffron is incorporated into shampoos and conditioners to promote hair growth and enhance hair health. Additionally, saffron's vibrant color and potential antioxidant benefits are utilized in makeup products like lipsticks and eyeshadows. The growing trend of using saffron in aromatherapy and spa treatments further expands its market potential. As consumers increasingly seek natural and effective alternatives, saffron's versatility drives market growth and creates opportunities for innovation and product diversification.

Regional Analysis

Based on region, the global market is bifurcated into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa. 

Middle East and Africa is the most significant global market shareholder and is expected to expand substantially during the forecast period. This is due to the spice's integral role in traditional cuisine. Saffron is a key ingredient in numerous regional dishes, such as biryanis, pilafs, and tagines, and it enhances the flavors of sweets and desserts. It symbolizes hospitality and respect, often being served to guests. Iran stands out as the world's largest producer of saffron, contributing over 90% of global output. Key production areas include the Khorasan Razavi province and Gonabad region on Iran's arid and semiarid central plateau.

Additionally, in November 2022, Iran made a significant move to preserve its saffron heritage by establishing a gene bank for saffron bulbs. This initiative, aimed at identifying and registering specific species of Iranian saffron with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, has collected bulbs from 57 regions across the country. Furthermore, the gene bank's goal is to protect and maintain the genetic diversity of Iranian saffron bulbs for future generations, ensuring the longevity and quality of this precious spice. This strategic move not only supports biodiversity but also strengthens Iran's dominant position in the global saffron market, emphasizing the region's cultural and economic reliance on this valuable commodity.

The Asia Pacific saffron market is driven by several key factors, including its cultural and historical significance, its utilization in traditional medicine and culinary applications, and its growing popularity as a premium ingredient in luxury products. Saffron has been integral to traditional medicine for centuries in many Asian countries, such as India and China, due to its numerous health benefits. It is known to improve digestion, treat respiratory ailments, and reduce inflammation. Additionally, saffron is also valued in Ayurvedic medicine and other traditional healing systems for its mood-enhancing properties.

Furthermore, the rising consumer preference for natural and organic products is further propelling the saffron market in the Asia Pacific region. Brands like SoulTree, which launched its Advanced Kumkumadi line of products in June 2022, reflect this trend. The collection, made with 100% pure, certified organic Mogra saffron, is rooted in the principles of Ayurvedic traditions, highlighting the blend of ancient wisdom with modern wellness demands. Moreover, the expanding middle class in countries like India and China, combined with increasing disposable incomes, is driving the demand for luxury and premium products that feature saffron. This growth is also supported by the saffron market's applications in the food and beverage industry, cosmetics, and the burgeoning health and wellness sector. The Asia Pacific region, thus, remains a crucial and dynamic market for saffron, balancing tradition and innovation.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
By Grade
  1. Grade I
  2. Grade II
  3. Grade III
  4. Grade IV
By Type
  1. Traditional
  2. Organic
By Form
  1. Powder Petals
  2. Stamen
  3. Stigma
  4. Liquid
By Applications
  1. Cosmetics Food and Beverage
  2. Others
  3. Personal Care Products
  4. Food Supplements
By Distribution Channel
  1. B2C
  2. B2B
Company Profiles Gohar Saffron HEA & Co Spanish Rowhani Saffron Co. Linkage Internationals Damon Enterprises Esfahan Pishro Iran Saffron Company Saffron Business Co. Royal Saffron Grandor Golden Pars Maha Shahri Food Products Rah Abrisham Sialk International Taj Agro Products Jmd Agro Foods
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Singapore Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global saffron market is segmented based on grade, type, form, application, and distribution channel.

The market is further segmented by grade into Grade I, Grade II, Grade III, and Grade IV.

Grade I is the highest quality available in the global market. Its vibrant red color, impressive length, and potent flavor set it apart as the highest quality available. Rich in essential oils like safranal, Grade I saffron delivers a signature aroma. Producers harvest and process these threads with meticulous care, ensuring minimal breakage and maintaining thread integrity. This premium quality makes Grade I saffron the top choice for culinary and medicinal applications, providing an unparalleled saffron experience. Renowned for its superior sensory attributes, it attracts those seeking the best in flavor and fragrance. Its unmatched quality and careful handling solidify its market dominance, appealing to both connoisseurs and professionals.

Based on type, the market is fragmented into organic and traditional.

Traditional types are estimated to account for the largest market share. Traditional farming methods for saffron involve the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and time-honored agricultural practices. Although not always organic, this saffron remains significant in the global market due to its affordability. It appeals to cost-conscious buyers who prioritize price over organic certification. Traditional saffron farming, often rooted in generations-old techniques, continues to thrive in regions with strong agricultural traditions. Despite its lower cost, it maintains a steady demand, especially among consumers who value traditional farming heritage. This segment remains crucial in the global saffron market, balancing the need for affordable options with the preservation of cultural farming practices.

Based on form, the market is segmented into liquid, powder, stigma, petals, and stamen.

Petal dominated the form segment. The dominance of the Petal segment in the Global Saffron Market stems from the critical role petals play in saffron harvesting and production. Saffron is derived from the stigma of the Crocus sativus flower, and the meticulous process of hand-picking these delicate threads involves removing the petals. This labor-intensive procedure adds to the overall cost of production, highlighting the petals' importance in ensuring the purity and quality of Grade I saffron. The superior quality of saffron threads drives market prices and value. Additionally, the rising demand for saffron in culinary, medicinal, and cosmetic applications underscores the significance of petals in the saffron supply chain, bolstering their market segment.

The market can be bifurcated by application into food supplements, cosmetics, personal care products, and food and beverages.

The food and beverage application is expected to grow significantly in revenue. The surging demand for natural and healthy food ingredients is propelling the global saffron market, particularly in food and beverage applications. Saffron, a highly prized spice, is renowned for its unique flavor, aroma, and vibrant color, making it a sought-after ingredient in various culinary products. Its health advantages, including antioxidant properties and potential therapeutic effects, further enhance its appeal. As consumers increasingly seek out products that offer both taste and health benefits, saffron-based food and beverage items are gaining popularity. This trend is driving market growth, positioning saffron as a significant ingredient in the evolving landscape of natural and health-focused food products.

Based on the distribution channel, the market is divided into B2B and B2C.

B2C held the largest market share during the forecast period. The B2C segment's dominance can be attributed to several factors, including the increased availability of saffron products through online retail channels, the rising popularity of saffron-based supplements and dietary products, and increased utilization of saffron in the cosmetics and personal care industries. The surge of e-commerce platforms has made it easier for consumers to buy saffron directly from manufacturers, resulting in more competition and lower prices. Consumers are also becoming more aware of saffron's various health benefits, such as its ability to treat depression, anxiety, and insomnia, as well as its potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that can benefit skin rejuvenation and hair health, which is driving demand for saffron-based products in the B2C market.

Market Size By Grade

Market Size By Grade
  • Grade I
  • Grade II
  • Grade III
  • Grade IV
  • Recent Developments

    •  January 2024- Large-scale saffron corm cultivation is underway in Menchukha, Arunachal Pradesh, and Yuksom, Sikkim, with ten quintals per site, and pilot cultivation in medium-potential sites is continuing to validate site suitability.
    • January 2024- Tata Consumer Products introduced Grade 1 Kashmiri saffron under the Himalayan brand.

    Key Players

    Saffron Market Share of Key Players

    Saffron Market Share of Key Players
    Gohar Saffron HEA & Co Spanish Rowhani Saffron Co. Linkage Internationals Damon Enterprises Esfahan Pishro Iran Saffron Company Saffron Business Co. Royal Saffron Grandor Golden Pars Maha Shahri Food Products Rah Abrisham Sialk International Taj Agro Products Jmd Agro Foods Others

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    What is the projected market value of the global Saffron Market?
    The global Saffron Market size is projected to reach USD 1,084.8 million by 2031.
    Middle East and Africa region has the largest share of the Saffron Market.
    The Grade I segment is expected to dominate over the forecast period.
    Gohar Saffron, HEA & Co Spanish, Rowhani Saffron Co., Linkage Internationals, Damon Enterprises, Esfahan Pishro, Iran Saffron Company, Saffron Business Co., Royal Saffron, Grandor, Golden Pars Maha, Shahri Food Products, Rah Abrisham Sialk International, Taj Agro Products, Jmd Agro Foods, ., are the prominent players in the Saffron Market.
    The global Saffron Market growing at a CAGR of 7.0% from (2023–2031).

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