The global textile dyes market size was valued at USD 11.7 billion in 2022. It is expected to reach USD 19.56 billion by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 5.8% during the forecast period (2023–2031).
Dyes are coloring substances used to color textiles, especially for denim products, polyester fiber, cotton, nylon, silk, wool, fur, and carpet. Different chemicals and dyes are used during dyeing in textile production plants. During the selection of dyes, various factors such as process cost, lightfastness, rubbing, and reaction to washing are considered.
Dyes are used to color fabrics and can be applied to the fiber through diffusion, absorption, or bonding. Natural and synthetic dyes are the categories under which dyes can be placed. Plants, minerals, and various other sources can all be used to make natural dyes. On the other hand, synthetic dyes are created in a laboratory setting.
Asia-Pacific is expected to be the highest market in the future, especially in India and China, where the demand is projected to be more as these are the fastest-growing economies in the world. They have witnessed steady economic development in the last decade and are one of the global powerhouses. Countries in the Asia-Pacific region, such as China and India, have the world's highest population densities. The need for more textiles is increasing due to the expanding human population.
Additionally, the rise in consumer demand for textiles for various applications such as apparel making and home textiles industrial/technical textiles has contributed to the market's growth. Moreover, the lower cost of manufacturing owing to the raw material availability and labor at cheaper rates drives the growth of textile dyes. A rise in consumer demand across the Asia–Pacific region is the primary factor in the market expansion.
Non-woven fabrics are patterned under heat and pressure in limited environments and can be customized for specific uses. These materials resemble woven fabrics but have considerable cushioning. These stretchy materials absorb various fluids. Applications in InduTech and MediTech are both able to make use of their high filtration capacity. Non-woven fabrics can be produced using wetlaid, spunlaid, or drylaid methods. Due to consumer health concerns, healthcare end-use industries demand more non-woven materials.
Additionally, product demand is predicted to expand as automotive end-use increases. Due to rapid technical breakthroughs, non-woven fabric materials have expanded their application base in many end-user industries, including construction and agriculture, which boosts fabric dye demand. Non-woven fabric dyes have stronger color than woven and knitted textiles. As a result, there has been an increase in demand for non-woven textile dye.
The industry has been adversely affected by rising environmental pollution brought on by poisons like lead, arsenic, and heavy metals in dyes. Moreover, market growth is hampered due to the implementation of various health and environmental regulations toward using textile dyes. Textile dyeing processes consume huge amounts of water as a solvent leading to water wastage, which further acts as restraint owing to water scarcity.
In addition, various advanced treatments are required to separate toxic chemicals from wastewater; however, completely removing chemicals is impossible. The wastewater released from textile mills is directly discharged into the environment without any further treatment, affecting the health of humans and animals. This factor would impede the growth of the global market.
The textile dyeing process uses a lot of water as a solvent, which wastes a lot of water and is a limitation because water is scarce. A major opportunity for the market to expand is expected to arise from the creation of new processes that reduce water waste. Moreover, progress in eco-friendly organic dyes presents a promising new market for the textile dyes business.
The global textile dye market is segmented into dye type and fiber type.
Based on the dye type, the global textile dyes market is classified into direct, reactive, Vat, basic, acid, dispersed, and others.
The dispersed segment dominates the global market and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 5.6% over the forecast period. Disperse dyes are under the category of non-ionic dyes, which has very low water solubility. Disperse dye provides excellent color and image brilliance with less environmental impact. It is also a good choice for printing industrial applications such as car seat covers and interiors such as carpets owing to its properties such as high resistance to crocking.
Furthermore, it is well suited for apparel products due to its resistance to washing. Disperse dye is one of the best choices for applications that require high durability. Disperse dyes are organic coloring substances that are the best choice for dyeing hydrophobic fibers. These dyes are used for dyeing various substrates, such as natural cellulose ester, and artificial fibers, such as acetate, polyester, nylon, acrylic, and others.
Based on fiber type, the global textile dyes market is segmented into wool, polyester, acrylic, and others.
The polyester segment owns the highest market share and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 5.9% during the forecast period. Polyester is a synthetically manufactured fiber material. It is one of the common textile fibers, and it is used in applications like clothing, upholstery, home textiles, and others. It is the strongest fiber and can be used individually and in blends with other fibers. In addition, polyester gained a significant share of the market due to its countless advantages, such as high strength, weather resistance, and elasticity. It is one of the most preferred fibers in the textiles industry due to its excellent physical properties, low price, versatility, recyclability, etc.
Based on region, the global textile dyes market is bifurcated into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.
Asia-Pacific is the most significant global textile dye market shareholder and is estimated to exhibit a CAGR of 6.4% over the forecast period. The technical textile market drives the Asia-Pacific textile dye market. Technical textiles account for approximately 15 percent of all dyes used in the textile industry. China, Japan, and India are the major economies in Asia-Pacific which contribute to the adoption of technical textiles in the region. China is one of the leading manufacturers considered for automotive, correspondingly more usage of technical textiles. In addition, favorable investment policies and government initiatives to promote technical textiles growth in India and China fuel the demand for the textile dyes market. The development of manufacturing sectors drives the growth in these regions, the increase in population in the continent, and the improvement in economic conditions.
Key factors fuelling the technical textile market include growth in public infrastructure development, rise in the healthcare sector, and rapid urbanization. For instance, in 2014, the Indian government launched a scheme for promoting the usage of geotextiles in the North East, wherein the duration of the scheme is five years (2014-2019). The scheme aims to promote and use geotextiles in infrastructure development by offering technological and financial support. This investment is anticipated to increase the demand for textile dyes because direct or substantive dyes, which have a firm affinity for cellulose fibers, are used on the material and textile dyes, such as acid and basic dyes, are used primarily for dying material.
North American region witnesses economic growth with major contributions from the U.S. and Mexico. The rising use of 3D printing technology in the industrial textile market is expected to offer growth. In North America, 3D printing is widely preferred in the textile sector, making 3D printing a successful commercial technology. Fashion designers are experimenting with 3D-printed t-shirts, shoes, and dresses. In North America, advancement in the printing sector is estimated to increase the demand for textile dyes. The high demand for textile printing worldwide has led to the development of numerous textile printing techniques, including direct print, discharge print, pigment print, resist print, and specialty print.
Additionally, printing directly onto textile media using a heat press with low-energy sublimation inks and high-energy disperse inks is possible rather than printing dye-sublimation inks on transfer paper. This factor is likely to increase the demand for textile dyes shortly. Moreover, increased investments in R&D activities to develop dyes and a rise in per capita disposable incomes, especially in developing economies such as Mexico, accelerate the demand for the textile dyes market.
In Europe, the advancement in the textile industry is likely to play an important role in boosting the market's growth. The apparel industry is transforming due to lifestyle changes and computer and internet technology introduction. The manufacturing technology, management of apparel business, and fashion trends are changing rapidly, affecting qualitative and quantitative transformation, even in developing nations. In addition, consumers quickly transition from traditional, static, demographic-based criteria to relatively more dynamic, modern, and psychographic influences to keep up with the rapidly evolving technologies. As a result, it is expected that with the growing change in fashion, the demand for textile dyes will increase notably. Likewise, European government regulations play an important role in the market. The work accepted by the manufacturers of textile dyes and chemicals needs to follow the European Union's REACH regulations.
In LAMEA, UAE encompasses a variety of textiles such as woven, non-woven, and knitted garments. There are around 150 ready-made garment manufacturers in Dubai and Sharjah. This Gulf country has become one of the world's major textile hubs comprising fibers, fabrics, apparel, cloth, outerwear, home textiles, and technical textiles. In addition, the textile industry in the UAE is thriving on supportive government initiatives in terms of development. With the development of the textile industry, the demand for dyes to color textiles is expected to increase notably. The rise in investment and development in the textile industry is expected to play a major role in boosting the market's growth. Countries like Brazil and Saudi Arabia are expected to drive the market growth.
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