The Internet of Things (IoT) is witnessing a growing demand in adaptive architectural frameworks to promote the connection between heterogeneous IoT devices and IoT systems. Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is the most popular software architecture in IoT that offers loosely coupled systems to leverage IoT services at the middle-ware layer, and minimise system integration issues. Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) offers a powerful framework for supporting the connectivity, interoperability and integration in IoT systems. It forms the backbone of present day connected IoT infrastructure. The IoT integration framework benefits from an intelligent API layer that employs an external service assembler, service auditor, service monitor and service router component to coordinate service publishing, subscription, decoupling and service combination within the architecture. Below figure represents the IoT connectivity and network infrastructure:
Use Cases of Connected Intuitive Infrastructure – IOT
Cloud Computing - There is a growing trend of IoT connected intuitive infrastructure as artificial intelligence continues to power cloud computing. Companies are benefitting from AI technology even if they lack top technical talent, access to huge data sets, and their own massive computing power. Through the cloud, they can access services that address these shortfalls without having to make big upfront investments. Artificial intelligence based connected IOT infrastructure is helping business streamline workloads and automate repetitive tasks. It is helping IT teams capture the efficiencies of cloud computing and allowing them to focus on higher-value strategic activities. At the cloud level, IOT is also improving data management. Cloud computing solutions are using connected IOT and AI tools to help with specific aspects of the data process. They can help streamline the way data is ingested, updated, and managed, so financial institutions can more easily offer accurate real-time data to clients.
Connected Vehicles - A large number of vehicles equipped with connected IoT infrastructure and 5G is expected to hit the roads during the next decade as major economies, such as North America, European Union and APAC are widely investing in smart and autonomous vehicle technologies. People can now enjoy a remote ignition feature, or unlock a car with an iPhone or an Android Auto app. Human-Machine Interface (HMI) is becoming multi-modal owing to the rapid technological advances in the automotive sector. HMI turns the car into a device for information, entertainment, and enables enhanced safety and functional convenience. Leading OEMs are investing in the R&D to solve challenges with the integration of the connected intuitive IOT technology in cars and smartphones. Built-in braking and parking sensors provide safety features and prevent accidents. More IoT connected systems, advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS), and cruise control features are expected to be introduced with the gradual implementation of connected car technology in the forthcoming years.
Business Security - Access to right information is crucial for the modern data-driven businesses to gain a competitive edge and develop business strategies and decisions. IoT endpoint provides an insightful view of end-user activity and is the heart of a business service. The availability and performance of the IOT network defines how well a business service can reach its end-users. These parameters are monitored by endpoint sensors deployed at the edge and nodes of the network. The generated data logs can help organizations identify network traffic for anomalous behaviour and suspicious activities, and improve their performance. Business services accessible by connected IOT endpoints can be updated and improved based on evolving end-user response.
Supply Chain Management - Companies are investing in the incorporation of connected IOT infrastructures and R&D targeted at the robust supply chain systems to efficiently manage the growing demands of various supplies, and challenges related to the scalability, privacy and security of logistics networks. A scaled IoT-based supply chain (IoT-SC) system deploys mechanisms to keep users sensitive personal and location information protected against adversarial entities to the IoT-SC system. Each transaction writes from edge computing nodes to the IoT-SC controller is thoroughly examined to ensure the proposed solutions in bi-directional communication, and their robustness against adversarial behaviours. Integration of the next-generation technologies with an intuitive IOT is anticipated to accelerate the privacy and security of the supply chain ecosystem in the logistics sector.
About the Author
Sadhana Yadav is an Electronics and Telecommunications (E&TC) engineer and a strategy consultant with more than three years of experience in the field of market research and business operations analysis. Sadhana carries extensive experience in information and communication technology (ICT) and Industrial Automation areas. She keeps up with the ongoing trends in market landscape and is currently focusing on projecting the dynamics of upcoming trends and the technology outlook in a post pandemic world.