Home Speciality Chemicals Blowing Agents Market Size, Share | Growth Report 2032

Blowing Agents Market

Blowing Agents Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Type (Hydrocarbons, Hydrofluorocarbons , Hydrochlorofluorocarbons , Hydrofluoroolefin , Others), By Applications (Polyurethane Foam , Polystyrene Foam , Phenolic Foam , Polypropylene Foam, Polyethylene Foam, Others), By End-User Industry (Construction , Automotive , Bedding and Furniture , Appliances , Packaging , Others) and By Region(North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) Forecasts, 2024-2032

Report Code: SRSC56131DR
Study Period 2020-2032 CAGR 5.36%
Historical Period 2020-2022 Forecast Period 2024-2032
Base Year 2023 Base Year Market Size USD 1.65 billion
Forecast Year 2032 Forecast Year Market Size USD 2.63 billion
Largest Market Asia-Pacific Fastest Growing Market Europe
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Market Overview

The global blowing agents market size was valued at USD 1.65 billion in 2023. It is estimated to reach USD 2.63 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 5.36% during the forecast period (2024–2032). The automotive industry's continuous expansion, driven by increasing disposable incomes and urbanization, bolsters the blowing agents market. Moreover, in recent years, there has been a rise in environmental concerns and government initiatives to curb carbon emissions, which has increased the demand for energy-efficient materials like blowing agents, thereby creating opportunities for the growth of the global market.

Blowing agents are substances used in various industries, particularly in manufacturing polymers and foams, to create voids or bubbles within a material. These voids impart properties like insulation, lightness, and acoustic dampening. There are two primary types of blowing agents: physical and chemical. Physical blowing agents, such as gases or volatile liquids, expand when heated, causing the material to foam. Chemical blowing agents release gases when chemical reactions occur, leading to expansion and foaming. 

Common examples include hydrocarbons, fluorocarbons, and azo compounds. The choice of blowing agent depends on factors like desired properties, processing conditions, and environmental regulations. However, there are concerns about the environmental impact of blowing agents, especially those containing ozone-depleting substances or greenhouse gases. Thus, ongoing research is being done into developing eco-friendly alternatives to mitigate these environmental risks while maintaining desired material properties.

Highlights

  • Hydrocarbons dominate the type segment
  • Polyurethane foam dominates the application segment
  • Asia-Pacific is the highest shareholder in the global market

Market Dynamics

Market Drivers:

Expanding Automotive Sector 

The expanding automotive sector is a significant catalyst for the blowing agents market. With increasing global population, urbanization, and disposable incomes, a rising demand for automobiles worldwide exists. Statista reports that the global production of automobiles in 2023 reached around 94 million units, indicating a growth rate of approximately 10% compared to the previous year. China, Japan, and Germany are prominent contributors to the manufacturing of both cars and commercial vehicles.

Blowing agents find extensive applications in automotive interiors and components, where weight reduction is critical for enhancing fuel efficiency and reducing emissions. Moreover, blowing agents are utilized in automotive interiors for their insulation and sound absorption properties, contributing to a quieter and more comfortable driving experience. Therefore, using blowing agents in automobiles offers several advantages, increasing their demand from this sector. 

Growing Demand for Energy-Efficient Solutions

The growing demand for energy-efficient solutions presents a significant driver for the global blowing agents market. With increasing environmental concerns and stringent regulations like Net Zero Emissions, construction and automotive industries prioritize energy efficiency. The Net Zero Emissions by 2050 Scenario (NZE Scenario) is a prescriptive scenario that outlines a trajectory for the worldwide energy industry to attain a state with no net carbon dioxide emissions by 2050. Advanced nations are expected to achieve this milestone before other economies.

This aligns with the objective of constraining the increase in global temperature to 1.5 °C (with a minimum 50% likelihood), as recommended by the emissions reduction strategies outlined in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)'s Sixth Assessment Report. To meet these regulations, blowing agents play a vital role as they enhance the thermal insulation properties of materials used in the construction and automotive sectors, thereby reducing energy consumption for heating and cooling purposes. This trend is particularly pronounced where energy efficiency standards are rigorously enforced, driving the demand for blowing agent solutions.

Market Restraint:

Stringent Regulations

One of the prominent market restraints facing the blowing agents industry is the regulatory pressure associated with environmental concerns. Stringent regulations aimed at curbing ozone depletion and lowering greenhouse gas emissions have led to the phasing out of blowing agents with high global warming potential, such as HCFCs and HFCs. This regulatory landscape poses challenges for manufacturers who must adapt to comply with evolving environmental standards.

Additionally, the transition to environmentally friendly alternatives often requires substantial investment in research and development, production processes, and supply chain restructuring. Moreover, the availability and cost-effectiveness of these alternative blowing agents may vary, further complicating the transition process for industry players. Thus, while environmental regulations drive innovation towards greener solutions, they also present hurdles for market growth, particularly for companies navigating the complexities of compliance and sustainability.

Market Opportunities:

Technological Advancements

Technological advancements in blowing agents have led to the development of novel formulations with improved environmental performance and processing efficiency. Innovations like hydrofluoroolefins (HFOs) and other advanced chemical compositions offer lower Global Warming Potential (GWP) and Zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP), aligning with stringent regulatory requirements.

Additionally, research focuses on enhancing insulation properties and foam stability while minimizing environmental impact. Advanced manufacturing techniques enable the production of blowing agents with tailored properties for specific applications, such as building insulation, automotive components, and packaging materials. Continuous research and development efforts drive the exploration of alternative raw materials and novel synthesis methods, fostering sustainability and driving the evolution of blowing agent technologies to meet the demands of modern industries and environmentally conscious consumers.

Regional Analysis

Based on region, the global blowing agents market is bifurcated into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa.

Asia-Pacific Dominates the Global Market

Asia-Pacific is the most significant global blowing agents market shareholder and is expected to expand substantially during the forecast period. The region is seeing rapid industrialization and urbanization, driving the demand for blowing agents in the construction, automotive, and packaging sectors. The Asia-Pacific region dominates the blowing agents market due to the existence of significant automotive manufacturing centers in nations like China, Japan, and India. China holds the title of being the foremost global manufacturer of passenger automobiles, with a staggering production of more than 26 million vehicles in the year 2023. This represents around 33% of the worldwide manufacturing of passenger vehicles. In addition, government efforts to reduce pollution have resulted in the implementation of more rigorous emission regulations.

For example, in 2016, the Indian government announced its plan to circumvent the Bharat Stage V pollution regulations and adopt the Bharat Stage VI emission requirements by 2020. In 2020, the Supreme Court ruled to ban the sale and registration of vehicles that comply with BS-IV norms in the country, effective from April 1, 2020. Consequently, the implementation of stringent emission rules is projected to stimulate the growth of the blowing agents market in the region as it helps achieve greater fuel efficiency. Moreover, the increasing population and disposable income in China, India, and Indonesia have stimulated the rise of residential housing in the Asia-Pacific region, thus driving the demand for construction activities. Therefore, a surge in construction activity, in turn, is estimated to boost the blowing agents market in the region.

Europe represents a significant market for blowing agents, characterized by strict environmental regulations and a strong emphasis on sustainability. The region's construction sector increasingly adopts energy-efficient building materials, driving demand for blowing agents in insulation applications. Europe's automotive industry prioritizes lightweight materials to improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions, further bolstering the market. Moreover, the regional key players are involved in several strategic initiatives, creating market growth opportunities.

For instance, in April 2024, Solvay, a prominent chemical company based in Belgium, inaugurated a new facility in Rosignano, Italy. This facility is dedicated to manufacturing Alve-One, a chemical blowing agent specifically designed for the thermoplastic foaming sector. The company stated that the new production unit will cater to the increasing global need for safer and more sustainable blowing agents in numerous industries, including automotive, footwear, building and construction, and consumer goods.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
Segmentations
By Type
  1. Hydrocarbons
  2. Hydrofluorocarbons 
  3. Hydrochlorofluorocarbons 
  4. Hydrofluoroolefin 
  5. Others
By Applications
  1. Polyurethane Foam 
  2. Polystyrene Foam 
  3. Phenolic Foam 
  4. Polypropylene Foam
  5. Polyethylene Foam
  6. Others
By End-User Industry
  1. Construction 
  2. Automotive 
  3. Bedding and Furniture 
  4. Appliances 
  5. Packaging 
  6. Others
Company Profiles Arkema Group Honeywell International Inc. BASF SE ExxonMobil Corporation The Dow Chemical Company Solvay S.A. Evonik Industries AG Akzo Nobel N.V. Daikin Industries Ltd. Huntsman Corporation
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Singapore Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global blowing agents market is bifurcated into the type, application, and end-user industry.

Based on type, the global blowing agents market is segmented into hydrocarbons, hydrofluorocarbons, hydrochlorofluorocarbons, hydrofluoroolefin, and others.

The hydrocarbons segment dominated the market. Hydrocarbons encompass a diverse range of petroleum or natural gas compounds. Hydrocarbons, including butanes, pentanes, and isopentanes, are widely used as blowing agents due to their low cost, compatibility with various polymer matrices, and favorable environmental profile compared to some other blowing agent types. These compounds vaporize and expand during manufacturing, creating cellular structures within materials such as polyurethane foams. The hydrocarbons segment is experiencing steady growth, particularly in applications requiring high insulation properties, such as refrigeration and construction.

Moreover, advancements in hydrocarbon-blowing agent technology, including the development of environmentally friendly formulations with low global warming potential, are further driving their adoption in the market. However, regulatory scrutiny regarding flammability and potential health hazards poses challenges to the widespread use of hydrocarbons, necessitating continuous innovation in formulation and safety standards.

Based on application, the global blowing agents market is segmented into polyurethane foams, polystyrene foams, phenolic foams, polypropylene foams, polyethylene foams, and others. 

The polyurethane foams segment is estimated to own the highest market share. The polyurethane foams segment is a significant component of the blowing agents market, renowned for its versatility and wide-ranging applications across industries. Polyurethane foams, created through the reaction of polyols and isocyanates with blowing agents, offer exceptional insulation properties, lightweight characteristics, and durability. These foams find extensive use in diverse applications, such as insulation panels for buildings, thermal insulation for refrigeration appliances, cushioning materials in furniture and automotive interiors, and core materials in composite structures. The demand for polyurethane foams is driven by the growing construction sector, where energy-efficient insulation materials are essential for sustainable building practices.

Moreover, the automotive industry relies on polyurethane foams to reduce vehicle weight, enhance fuel efficiency, and improve occupant comfort. With increasing emphasis on energy conservation and eco-friendly materials, the polyurethane foams segment is poised for steady growth, attracting investments in research and development to innovate new formulations and enhance performance characteristics.

Based on the end-user industry, the global blowing agents market is bifurcated into construction, automotive, bedding and furniture, appliances, packaging, and others.

The construction segment is a significant consumer of blowing agents, driving global market growth. Blowing agents are extensively utilized in construction materials such as insulation foams, sealants, and adhesives to enhance thermal efficiency and structural integrity. With the surging emphasis on sustainable building practices and energy conservation, there is a soaring demand for eco-friendly blowing agents in the construction sector. These agents play a crucial role in improving the thermal insulation properties of buildings, reducing energy consumption for heating and cooling, and mitigating environmental impact.

Moreover, the construction industry's expansion, particularly in emerging economies undergoing rapid urbanization and infrastructure development, provides ample opportunities for blowing agent manufacturers. Innovations in blowing agent technologies, including the development of bio-based and low-global-warming-potential alternatives, further propel their adoption in construction applications, fostering sustainable development practices.

Market Size By Type

Market Size By Type
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Hydrofluorocarbons 
  • Hydrochlorofluorocarbons 
  • Hydrofluoroolefin 
  • Others
  • Recent Developments

    • June 2023- DuPont revolutionized StyrofoamTM Brand Insulation by creating an enhanced formulation that utilizes an optimized HFO-based, low-GWO blowing agent. This formulation accomplishes diverse product attributes, including mechanical strength, moisture resistance, and fire resistance.
    • August 2023- Honeywell announced that Al-Essa Industrial Company, a Saudi Arabia-based appliance manufacturer, implemented Honeywell Solstice Liquid Blowing Agent (LBA) to insulate its products.

    Top Key Players

    Blowing Agents Market Share of Key Players

    Blowing Agents Market Share of Key Players
    Arkema Group Honeywell International Inc. BASF SE ExxonMobil Corporation The Dow Chemical Company Solvay S.A. Evonik Industries AG Akzo Nobel N.V. Daikin Industries Ltd. Huntsman Corporation Others

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    How big is the Blowing Agents Market?
    The global blowing agents market was valued at USD 1.65 billion in 2023. It is estimated to reach USD 2.63 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 5.36% during the forecast period (2024–2032).
    Asia-Pacific region has the highest growth rate in the Blowing Agents Market.
    Expanding automotive sector,growing demand for energy-efficient solutions are the key drivers for the growth of the Blowing Agents Market.
    The key players in the global Blowing Agents Market include Arkema Group, Honeywell International Inc., BASF SE, ExxonMobil Corporation, The Dow Chemical Company, Solvay S.A., Evonik Industries AG, Akzo Nobel N.V., Daikin Industries Ltd., Huntsman Corporation


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