Home Automotive and Transportation Electric Boats Market Size, Share And Research Report by 2032

Electric Boats Market

Electric Boats Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Boat Type (Pure Electric, Hybrid), By Battery Type (Nickel-Based, Lead Acid, Lithium-Ion), By Application (Passenger, Cargo) and By Region(North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) Forecasts, 2024-2032

Report Code: SRAT56200DR
Study Period 2020-2032 CAGR 13.3%
Historical Period 2020-2022 Forecast Period 2024-2032
Base Year 2023 Base Year Market Size USD 6.4 Billion
Forecast Year 2032 Forecast Year Market Size USD 19.7 Billion
Largest Market Europe Fastest Growing Market North America
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Market Overview

The global electric boats market size was valued at USD 6.4 billion in 2023 and is projected to reach USD 19.7 billion by 2032, registering a CAGR of 13.3% during the forecast period (2024-2032). Electric Boats market growth is driven by technological advancements in boats and electrical systems, environmental concerns, and shifting consumer preferences. 

Electric boats, also electrically powered boats or e-boats, are watercraft that use electric propulsion systems rather than traditional combustion engines to generate thrust and propel them. These boats are becoming increasingly popular due to their environmental sustainability, quiet operation, and economic benefits.

One of the primary drivers of market growth is growing awareness of the negative environmental impact of fossil fuels, including those used in traditional boats. Electric boats are a cleaner and more sustainable alternative to combustion engines, generating zero emissions. In addition, electric boats are gaining popularity due to their quiet operation, low maintenance costs, and long-term cost savings over traditional boats.

However, factors such as high upfront costs, limited range, and limited charging infrastructure may restrain the growth of the Electric Boat Market during the forecast period. Furthermore, growing recreational activities and marine sports are among the key factors that could provide growth opportunities during the forecast period.

Top 3 Key Highlights

  • Hybrid accounts for the largest market share by boat type.
  • Lithium-ion generates the highest revenue share by battery type.
  • Passenger boats dominate the market by application.

Market Dynamics

Market Drivers

Environmental Concerns and Regulation

The growing awareness of environmental conservation and sustainability is driving the adoption of electric boats. Stringent regulations aimed at reducing emissions from marine vessels and efforts to protect waterways and coastal ecosystems are hastening the transition to cleaner propulsion technologies. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) issued regulations in 2023 to reduce carbon emissions from ships, which took effect January 1, 2023. These regulations will be assessed using two energy efficiency indicators: the Energy Efficiency Existing Ship Index (EEXI) and the Carbon Intensity Indicator. The rules require shipping companies to reassess their vessels, invest more resources in fleet upgrades, and adopt new fuel technologies. The 2023 IMO GHG Strategy aims to reduce carbon intensity in international shipping by at least 40% by 2030 and achieve net zero emissions from ships by 2050. With their zero-emission operation, electric boats are compatible with these environmental goals, making them appealing options for boaters, businesses, and governments looking to reduce carbon footprints and mitigate pollution in marine environments.

Furthermore, in areas with sensitive marine environments or urban waterways, regulatory agencies may impose restrictions on using combustion-powered boats to reduce pollution and protect natural habitats. Over 5,000 MPAs have been established throughout the world. By 2023, they will cover more than 8% of the ocean. In such cases, electric boats provide a viable solution for complying with regulations while enabling recreational and commercial boating activities in an environmentally sustainable manner.

Additionally, the European Union's (EU) 2023 Clean Maritime Agenda includes five legislative proposals to modernize EU maritime safety rules and reduce ship-related pollution. The proposals center on flag state legislation, port state control, ship-source pollution, maritime incident investigation, and creating a new mandate for the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA). Similarly, the United States Maritime Decarbonization Action Plan, part of the "transitioning to clean" strategy, seeks to accelerate the clean transition in maritime by deploying zero-emission fuels, energies, technologies, and vessels. According to the United States National Blueprint for Transportation Decarbonization, "decarbonization" refers to all greenhouse gas emissions. The UNCTAD Review of Maritime Transport 2023 advocates for a fair and equitable transition to a decarbonized shipping industry. As public awareness of these environmental issues grows and regulatory pressure mounts, demand for electric boats is expected to rise further, driving market growth and innovation in the marine sector. 

Market Restraints

High Cost

One of the primary barriers to the widespread adoption of electric boats is the higher initial costs associated with electric propulsion systems and battery technology. Electric boats are typically more expensive than their traditional gasoline or diesel-powered counterparts, owing to the cost of lithium-ion batteries, electric motors, and power management systems. The initial cost of an electric boat may deter some potential buyers, mainly recreational boaters and small businesses, who may choose less expensive conventional ships. 

In addition, the cost of an electric boat can range from USD 1,000 to more than USD 4 million, depending on its type, size, and capabilities. For example, all-electric canoes and kayaks can cost between USD 1,000 and USD 5,000. A medium-sized pontoon boat can cost between USD 18,000 and USD 30,000 and hold four to eight people. A pontoon boat can cost anywhere from USD 15,000 to more than USD 175,000, depending on various factors. The higher initial investment required to purchase an electric boat may deter some potential buyers, mainly recreational boaters and small businesses with limited budgets. Furthermore, while electric propulsion systems provide long-term cost savings in fuel expenses, maintenance, and environmental benefits, the higher upfront costs may still be prohibitively expensive for budget-conscious buyers, particularly those prioritizing immediate affordability over long-term savings and sustainability.

Market Opportunity

Growing Popularity of Recreational Activities and Water-based Tourism

The growing popularity of recreational boating and water-based tourism creates a significant market opportunity for electric boats. As travelers seek unique and sustainable travel experiences, electric boats provide an environmentally friendly and memorable way to explore scenic waterways, coastal destinations, and marine ecosystems. Electric boat rental and tour operators can capitalize on this trend by providing guided eco-tours, sunset cruises, and wildlife excursions on electric-powered vessels, catering to environmentally conscious travelers looking for authentic and immersive experiences.

According to the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), marine tourism in 2023 is expected to recover to 88-90% of pre-pandemic levels. International tourism increased by 86% in the first quarter of 2023 compared to the same period the previous year, with an estimated 235 million tourists traveling internationally. This is a 38% increase over the same months in 2022.

Furthermore, according to the Global Sustainable Tourism Council (GSTC), more than 76% of travelers want to travel more sustainably in 2023, and people are concerned about the cost of living and the climate crisis. Electric boats are an appealing option for tourism operators looking to differentiate their offerings and attract environmentally conscious travelers. Electric boats allow tourists to enjoy marine environments without disturbing wildlife or contributing to pollution. Arc Boat Co. raised USD 70 million from investors to expand its operations beyond high-end electric boats and electrify the entire marine industry. Destinations that invest in electric boats and promote sustainable tourism practices can attract responsible travelers, differentiate their offerings, and help preserve marine ecosystems and cultural heritage sites in the long run.

Regional Analysis

The global electric boats market analysis is conducted in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and Latin America.

Europe is the most significant global electric boats market shareholder and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 13.7% over the forecast period. Europe has the largest global electric boat market share is expected to maintain its lead throughout the forecast period. The European Government is primarily concerned with reducing fuel emissions, which impact the environment. The government is also launching initiatives to promote clean and zero-emission power sources, driving up demand for electric boats in the region.

For example, in May 2022, Finland's Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment announced a development program for a sustainable maritime industry. The program aims to accelerate the adoption of low-carbon technologies and digital solutions in the country's maritime industry. The program will be implemented with the Ministry of Transport and Communications, Business Finland, Finnish Industry Investment, Finnvera, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, and the Finnish Marine Industries Federation. The program will run through the end of 2023. Furthermore, manufacturers are developing advanced battery systems to provide high-performance and long-range batteries for boats. Many cities in this region are located near water bodies and seas, which are likely to provide lucrative opportunities for electric boats in this region.

Furthermore, in September 2022, Swedish electric boat startup X Shore introduced the X Shore 1, an electric speedboat with two configurations (Top and Open) and three specifications (Utility, Performance, and Premium). The X Shore 1 has a top speed of 30 knots, a cruising speed of 20 knots, and a range of 50 nautical miles at slower speeds. A single 63 kWh battery pack powers it. The X Shore 1 will be available for delivery in the second quarter of 2023. 

North America is anticipated to exhibit a CAGR of 13.0% over the forecast period due to the region's high rate of recreational activities. Electric boats are also widely used by marine police for patrolling and lifeguards for rescue operations. Furthermore, the government is implementing various initiatives and providing subsidies to promote tourism businesses in coastal regions, thereby increasing demand for electric boats in this region.

Asia-Pacific is a substantial market for electric boats. Technological advancements such as improved battery storage systems, increased seaborne trade, and marine tourism drive the region's rapid development across Asia-Pacific. The developing economies of India, China, and Japan are expected to drive market growth.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
By Boat Type
  1. Pure Electric
  2. Hybrid
By Battery Type
  1. Nickel-Based
  2. Lead Acid
  3. Lithium-Ion
By Application
  1. Passenger
  2. Cargo
Company Profiles Torqeedo GmbH (Germany) Duffy Electric Boat Company (USA) Ruban Bleu (France) Triton Submarines (USA) WhisperPower (Netherlands) Pure Watercraft (USA) Eco Marine Power (Japan) Boesch Motorboote AG (Switzerland) XALT Energy (USA) Saft Batteries (France) Ray Electric Outboards (USA) Aqua-Jet (Sweden) LEHR (USA) Kräutler Elektromaschinen GmbH (Austria) Transfluid Srl (Italy) Elco Motor Yachts (USA) Rheinstrom-Pumpenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG (Germany) Ansaldo Energia (Italy) Oceanvolt (Finland) Echandia Marine AB (Sweden)
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Singapore Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global electric boats market is segmented based on boat type, battery type, and application.

The market is further segmented by boat type into Pure Electric and Hybrid.

The hybrid electric boat is widely used worldwide and is expected to maintain its lead position throughout the forecast period. Hybrid boats combine electric propulsion systems with internal combustion engines or other power sources to increase efficiency, flexibility, and range. These boats are equipped with electric motors, batteries, generators, and fuel tanks, allowing them to operate solely on electricity, in hybrid mode, or with conventional propulsion systems as required. Hybrid boats provide the benefits of electric propulsion, such as lower emissions, fuel consumption, and noise levels, while also providing extended range and versatility for longer cruises or demanding applications.

Furthermore, they are ideal for boaters who want the benefits of electric and traditional propulsion technologies, such as recreational cruising, commercial marine transportation, and offshore boating, where charging infrastructure may be limited. Hybrid boats provide a transitional solution for boaters who switch to electric propulsion systems while maintaining traditional powerboats' flexibility and range capabilities. These are the main factors driving global demand for hybrid electric boats.

Pure electric boats run entirely on electric propulsion systems, which use rechargeable batteries to generate thrust and propel the vessel. These boats emit zero emissions while operating, making them more environmentally friendly than traditional combustion-powered vessels. Pure electric boats typically use electric motors directly connected to the propulsion system, eliminating the need for internal combustion engines or fuel tanks.

Based on battery type, the market is classified into Nickel-Based, Lead Acid, and Lithium-Ion.

Lithium-ion batteries are widely used in electric boats worldwide and are expected to maintain their dominance throughout the forecast period. Lithium-ion batteries are the most advanced and widely used battery technology in the electric boat market, providing higher energy density, lighter weight, and longer cycle life than other battery types. Lithium-ion batteries offer exceptional performance, efficiency, and dependability, making them ideal for electric propulsion systems in various marine applications, including recreational boating, commercial marine transportation, and offshore operations. While lithium-ion batteries are more expensive initially, they provide significant benefits in energy efficiency, charging speed, and overall lifecycle cost savings, making them the preferred choice for many electric boat manufacturers and operators.

Lead acid batteries are among the oldest and most established battery technologies, and they are widely used in electric boats due to their low cost, availability, and familiarity. However, lead acid batteries have significant disadvantages over other battery types, such as lower energy density, shorter cycle life, and a higher weight-to-energy ratio. Despite these limitations, lead acid batteries are still prevalent in applications where cost is a significant consideration, such as small recreational boats and electric trolling motors.

By application, the market can be further bifurcated into Passenger and cargo.

The passenger segment dominates the global electric boat market. Passenger electric boats primarily transport passengers, tourists, and sightseers on water bodies such as lakes, rivers, canals, and coastlines. These boats are outfitted with comfortable seating, panoramic windows, and amenities to improve the passenger experience on sightseeing tours, eco-cruises, and leisure trips. The rise in urbanization, improved standard of living, and increased purchasing power drive demand for electric boats.

Furthermore, people's increasing interest in recreational activities is propelling market growth. The growing tourism industry is also a significant driver of the electric boat market. Aside from that, electric boats have gained popularity in a variety of other activities, including sea patrolling, criminal monitoring, and rescue operations.

Cargo electric boats are designed to transport goods, supplies, and materials across bodies of water, such as inland waterways, harbors, ports, and urban waterfronts. These vessels are outfitted with cargo holds, loading ramps, and handling equipment to ensure the efficient and safe transportation of freight, containers, and bulk materials. Cargo electric boats are used by logistics companies, ports, industrial facilities, and municipalities for various purposes, including urban freight delivery, port operations, waste management, and construction projects. They provide a low-cost, sustainable alternative to diesel-powered cargo ships, lowering emissions, noise, and congestion in cities and coastal areas while improving air quality and environmental sustainability.

Market Size By Boat Type

Market Size By Boat Type
  • Pure Electric
  • Hybrid
  • Recent Developments

    • April 2024- Torqeedo GmbH, the world's leading manufacturer of electric and hybrid marine drives, announced that it had been commissioned by Eichberger Schiffservice GmbH, the leading service provider in the river cruise industry, to provide a fully integrated electric propulsion system for a demonstrator of an Eichberger-designed luxurious and innovative houseboat. A fuel cell from Argo-Anleg and solar panels will also be integrated, allowing tourists who rent the "Kingfisher" to enjoy a multi-day, zero-emissions journey on Germany's inland waterways.
    • April 2024- Eco Marine Power collaborated with Nakashima Propeller to explore composite material maritime applications.

    Top Key Players

    Electric Boats Market Share of Key Players

    Electric Boats Market Share of Key Players
    Torqeedo GmbH (Germany) Duffy Electric Boat Company (USA) Ruban Bleu (France) Triton Submarines (USA) WhisperPower (Netherlands) Pure Watercraft (USA) Eco Marine Power (Japan) Boesch Motorboote AG (Switzerland) XALT Energy (USA) Saft Batteries (France) Ray Electric Outboards (USA) Aqua-Jet (Sweden) LEHR (USA) Kräutler Elektromaschinen GmbH (Austria) Transfluid Srl (Italy) Elco Motor Yachts (USA) Rheinstrom-Pumpenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG (Germany) Ansaldo Energia (Italy) Oceanvolt (Finland) Echandia Marine AB (Sweden) Others

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    What is the market size for electric boats?
    The global electric boats market size is projected to reach USD 19.7 billion by 2032, registering a CAGR of 13.3%.
    The main hurdle for electric boats' popularity is the high upfront cost of electric motors and batteries.
    Europe is the most significant shareholder and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 13.7%.
    The growing awareness of environmental conservation and sustainability is driving the adoption of electric boats.
    Electric boats, also electrically powered boats or e-boats, are watercraft that use electric propulsion systems rather than traditional combustion engines to generate thrust and propel them.

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