The global gypsum board market size was valued at USD billion in 2022 and is projected to reach USD billion by 2031, registering a CAGR of 13.3% during the forecast period (2023-2031).
Gypsum board, also known as drywall or plasterboard, is a popular building substance composed of gypsum plaster sandwiched between layers of paper. It is a popular material for interior wall and ceiling construction due to its simplicity of installation, versatility, fire resistance, and affordability. Gypsum boards are available in various sizes, thicknesses, and types to meet diverse construction needs.
The global gypsum board market is expected to grow at 13.3% CAGR due to the growing construction industry, particularly in emerging economies. Short-term growth drivers for the market include increasing product demand for residential construction and increasing repair activities worldwide. However, gypsum boards are susceptible to water damage due to their hygroscopic nature. They tend to absorb and retain water readily. In addition, dumping gypsum boards in landfills may cause environmental problems such as the leaching of toxic substances into the groundwater and the emission of methane gas. These factors are impeding the expansion of the examined market. These elements have the potential to increase the gypsum board market share.
Rapid Urbanization and Construction
Increasing urbanization and population growth drive demand for residential, commercial, and infrastructure projects, resulting in a rise in the interior construction demand for gypsum boards. Urbanization drives the demand for residential and commercial space in a swiftly growing Asian city; this market trend can further augment global growth. Also, the new mixed-use development project will include constructing high-rise apartment structures, office complexes, and shopping centers. Gypsum boards are selected as the primary interior building material due to their adaptability, affordability, and speed of installation. The ease with which electrical wiring and plumbing can be integrated into gypsum board walls accelerates the construction process, allowing us to meet the limited project deadline.
Moreover, the fire-resistant properties of gypsum boards comply with safety regulations in dense urban areas. The United Nations projects that by 2050, 68 percent of the world's population will reside in urban areas. This accelerated urbanization increases the demand for construction and infrastructure growth. Urbanization in nations such as China and India drives construction projects, increasing demand for gypsum boards.
In the United States, where strict building codes and fire safety regulations are enforced at the local, state, and federal levels, it is difficult for gypsum board manufacturers to satisfy the required fire resistance and soundproofing standards. A new commercial development project seeking to build a large office complex must ensure that the interior partitions and walls comply with National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) fire safety regulations. Additional fire-resistant coatings, materials, or construction techniques may be necessary to achieve the desirable level of fire resistance with standard gypsum boards. This adds complexity to the manufacturing process, increases costs, and may delay the construction schedule.
The NFPA 101 Life Safety Code is widely adopted and contains stringent requirements for fire safety in buildings in the United States. Manufacturers of gypsum boards must invest continuously in research and development to ensure their products comply with these regulations. Therefore, it hinders Gypsum board market growth.
Innovations in Design and Finishes
A gypsum board manufacturer introduces a new line of products with innovative designs and finishes in response to the rising demand for aesthetically appealing interior spaces. These gypsum boards, with their intricate 3D textures, embossed patterns, and customizable motifs, enable architects and interior designers to create visually dazzling and distinctive interiors. Combining functionality and artistry, designers use these gypsum boards to create captivating feature walls in the foyer of a luxury hotel.
Furthermore, gypsum board manufacturers can meet the creative demands of architects and designers by offering various textures, patterns, and visual effects, transforming gypsum boards from merely functional building materials to design elements that enhance interior spaces. Innovations in gypsum board coatings can attract the interest of both the commercial and residential markets, thereby contributing to the expansion of the market.
The global gypsum board market is segmented based on product, application, and region.
The product is further segmented into a Wallboard, Ceiling Board, Pre-decorated Board, and Others for better understanding.
Wallboard is a significant contributor to the market.
The most commonly used variety is wallboard gypsum boards. They are used as inside walls, partitions, and cladding materials in both residential and commercial buildings. Their versatility, ease of installation, and availability in various sizes and thicknesses make them essential components in the building.
Pre-decorated gypsum boards have finishes, patterns, or designs that were added during the production process. These boards avoid further finishing work, such as painting or wallpapering, saving time and money. They are popular due to their aesthetic appeal and convenience, particularly in places where interior Design is a priority.
The segment can be bifurcated by application into Pre-engineered Metal Buildings, Residential, Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional.
A residence influenced the market growth.
Gypsum boards are widely utilized in residential buildings. They can be used as interior walls, ceilings, and partitions, making them a versatile and cost-effective way to create living areas. Due to their ease of installation and design flexibility, gypsum boards are suited for a wide range of residential applications, from single-family homes to multi-unit complexes.
Gypsum boards are commonly utilized in pre-engineered metal buildings for interior partitioning, wall cladding, and ceiling systems. These boards aid in the creation of useful and aesthetically pleasing interior areas within metal structures such as warehouses, storage facilities, and industrial units.
The global gypsum board market is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and Latin America.
Asia-Pacific is predicted to rise at a substantial CAGR of % throughout the forecast period. The industry is expected to benefit from expansion in emerging markets, including China, India, Taiwan, and Thailand. Due to rapid urbanization and increased household incomes, gypsum boards will be in high demand in the region's building sector. Urbanization, which drives the building industry and gypsum board consumption, is expected to increase in China over the next few years. China's urbanization has altered the country in the past decade. The government implemented China's New-Style Urbanization Plan 2014-2020 to control urban overdevelopment. China's five-year plan, released in January 2022, predicts a 6% construction industry growth in 2022. China will build more prefabricated structures to decrease construction site pollution and waste.
Additionally, the increased need for housing will drive public and private home construction. The market is driven by high-rise and hotel buildings. Over the next six to seven years, India will invest USD 1,300 billion in housing. The studied market will also be affected by 60 million new homes being built in the country. The Indian government budgeted INR 10 lakh crore (USD 130.57 billion) for infrastructure development in the 2022-23 Union Budget, boosting the sector. Multiple construction companies began developing 258 high-rise structures with 103,100 apartments in Tokyo in 2022. A council of experts from Japan's infrastructure ministry reported increased building orders to domestic enterprises of JPY 5.1 trillion (USD 45.48 billion), which may boost gypsum board demand. South Korea is also becoming a hotspot for high-rise buildings, with several tall buildings under construction or under proposal, which may boost demand in the examined market.
North America holds a sizeable global market share and is expected to boost at a CAGR of % during the forecast period. The United States accounted for more than two-thirds of this market in North America, a significant proportion of the global market. In the future, the region's resurgent construction industry is anticipated to stimulate the market. The demand in North America is primarily driven by renovation and remodeling activities, as its market is relatively mature. In addition, as environmental regulations become stricter in the region, key actors are eager to reduce their overall carbon footprint and adopt more sustainable practices. For example, Saint-Gobain announced a 12-year partnership with Blooming Grove Wind Farm to supply 120 MW of wind energy. As per the market insights, this reduces the company's carbon footprint in the United States by approximately 21%.
Middle East and Africa is a significant contributor to the market. Due to burgeoning demand in countries such as Oman, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, and Qatar, the Middle East and Africa is anticipated to record the highest CAGR over the forecast period. Major economies are concentrating on expanding their production capacities to serve the expanding construction markets of the Middle East and Africa. This trend influences the demand for gypsum boards positively throughout the region. In recent years, the gypsum board industry in the Kingdom of Bahrain has maintained a steady growth rate due to the swiftly expanding construction industry and rising product demand for internal walls and ceiling applications. Gypsum panels are the region's most extensively used gypsum product, and the country must rely on imports to meet the demand.
The European market is expected to grow over the years. High environmental consciousness among consumers in the region, combined with political factors, will encourage the expansion of gypsum recycling in the region. The market is dominated by Western European nations such as Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Spain, and Italy. Recycling rates for gypsum waste in Europe are significantly higher than in emerging economies such as China, where they are less than 1%. The European Federation of National Associations of Plaster and Plasterboard Manufacturers (Eurogypsum) highlights the importance of gypsum-based products in the European construction sector, emphasizing the role of gypsum boards in creating interior spaces with efficient thermal insulation and fire resistance. The region's commitment to sustainable construction, urban expansion, and the demand for adaptable and efficient interior solutions drive market growth.
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