Home Speciality Chemicals Hydroformylation Catalysts Market Size, Top Share And Growth Report, 2032

Hydroformylation Catalysts Market

Hydroformylation Catalysts Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Type (Cobalt Based, Rhodium Based), By Application (Pharmaceutical, Perfume Manufacturing, Oil Refining, Others) and By Region(North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) Forecasts, 2024-2032

Report Code: SRSC55913DR
Study Period 2020-2032 CAGR 9.9%
Historical Period 2020-2022 Forecast Period 2024-2032
Base Year 2023 Base Year Market Size USD XX.X billion
Forecast Year 2032 Forecast Year Market Size USD XX.X billion
Largest Market North America Fastest Growing Market Asia Pacific
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Market Overview

Hydroformylation catalysts are compounds that aid in the hydroformylation reaction, which includes the addition of synthesis gas (a combination of carbon monoxide and hydrogen) to an unsaturated organic compound, usually an olefin or alkene. The catalysts enhance the selective creation of aldehydes, a significant class of compounds utilized in producing various end products, such as plastics, detergents, and pharmaceuticals. The growing need for plastics in the packaging, automotive, and construction industries propels the hydroformylation catalysts market growth.

The agrochemical industry is another vital end market for Hydroformylation Catalysts. Catalysts for hydroformylation are used to create intermediates for synthesizing insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides. Population growth, urbanization, and the desire to increase agricultural yields and food production fuel the need for agrochemicals, which drive market growth. Hydroformylation Catalysts supply the intermediates required to produce therapeutics such as antibiotics, antivirals, and anticancer medications.

Market Dynamics

Global Hydroformylation Catalysts Market Drivers

Global Industrialization and Urbanization

Global industrialization and urbanization influence demand for various products, including chemicals and materials manufactured through diverse industrial processes. As economies grow, there is a greater need for infrastructure, consumer goods, and manufacturing activity, which leads to increasing chemical consumption. Hydroformylation catalysts play an important role in forming crucial chemical intermediates, making them essential to the industrialization and urbanization trends. China has been a leading example of fast industrialization and urbanization in recent decades. The country has seen significant expansion in industrial and infrastructural development. According to China's National Bureau of Statistics, the industrial sector would account for 39.3% of China's economic value added in 2022, followed by the service sector at 53.4%. This increase is due to industrialization and rising demand for chemicals and materials.

Furthermore, India is experiencing rapid urbanization, with an increasing proportion of the population moving to cities. This transition increases the demand for infrastructure development, housing, and consumer products. Shri Hardeep S. Puri, Minister for Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), stated that India is the world's second-largest urban system, with Indian cities housing 11% of the total global urban population. This continual urbanization drives the need for chemicals in construction, manufacturing, and other urban development activities. Hydroformylation catalysts help to produce critical chemical intermediates needed in construction materials, allowing manufacturers to meet the demand for infrastructure development. As a result, the hydroformylation catalysts market trend is projected to change over the forecast period.

Global Hydroformylation Catalysts Market Restraints

Cost and Availability of Precious Metal

Using precious metals, notably rhodium, as catalysts for hydroformylation processes presents cost and availability difficulties. Rhodium is one of the rarest elements in the Earth's crust, and its low natural abundance raises concerns about its long-term availability. Rhodium mining and refining processes are relatively complicated and can be influenced by geopolitical circumstances, adding uncertainty to the supply chain. Rhodium prices have fluctuated throughout the years. In April 2021, the price of rhodium peaked at USD 28,775 an ounce. However, prices fell throughout 2022 and early 2023, reaching USD 4,100 per ounce in August 2023. This was caused by rising demand, supply chain disruptions, and the metal's unique qualities for various applications, including catalysis. 

Such high prices can significantly increase the production costs of hydroformylation procedures that use rhodium-based catalysts. Manufacturers need help managing and reducing the effects of these cost changes. The high cost of rhodium can be a hurdle to the economic viability of hydroformylation procedures, particularly for large-scale commercial applications. To maintain market competitiveness, manufacturers must carefully consider cost-benefit dynamics. Reliance on rare and valuable metals creates supply chain vulnerabilities. Rhodium supply disruptions can impact the hydroformylation process's stability and continuity, whether caused by geopolitical events or market factors. 

Global Hydroformylation Catalysts Market Opportunity

Exploration of Green and Sustainable Catalyst

The growing emphasis on sustainable practices and green chemistry creates a significant opportunity for the hydroformylation catalysts industry. This includes developing and commercializing ecologically benign, energy-efficient catalysts that use non-precious metals while addressing cost, resource availability, and environmental impact. Exploration of base metal catalysts, such as iron or CobaltCobalt, as alternatives to precious metals like rhodium represents a considerable opportunity. Base metals are more abundant and less expensive, improving the economic viability of hydroformylation processes. For example, iron-based catalysts have been studied for hydroformylation processes. A study published in the Journal of Catalysis (2019) investigated the utilization of iron-based complexes for selective hydroformylation of olefins, demonstrating the efficacy of these alternatives.

Furthermore, enzymatic catalysis is a novel method for green chemistry in hydroformylation. Enzymes have excellent selectivity, gentle reaction conditions, and the potential for biocatalyst recycling. Also, using renewable feedstocks in hydroformylation processes is consistent with sustainable practices. Catalysts developed to convert bio-based feedstocks can help the chemical industry become more sustainable. Manufacturers can position themselves as pioneers in environmentally responsible chemical processes by taking advantage of the chance to develop green and sustainable hydroformylation catalysts, meeting regulatory standards and industry preferences.

Regional Analysis

The global hydroformylation catalysts market analysis is conducted in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and Latin America.

North America Dominates the Global Market

North America is the most significant global hydroformylation catalysts market shareholder and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 9.7% over the forecast period. Growth in essential industries such as agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, and plastics in North America will drive regional growth during the forecast period. The North American pharmaceutical sector is one of the primary users of Hydroformylation Catalysts. The region's pharmaceutical sector demand is driven by an increasing prevalence of chronic diseases, an aging population, and a growing demand for personalized medicine. The pharmaceutical sector in the United States accounts for around 45% of the market and 22% of worldwide production. In 2021, the industry earned more than USD 550 billion in revenue, which is projected to drive the market throughout the forecast period.

Furthermore, the growth and dynamics of North America's chemical sector substantially impact the demand for hydroformylation catalysts. Manufacturing activity, demand for specialty chemicals, and technological improvements are all contributing factors. Manufacturing contributed USD 2.3 trillion to the US GDP in 2022, accounting for 11.4%. In 2022, the US manufacturing industry employed 15.2 million people, accounting for 9.6% of total US employment. 

Asia-Pacific is anticipated to exhibit a CAGR of 10.0% over the forecast period. The Asia-Pacific region's fast industrialization, economic growth, and booming chemical manufacturing industries impact the hydroformylation catalysts market. The intense industrialization and economic development in Asia-Pacific drives demand for hydroformylation catalysts. Growing manufacturing activity in nations such as China and India increases the need for essential chemical intermediates.

Additionally, Southeast Asian countries, such as Vietnam and Indonesia, have experienced significant expansion in manufacturing. The construction of manufacturing hubs and industrial zones helps to enhance chemical use. According to the World Bank, the value added by manufacturing in East Asia and the Pacific (excluding high income) in 2022 was USD 5,648,018.83 in US dollars.  In 2022, the value-added from Singapore's manufacturing industry increased by around 134.52 billion Singapore dollars compared to the previous year. The region's robust chemical and petroleum sectors affect the European hydroformylation Catalysts market. Europe is the world's second-largest chemical producer after China. In 2021, Europe's chemical sales were 594 billion euros. According to McKinsey, a robust chemical sector is critical for Europe, as is Europe for the chemical industry's move to sustainability. 

Europe's petrochemicals sector returned to pre-pandemic levels, with chemicals output up 5.9% and primary plastics production up 10.2%. According to 2020 data, 29,000 enterprises (1.4%) operate in the chemical sector within the EU27, which indirectly impacts the regional market. Europe places a significant emphasis on sustainability and environmental rules. The demand for green and sustainable catalytic processes will affect market trends. Catalysts that meet ecological criteria may acquire popularity. The European Union (EU) intends to establish a sustainable Europe by 2030. The European Green Deal and the 8th Environment Action Programme (8EAP) are the foundation for the EU's sustainable policies and actions. These texts outline the EU's long-term vision for 2050 and the particular aims and circumstances required to realize it. 

In addition, the European Union (EU) intends to establish a sustainable Europe by 2030. The European Green Deal and the 8th Environment Action Programme (8EAP) are the foundation for the EU's sustainable policies and actions. These texts outline the EU's long-term vision for 2050 and the particular aims and circumstances required to realize it. They are expected to benefit the market during the forecast period.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
By Type
  1. Cobalt Based
  2. Rhodium Based
By Application
  1. Pharmaceutical
  2. Perfume Manufacturing
  3. Oil Refining
  4. Others
Company Profiles BASF SE Evonik Industries AG Eastman Chemical Company Clariant AG Sasol Ltd. Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP The Dow Chemical Company W. R. Grace & Co. Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation Lanxess AG Johnson Matthey Arkema SA Solvay S.A. Rhodia SA Huntsman Corporation
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Singapore Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global hydroformylation catalysts market is segmented based on type, application, and region.

The market by type is further segmented into Cobalt-Based and Rhodium-Based.

Rhodium-based accounts for the largest share of the market. The industry has long preferred Rhodium-based hydroformylation catalysts due to their high catalytic activity and selectivity in olefin hydroformylation processes. Rhodium complexes, which are frequently coupled with phosphine ligands, enable the incorporation of carbon monoxide and hydrogen into carbon-carbon double bonds. While practical, using rhodium presents cost and scarcity issues because it is a costly metal. Despite these obstacles, rhodium-based catalysts continue to find use in specialty chemical synthesis. The ongoing study focuses on improving ligand design and reaction conditions to improve the performance of rhodium-based catalysts, making them more sustainable and economically viable in light of changing industrial and environmental concerns.

Cobalt-based hydroformylation catalysts are a crucial area of catalysis, providing an alternative to valuable metals such as rhodium. Cobalt is more available and less expensive, making it an economically viable solution for hydroformylation operations. These catalysts are well-known for their flexibility, displaying performance over various substrates and reaction conditions. Cobalt-based catalysts frequently use phosphine ligands to improve activity and selectivity. Using Cobalt adds to a more sustainable and cost-effective method in industrial hydroformylation applications.

The market can be bifurcated by application into pharmaceuticals, perfume manufacturing, and oil refining.

Pharmaceutical contributes significantly to the market. The pharmaceutical segment is expected to grow significantly. Hydroformylation catalysts are essential in the pharmaceutical industry because they help to synthesize critical intermediates. These catalysts enable the selective addition of formyl groups to olefins, forming aldehydes, crucial building blocks for medicinal molecules. The pharmaceutical industry requires excellent precision, selectivity, and efficiency in catalytic processes. Hence, hydroformylation is an essential step in the synthesis of pharmaceutical intermediates. Researchers are constantly exploring and optimizing catalyst systems to suit the strict criteria of pharmaceutical manufacturing, resulting in the manufacture of high-quality and structurally complex compounds for drug development.

Hydroformylation catalysts are used in the fragrance and perfume industries to help produce aromatic aldehydes. These aldehydes, made through hydroformylation procedures, are essential ingredients in perfume and aroma formulations. The catalytic conversion of olefins to aldehydes enables the development of various complex fragrance characteristics. Selective hydroformylation is critical in this application to ensure that the intended aromatic aldehydes are produced with high purity and minimum production of undesirable byproducts. Catalyst development in this market is focused on making specific olfactory characteristics while also improving the overall efficiency of the perfume manufacturing process.

Market Size By Type

Recent Developments

  • October 2023- BASF and NZRCC signed a technical license agreement to manufacture isononyl alcohol.
  • January 2024- Evonik attained ISCC PLUS sustainability certification for specialized chemical production in Essen.
  • January 2024- BASF Monomers and Xuchuan Chemical further deepened their strategic partnership.
  • November 2023- Clariant, a specialty chemical business focused on sustainability, stated that it had agreed with Conser, a member of the MAIRE Group, to supply maleic anhydride catalysts. The partners will create next-generation catalysts based on Clariant's proven SynDane series to achieve higher production, cost efficiency, and sustainability.

Top Key Players

BASF SE Evonik Industries AG Eastman Chemical Company Clariant AG Sasol Ltd. Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LP The Dow Chemical Company W. R. Grace & Co. Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation Lanxess AG Johnson Matthey Arkema SA Solvay S.A. Rhodia SA Huntsman Corporation Others

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the key driver for the growth of the hydroformylation catalysts market?
Rising global industrialization and urbanization is the key driver for the growth of the hydroformylation catalysts market.
Asia Pacific region has the highest growth rate in the hydroformylation catalysts market.
The key players in the global hydroformylation catalysts market include BASF SE, Evonik Industries AG, Clariant AG, Sasol Ltd., The Dow Chemical Company, W. R. Grace & Co., Lanxess AG, Johnson Matthey, Arkema SA, Solvay S.A., Rhodia SA, Huntsman Corporation.
Rhodium-based segment is the leading segment for the market during forecast period.

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