Home Aerospace And Defense Main Battle Tank Market Report on Top companies & Segmental Analysis by 2032

Main Battle Tank Market

Main Battle Tank Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Component (Turret System, Internal Combustion Engine, Wheel and Tracks , Situational Awareness, Weaponry Systems, Others), By Weight (Light Weight, Medium Weight, Heavy Weight), By Solution (Line Fit, Retro Fit) and By Region(North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) Forecasts, 2024-2032

Report Code: SRAD55975DR
Study Period 2020-2032 CAGR 3.54%
Historical Period 2020-2022 Forecast Period 2024-2032
Base Year 2023 Base Year Market Size USD 5.23 Billion
Forecast Year 2032 Forecast Year Market Size USD 7.15 Billion
Largest Market North America Fastest Growing Market Asia Pacific
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Market Overview

The global main battle tank market size was valued at USD 5.23 billion in 2023. It is estimated to reach USD 7.15 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 3.54% during the forecast period (2024–2032). A major factor driving the global market for main battle tanks (MBTs) is the ongoing modernization and growth of armed forces across the globe, which is fueled by shifting security threats and geopolitical tensions. There is an increasing emphasis on arming armed forces with advanced armored vehicles, such as MBTs, to assure battlefield superiority and deter prospective enemies as countries look to improve their defense capabilities and retain strategic preparedness.

The main battle tank (MBT) is the ultimate form of armored combat; it is the best combination of protection, mobility, and firepower in today's modern warfare. These fearsome machines use a combination of composite armor, heavy-caliber cannons, and advanced targeting systems to engage and destroy opponent armored vehicles, fortifications, and soldiers. MBTs are distinguished by their adaptability; they can function in various settings, including open spaces and urban areas, and withstand challenging fighting circumstances.

They are the focal point of armored formations, supporting infantry troops with vital firepower and carrying out autonomous offensive actions. Continuous technological developments in the evolution of MBTs have ensured their relevance and efficacy in current and future wars. These advancements include firepower, mobility, survivability, and network-centric capabilities. MBTs remain essential tools for projecting force, preserving territorial integrity, and establishing battlefield supremacy in contemporary conflict situations as military doctrines and threats change.

Top 4 Key Highlights

  • Internal combustion dominates the component segment
  • Heavy weight dominates the weight segment
  • Retro fit dominates the solution segment
  • North America is the highest shareholder in the global market

Market Dynamics

Market Drivers

Military Modernization Programs

Main battle tank (MBT) capabilities are advancing significantly due to military modernization initiatives worldwide. Nations are investing in the creation and acquisition of advanced MBT platforms as they work to preserve or improve their military might. These modernization initiatives frequently combine the purchase of new MBTs equipped with state-of-the-art technologies with the renovation of current fleets to increase their operational longevity and efficacy. Manufacturers of MBTs can gain access to profitable contracts for the manufacture, modification, or refurbishing of MBTs through these initiatives.

China's growing dominance, especially close to India's frontiers and after the Galwan conflicts, presents a serious threat to India through its use of deceptive "grey zone" tactics. "Grey zone aggression is increasingly becoming a preferred strategy of conflict prosecution, with its scope enhanced by technological advancements," the COAS stated in the most recent address. Therefore, programs for military modernization are expanding. In order to keep MBTs at the forefront of ground combat operations, this acts as a spur for innovation and growth in the global MBT industry, propelling improvements in firepower, protection, mobility, and network-centric capabilities.

Market Restraint

Increasing Cost of Developing, Producing, and Maintaining Advanced MBT Platforms

The growing expenses associated with the creation, manufacturing, and upkeep of sophisticated main battle tank (MBT) platforms provide formidable obstacles for both defense procurement organizations and MBT producers. The requirement for improved mobility, protection, firepower, and digitalization has fueled the development of MBT technology, which has increased development and production costs in tandem. Cost increases are also a result of the incorporation of cutting-edge technologies like digital battlefield management systems, complex weapon systems, and improved armor materials.

Over their lifetime, sophisticated MBT fleets require significant investments in spare parts, maintenance facilities, training initiatives, logistical support, and the original acquisition costs. As a result, defense expenditures are under growing pressure, which makes deciding how to divide resources between conflicting security priorities challenging. Governments, the defense sector, and academic institutions must work together to find cost-cutting measures, improve procurement tactics, and prioritize investments in essential capabilities while maintaining the affordability and sustainability of MBT fleets for future defense requirements to address rising costs in MBT programs.

Market Opportunities

Technological Advancements

Technological developments are driving innovation and reshaping the future of armored combat, and they present a substantial opportunity in the worldwide main battle tank (MBT) industry. Numerous domains, such as mobility, protection, firepower, and digitization, are being addressed by these breakthroughs, which present significant prospects for technology providers, manufacturers, and defense contractors. With the introduction of its state-of-the-art main combat tank, the Merkava Mark 5, also dubbed "Barak," Israel made a major advancement in military prowess and technological know-how. The Israeli Defense Ministry's Armored Vehicles Directorate, the IDF's Ground Forces and Armored Corps, and several Israeli defense firms, such as Elbit Systems, Rafael, and the Israel Aerospace Industries subsidiary Elta, worked together to create the Barak tank.

Additionally, one field of technological progress is the improvement of firepower by creating next-generation primary armament systems with greater accuracy, range, and muzzle velocity. Advanced ammunition types, such as high-explosive anti-tank rounds and kinetic energy penetrators, further enhance the lethality of MBTs against contemporary threats. Moreover, improvements in armor materials and design methodologies raise protection thresholds and increase survivability against shaped charges, improvised explosive devices, and kinetic energy penetrators (IEDs). Another area of advancement is active protection systems (APS), which provide real-time threat detection and interception capabilities to stop incoming projectiles before they reach the vehicle.

Regional Analysis

Based on region, the global main battle tank market is bifurcated into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa. 

North America's main battle tank market share is expected to expand substantially during the 2024 to 2032. A major sector of the worldwide defense industry, North America's main battle tank (MBT) market is driven by several variables, such as military modernization programs, technological breakthroughs, and geopolitical considerations. North America is a major influence on the development and acquisition of MBTs since it is one of the top defense spending and innovation regions. The acquisition of cutting-edge MBTs is only one of the many ongoing military modernization initiatives in which the U.S. and Canada are engaged. In order to improve combat effectiveness, these programs frequently entail the creation or purchase of next-generation MBT platforms outfitted with cutting-edge technologies. For instance, to improve the mobility and survivability of the Abrams main battle tank on the battlefield, the U.S. Army has decided to forgo its present upgrading plans and instead embark on a more extensive modernization project, the service declared in a statement.

Moreover, according to the service, the Army will discontinue its M1A2 System Enhancement Package Version 4 program and instead develop the M1E3 Abrams tank, designed to meet the problems the tank is expected to confront on the battlefield in 2040 and beyond. The M1A2 SEPv4 variant was scheduled to be deployed to the service this past spring. This is expected to propel the regional market.

Asia-Pacific nations are carrying out significant military modernization initiatives in an effort to strengthen their defense capacities. Upgrading or replacing outdated MBTs with newer, more sophisticated platforms outfitted with contemporary technologies is becoming increasingly important as part of these initiatives. Through technology transfer agreements, joint ventures, and internal research and development programs, some Asia-Pacific nations, like South Korea and India, have established their capacity for producing MBTs. Producing MBTs domestically boosts the national military industry, increases self-sufficiency, and lessens reliance on outside sources.

For example, the Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) has received an order from the Indian Army for 118 Main Battle Tanks (MBT) Arjun, which are being constructed in the country. This order is likely the last one for the heavyweight tank. The order is expected to be finished by 2025–2026. In the meantime, India is looking for potential buyers for its MBT, or "hunter-killer," to maintain the production line. Among the heaviest tanks in the world, weighing in at 68.25 tons, the Indian Army now possesses 124 Arjun MBTs. The OFB has a contract to construct 118 improved Mk-1A variants. Such factors propel regional market growth.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
By Component
  1. Turret System
  2. Internal Combustion Engine
  3. Wheel and Tracks 
  4. Situational Awareness
  5. Weaponry Systems
  6. Others
By Weight
  1. Light Weight
  2. Medium Weight
  3. Heavy Weight
By Solution
  1. Line Fit
  2. Retro Fit
Company Profiles BAE Systems plc. Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG Defence Research and Development Organisation Hyundai Rotem Israel Military Industries Rheinmetall AG Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Nexter Systems BMC General Dynamics Corporation
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global main battle tank market is bifurcated into components, weights, and solutions.

Based on components, the global market is segmented into turret systems, internal combustion engines, wheels and tracks, situational awareness, weaponry systems, and others.

The internal combustion engine segment owns the highest market share. Main battle tanks (MBTs) rely on internal combustion engines (ICEs) for propulsion and power generation, making them an essential part of the MBT market. The internal combustion engine's (ICE) reliability, power density, and operating simplicity have kept it at the top of the propulsion technology food chain, even as hybrid-electric systems have emerged as viable alternatives. To power these massive armored vehicles over various terrains, MBTs rely on internal combustion engines, which are usually diesel engines tuned for military use.

Moreover, these engines are built to last and withstand rough conditions and need little maintenance. Engine design, combustion technology, and electronic engine management systems have all contributed to the steady improvement of internal combustion engines' efficiency and fuel economy. These upgrades help MBTs have longer missions without refueling as often because they have shorter logistical loads and longer operational ranges.

Based on weight, the global market is segmented into light weight, medium weight, and heavy weight.

The heavy weight segment dominates the global market. These heavy weight MBTs serve as the backbone of armored forces worldwide, embodying a perfect amalgamation of offensive and defensive capabilities to counter diverse threats across complex operational environments. In this competitive market segment, manufacturers continually strive to push the boundaries of innovation to maintain superiority on the battlefield. Key focus areas include advancements in firepower, with main armament systems featuring larger caliber cannons, increased muzzle velocities, and enhanced targeting capabilities, enabling precise engagement of armored vehicles, fortified positions, and other high-value targets at extended ranges.

Moreover, protection remains paramount, with heavy weight MBTs incorporating advanced armor technologies such as composite materials, reactive armor, and modular protection systems to withstand a wide array of threats, including kinetic energy penetrators, shaped charges, and improvised explosive devices. Active protection systems further bolster survivability by intercepting incoming threats before they impact the vehicle.

Based on solutions, the global market is bifurcated into line fit and retro fit.

The retro fit segment holds a dominant position. Retrofitting existing MBTs offers a sizable opportunity within the global main battle tank (MBT) industry. Given the limits on military resources and the rapid evolution of technology, several countries are choosing to modernize their existing MBT fleets instead of investing in brand-new systems. Retrofitting enhances combat capabilities, prolongs operational life, and keeps modern MBTs relevant on the battlefield by incorporating cutting-edge technologies, systems, and components into existing MBTs.

Moreover, the cost-effectiveness of retrofitting as opposed to purchasing new MBTs is one of the main motivators. Retrofit initiatives use the current infrastructure and logistics support systems while providing a more cost-effective means of improving the combat capability of aged tank fleets. Retrofit programs allow MBTs to satisfy present and future operational requirements without having to replace the entire platform by updating vital components, including electronics, mobility systems, firepower systems, and armor.

Market Size By Component

Recent Developments

Top Key Players

BAE Systems plc. Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG Defence Research and Development Organisation Hyundai Rotem Israel Military Industries Rheinmetall AG Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Nexter Systems BMC General Dynamics Corporation Others

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which region has the most share of main battle tanks market?
North America is the most significant global main battle tank market shareholder.
The Main Battle Tank (MBT) is a highly armored and mobile combat vehicle equipped with a large-caliber cannon and advanced targeting systems, designed to engage and defeat enemy forces in modern warfare.
The global main battle tank market was valued at USD 5.23 billion in 2023, growing at a CAGR of 3.54%.
The escalating costs of developing, producing, and maintaining advanced main battle tanks (MBTs) pose significant challenges for defense buyers and manufacturers.
Top 10 leading companies in global market are BAE Systems plc., Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. KG, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Hyundai Rotem, Israel Military Industries, Rheinmetall AG, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Nexter Systems, BMC, and General Dynamics Corporation.

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