Home Advanced Materials Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Market Size, Demand to 2031

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Market

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Applications (Cabinet, Flooring, Furniture, Molding, Door, and Millwork, Packaging System, Others), By End-User Sector (Residential, Commercial, Institutional) and By Region(North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) Forecasts, 2023-2031

Report Code: SRAM54652DR
Study Period 2019-2031 CAGR 5.2%
Historical Period 2019-2021 Forecast Period 2023-2031
Base Year 2022 Base Year Market Size USD 37.12 Billion
Forecast Year 2031 Forecast Year Market Size USD 58.60 Billion
Largest Market Asia Pacific Fastest Growing Market Europe
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Market Overview

The global medium density fiberboard (MDF) market size was valued at USD 37.12 billion in 2022. It is estimated to reach USD 58.60 billion by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 5.2% during the forecast period (2023–2031).


  • Furniture dominates the application segment
  • Residential dominates the type segment
  • Asia-Pacific is the highest shareholder in the global market

Medium-Density Fiberboard (MDF) panels can be designed using the specific MDF required because it is made with various physical characteristics and dimensions. MDF is a composite panel product normally made of cellulose fibers mixed with synthetic resin or another appropriate bonding agent, then pressed together under pressure and heat. In order to impart additional qualities, additives may be added during the manufacturing process. There are no knots or noticeable grain patterns; the surface is level, smooth, homogenous, and dense. These panels' uniform density profile enables complex and exact machining and finishing procedures for exceptional finished MDF items.

MDF is an unfinished composite panel type meticulously value-engineered for each application because it is created from leftover wood fiber, such as chips and shavings. As a result, product solutions are significantly more affordable than alternatives. In addition to being widely utilized in the production of kitchen cabinets, Medium Density Fiberboard Panels (MDF) are also ideally suited for the residential construction of contemporary homes, where cabinets and built-ins wonderfully display the performance of MDF. Interior moldings and trim can be painted, laminated, or machined. MDF is widely used in interior trim because it can be machined with incredibly precise tolerances.

Market Dynamics

Global Medium Density Fiberboard Market Drivers

Increase in the Demand for MDF for Furniture

Medium-density fiberboard (MDF) sheets became an alternative material for furniture fabrication because of features such as resistance, durability, dimensional stability, and low production costs. This allows the furniture industry to fit in the needs and requisitions posted regarding eco-friendly production. The cornerstone of the mass-manufacturing furniture sector and the material of choice for producers of ready-made furniture is medium-density fiberboard (MDF). Every day, there is a greater need for branded, ready-made, low-maintenance furniture, which drives up the need for MDF in furniture applications.

Additionally, the homogenous density profile of MDF enables producers of ready-made furniture to use complex and accurate machining and finishing methods to produce products with excellent final results. A World Bank report claims that the organized furniture market is expanding at a 20% yearly rate. This will increase the need for MDF in furniture manufacturing during the forecast period. Technology is an important trend in the future, shifting toward smart homes and appealing high-end furniture, creating the market potential for medium-density fiberboard (MDF).

Easy Availability of Raw Materials 

Emissions from building and furnishing materials, such as medium-density fiberboard (MDF), are potentially important contributors to indoor VOCs. The adhesive used to join the individual wood fibers comprising MDF panels contains formaldehyde. Several government regulations are anticipated to restrict the global MDF market throughout the forecast period. In Japan and the EU, MDF emission regulations have been in position for a long time.

Regulations to limit formaldehyde emissions from composite panels used in finished consumer goods were published by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) in 2007. Most of the manufacturers in the United States are following the CARB rules. The limit for Phase I of the regulation was not more than 0.21 parts per million. The CARB regulations Phase II limits for thin MDF became effective on January 1, 2012, which limits emissions to no more than 0.13 parts per million. Hence, the regulations above are anticipated to hinder market growth during the forecast period.

Global Medium Density Fiberboard Market Restraint

Stringent Government Regulations 

Some of the most critical problems with the design of sensor-based systems come from the interfaces. The numerous challenges associated with sensor interfaces are enough to complicate design and manufacture. They are enough to make design and production difficult, even if they are crucial for decoupling pieces and permitting reuse across many systems. More than a third of participants in a recent Fierce Electronics research on sensor design reported that their biggest challenge is integrating sensors into a design.

It can be challenging when users must combine numerous sensors into a single signal to report the data required by the system. Employing multiple sensors costs more than using a single sensor if everything else is equal. MEMS dice are needed to interface with the environment for sensing, interconnection, and actuation. MEMS packaging is application-specific, and the package allows the physical interface of the MEMS device to the environment. Harsh environments create different challenges for the packaging of MEMS, restricting market growth.

Global Medium Density Fiberboard Market Opportunities

Expansion of the Residential Sector

The residential sector is one of the major end-users of the MDF. It is widely used in the residential sector to manufacture kitchen cabinets and other cabinetry works. MDF is preferred where tight tolerances, smooth surfaces, and intricate machining are critical. The usage of MDF in cabinets also increases its aesthetic appeal. Moreover, MDF furniture is cost-effective, easy to install, and has a smooth finish. Hence, it is a preferred choice in the residential sector. The rising popularity of single-family homes in North America and European regions is also expected to impact the demand for MDF positively.

Additionally, the Asia-Pacific region has the largest construction industry in the world, and it is expanding at a healthy rate owing to urbanization, rising middle-class incomes, and population growth. In addition, India is anticipated to see investments in housing totaling roughly USD 1.3 trillion during the following seven years, when 60 million new dwellings are anticipated to be built. By the end of 2022, the "Housing for All by 2022" initiative of the Indian government seeks to construct more than 20 million affordable dwellings for the urban deficient. Therefore, it is expected to provide various opportunities for the growth of the MDF market in the country in the coming years.

Regional Analysis

Based on region, the global medium density fiberboard (MDF) market is bifurcated into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, and the Middle East and Africa.

Asia-Pacific Dominates the Global Market

Asia-Pacific is the most significant global medium density fiberboard (MDF) market shareholder and is anticipated to exhibit a CAGR of 6.57% during the forecast period. The demand for MDF in the region is rising due to the expanding construction activities in China, India, and Japan. China was responsible for about 40% of the worldwide share. The abundance of innovations in the residential and commercial construction sectors, backed by the expanding economy, has been a primary driver of the rapid expansion in the consumption of medium-density fiberboard (MDF) in China. In India, it is anticipated that the rate of affordable housing availability will increase by almost 70% by 2024. The "Housing for Everyone by 2022" initiative of the Indian government is also a significant game-changer for the sector. By 2022, this program seeks to construct more than 20 million affordable dwellings for urban poor people. As Japan will host the World Expo in Osaka, Japan, in 2025, the country's construction industry is anticipated to boom. Additionally, three development projects—Yaesu, Toranomon Azabudai District, and a 61-story, 390-m tall office tower—will be finished in 2023 and 2027, respectively. Such elements will probably increase the demand in the local MDF market.

Europe is projected to exhibit a CAGR of 4.40% over the forecast period. Europe's greatest economy is that of Germany. In Germany, public and private sector investments in infrastructural, residential, and commercial construction projects predominate. Commercial and non-residential structures in the nation are predicted to experience a significant increase in the years to come. Lower interest rates, rising real disposable incomes, and significant investments made by the German and European Union governments all contribute to the rise. In addition, the growth in the construction segment is expected to boost the MDF market in the country during the forecast period. Similarly, the country's housing crisis is a major area of focus for the new Social Democratic government in Germany. To oversee its housing plans, the government is establishing a brand-new ministry. The government intends to begin construction on more than 400,000 new housing units annually by 2022, 100,000 of which will get public funding. This is anticipated to increase German demand for MDF and fuel the regional market growth.

North America is expected to grow significantly over the forecast period. The North American region includes the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. The U.S. is the largest market contributor in the region. Building information modeling (BIM) use and rising infrastructure and commercial construction spending in the United States will create market opportunities throughout the forecast period. Due to improved living conditions and a gradual increase in disposable income, consumers are replacing furniture more frequently than in the past. These are some of the factors that are propelling the furniture industry forward. Furthermore, aesthetic considerations, the need for customers to feel at ease in their homes, and the acceptance of online shopping are major contributors to the market's growth. In contrast to September 2021's USD 12,388 million and October 2021's USD 11,114 million, the US Census Bureau reports that the monthly retail sales of furniture and home furnishing retailers in the US was USD 12,439 million in October 2021. The increasing furniture segment is expected to augment the MDF market in the forecast period.

In South America, the market is growing considerably. With over 1,400 green buildings and projects, Brazil is South America's largest green-certified building market, creating an opportunity for MDF. In addition, several multi-family housing construction projects started in Brazil in Q3 2021, which can create ample opportunity for MDFs in the country. Furthermore, the revenue in the furniture market is expected to amount to USD 13,146 million in 2022 in Brazil, as per Statista. The increase in furniture revenue is expected to augment the market.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
By Applications
  1. Cabinet
  2. Flooring
  3. Furniture
  4. Molding, Door, and Millwork
  5. Packaging System
  6. Others
By End-User Sector
  1. Residential
  2. Commercial
  3. Institutional
Company Profiles Kronoplus Limited Arauco Sonae Indústria Kastamonu Entegre Daiken Corporation EGGER Group Eucatex SpA Duratex Masisa SA (Grupo Nueva Company) Fantoni SpA Nelson Pine Industries Limited SWISS KRONO Roseburg
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global medium density fiberboard (MDF) market is segmented by application and end-user sectors.

Based on application, the global medium density fiberboard market is segmented into cabinet, flooring, furniture, molding, door and millwork, packaging system, and others. 

The furniture segment owns the highest market share and is estimated to exhibit a CAGR of 5.46% during the forecast period. MDFs are used in beds, sofas, wardrobes and cupboards, tables and desktops, and other furniture. MDF has a more stable index on average from 720 to 870 kg/m3. Due to its high density, MDF has good moisture resistance compared with other types of wood. Furthermore, its rigid structure contributes to the reliable retention of fittings, making it suitable for furniture applications. The growing furniture market is expected to drive the MDF market demand through the forecast period. The increasing demand for modern office interiors offering a comfortable and productive working environment will likely contribute to the increasing demand for wooden furniture in commercial applications. In addition, the rapid commercialization across developing economies and the need for cutting-edge modular furnishing to generate a better learning atmosphere in operational spaces are anticipated to enhance market revenue.

MDFs are widely used to manufacture kitchen cabinets and other cabinetry works. MDF is preferred where tight tolerances, smooth surfaces, and intricate machining are critical. Using MDF in cabinets also increases its aesthetic appeal and is a preferred choice in the residential sector. These fiberboards are widely used owing to their lightweight and easy handling capabilities. In addition, the cabinet market is supported by homeowner interest in installing more and larger cabinets to deliver additional storage space; design trends, such as islands and counter-style seating, incorporate more cabinets into residential kitchens. Moreover, manufacturers' efforts to include more amenities in cabinets, such as LED lighting, pull-out shelves, and racks, are expected to support the cabinet market in the upcoming period.

Based on the end-user sector, the global medium density fiberboard market is divided into residential, commercial, and institutional. 

The residential segment is responsible for the most significant market share and is anticipated to exhibit a CAGR of 5.53% over the forecast period. Due to its superior grade, MDF is considered more stable than solid wood. MDF has better resistivity towards changes in heat and humidity and is preferred for furniture, cabinetry, and flooring. MDF is used in decorative doors and panels, sculptures and moldings, beds, sofas, etc. The growing construction of residential projects worldwide is expected to drive the market for MDF through the forecast period. The global trend toward nuclear families, migration from hometowns to service industry clusters, and population growth influence residential construction.

Additionally, the application of MDF in the residential construction segment globally has been driven by the declining land-to-population ratio and the growing trend of building high-rise residential buildings and townships. Further, the trend away from office workspaces has increased demand for more versatile and functional home furnishings, which will drive growth in the MDF market.

In the institutional sector, MDF is used in schools, hospitals, libraries, and laboratories in computer tables and workstations, tables and desktops, shelves, cabinets, whiteboards, doors, etc. The growing construction of schools and hospitals is expected to facilitate the growth of MDF in the institutional sector. In addition, the education sector is expanding rapidly due to the rise in the school-going population. This factor has facilitated the foundation of many educational institutes in recent years. Both the government and private sectors are increasingly investing in education. This factor is estimated to propel the growth of the MDF market.

Market Size By Applications

Market Size By Applications
  • Cabinet
  • Flooring
  • Furniture
  • Molding, Door, and Millwork
  • Packaging System
  • Others
  • Recent Developments

    • June 2022- Kronoplus invested EUR 400 million to construct a new manufacturing facility for wood-based panels on 25 hectares in Tortosa with a planned annual output of 720,000 m3. This will increase the company's MDF (medium-density fiberboard) market share.
    • October 2022- Rushil Décor, a world leader in smarter living solutions that transform contemporary residential and commercial spaces, expanded its global operations with the establishment of a first-of-its-kind, world-class, agroforestry-based, sustainable, environment-friendly future boards (medium-density fiberboard or MDF) manufacturing plant in Achutapuram, Andhra Pradesh, India.

    Key Players

    Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Market Share of Key Players

    Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) Market Share of Key Players
    Kronoplus Limited Arauco Sonae Indústria Kastamonu Entegre Daiken Corporation EGGER Group Eucatex SpA Duratex Masisa SA (Grupo Nueva Company) Fantoni SpA Nelson Pine Industries Limited SWISS KRONO Roseburg Others

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    How big is the medium density fiberboard (MDF) market?
    The global medium density fiberboard (MDF) market size was valued at USD 37.12 billion in 2022. It is estimated to reach USD 58.60 billion by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 5.2% from 2023 to 2031.
    The furniture market sector is expected to dominate over the forecast period.
    Key verticals adopting MDF include: - Kronoplus Limited, Arauco, Sonae Indústria, Kastamonu Entegre, Daiken Corporation, EGGER Group, Eucatex SpA, Duratex, Fantoni SpA, Roseburg.
    Asia Pacific region has the largest share of the MDF market.
    Upsurge in the demand for MDF for furniture, and easy availability of raw materials are the key trends in MDF market.

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