Home Automotive and Transportation Global Market study on Monorail systems with Size & Share Forecast by 2032

Monorail Systems Market

Global Monorail Systems Market: Information by Type (Suspended Monorail, Straddle Monorail), Autonomy (Semi-autonomous, Manual, Completely Autonomous), Propulsion Type (Maglev Monorail, Electric Monorail), Automation (GoA0, GoA1, GoA2, GoA3, GoA4), Size (Large, Medium, Compact), and Region (North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) - Forecast Till 2032

Report Code: SRAT56319DR
Study Period 2020-2032 CAGR 4.4%
Historical Period 2020-2022 Forecast Period 2024-2032
Base Year 2023 Base Year Market Size USD 6.5 Billion
Forecast Year 2032 Forecast Year Market Size USD 9.6 Billion
Largest Market Asia-Pacific Fastest Growing Market Europe
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Market Overview

The global monorail systems market size was valued at USD 6.5 billion in 2023 and is projected to reach USD 9.6 billion by 2032, registering a CAGR of 4.4% during the forecast period (2024-2032). Growth in urbanization, space optimization, and cost efficiency will likely drive demand for monorail systems during the projection period.

Monorail systems are a type of transportation system that uses a single rail or beam to move trains or vehicles. These systems are distinguished by elevated or ground-level guideways supporting and directing monorail vehicles along their course. Monorail systems are commonly employed in urban areas, amusement parks, airports, industrial sites, and other applications that demand efficient, high-capacity transportation. 

Increasing demand for dependable transportation, environmental sustainability, and rising traffic congestion have driven the desire for clean and spacious transportation systems, the primary reasons driving the monorail systems market. Furthermore, expanding infrastructure development and increasing the need for dependable and environmentally friendly public transportation systems will likely drive demand for monorail systems in the coming years. However, its poor passenger carrying capacity limits market expansion. Monorails can only have four to six cars at a time and sometimes up to eight. This is why governments in some developing countries favor rapid transport systems or metros over monorails. Nonetheless, its environmental friendliness, which runs on electric and magnetic energy, may make it a popular alternative for intra-city transportation in the coming years.

Top 5 Key Highlights

  • Straddle Monorail accounts for the largest market share by type.
  • Completely Autonomous generates the most share by autonomy.
  • Electric monorails topped the market by propulsion type.
  • GoA2 influenced the market by automation.
  • Medium size led the market by size.

Market Dynamics

Market Drivers

Urbanization and Population Growth

As cities worldwide grow and expand, there is an increased demand for efficient and sustainable urban transportation solutions. Monorail systems are an appealing solution for meeting the transportation needs of constantly expanding metropolitan populations. In cities such as Tokyo, Japan, and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, monorail systems have been effectively incorporated into existing transit networks to provide seamless connectivity, alleviate congestion, and improve mobility for inhabitants. According to the United Nations, the worldwide urban population is expected to reach 68% by 2050, with cities housing more than two-thirds of the global population. This rapid urbanization trend pushes the demand for mass transit systems capable of efficiently moving many people within cities. Monorail systems are well equipped to meet this demand due to their high capacity, ability to operate in crowded urban contexts, and smaller land footprint than typical rail systems.

Furthermore, governments and urban planners are expanding their investment in urban infrastructure projects to handle growing populations and improve city life. Monorail systems are funded and supported by government agencies as part of larger projects to improve urban mobility, alleviate traffic congestion, and promote sustainable transportation. Japan's Diet passed the Green Transformation Promotion Act in May 2023, with the government aiming to mobilize over 150 trillion yen in private investments over the following decade to secure a steady energy supply and boost decarbonization efforts. Monorail networks are being expanded in places such as Sao Paulo, Brazil, and Mumbai, India, due to government-led initiatives to upgrade public transit and address urban mobility difficulties.

Market Restraints

High Initial Cost

One of the biggest barriers to adopting monorail systems is the significant initial expenditure required for planning, designing, building, and executing such systems. The construction of monorail infrastructure, which includes elevated guideways, stations, and rolling stock, requires significant capital investment. Governments, municipalities, and private investors may hesitate to commit to large-scale monorail projects due to financial limits and worries about return on investment. According to industry estimates, the cost of constructing a monorail or elevated MRT train system ranges from USD 100 million to USD 500 million per kilometer, depending on the route's complexity and technology.

In the Mumbai Monorail, which started in 2010, the monorail service was anticipated to cost INR 2.0 billion, or around INR 850 million (USD 10 million) per kilometer. From 2011 until 2031, approximately 135 kilometers (84 miles) of line will be built in phases. The monorail service and the metro lines have been alleged to have suffered losses. The project experienced repeated setbacks, delays, and cost overruns, prompting public mistrust and criticism of its viability and affordability.

Moreover, high initial investment costs can significantly reduce the viability and feasibility of monorail projects, especially in areas with limited financial resources or competing infrastructure priorities. Governments, municipalities, and private investors may hesitate to commit to large-scale monorail projects without guarantees of cost-effectiveness, return on investment, and long-term viability.

Market Opportunity

Tourism and Leisure

The tourist and leisure business provides significant potential for the monorail system market. The Walt Disney World Resort in Orlando, Florida, is home to one of the world's most recognizable monorail systems. The resort's monorail acts as both a mode of transportation and a significant tourist attraction, offering easy access to the resort's different theme parks, resorts, and entertainment facilities. The monorail provides picturesque views of the resort's attractions and works on a looping path, allowing tourists to commute between sites easily. The Walt Disney World Monorail exemplifies how monorail systems may improve the tourism experience by providing visitors with a unique and memorable way to explore and navigate enormous entertainment complexes.

Additionally, tourism spending grew by 13.5% in 2023 after reaching 50.4% in 2022. Every year, billions of people travel for leisure, business, and cultural experiences, making the tourism industry a key contributor to the global economy. The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) estimates that international tourist visits will reach 1.3 billion in 2023, representing 88% of pre-pandemic levels. This represents a 33% increase from 2022. Over 285 million tourists traveled internationally in the first quarter of 2024, accounting for 97% of pre-pandemic levels. The UNWTO predicts international tourism will fully rebound in 2024, with arrivals up 2% from 2019. As tourism destinations strive to attract visitors and distinguish themselves in a competitive market, investments in transportation infrastructure, such as monorail systems, can improve accessibility, connection, and visitor pleasure. 

Regional Analysis

The global monorail systems market analysis is conducted in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and Latin America.

Asia-Pacific is the most significant global monorail systems market shareholder and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 4.6% over the forecast period. Several reasons contribute to Asia-Pacific's quick growth in the monorail systems market. The region is rapidly urbanizing and growing population, creating a greater demand for efficient and sustainable transportation options. Monorail systems provide a feasible option for mass transit in heavily populated urban areas, reducing traffic congestion and pollution.

Secondly, many Asia-Pacific countries invest significantly in infrastructure development, especially transportation projects. Governments prioritize building public transportation networks to increase connection and mobility for their citizens. Monorail systems are being installed as part of these endeavors to provide dependable and high-capacity transportation solutions. Expectations are high for restoring Mumbai monorail services after the first coach of the four-car mono train arrives at the Wadala depot in March 2024. The Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) has tasked Medha SMH Rail Pvt. Ltd with acquiring ten four-car trains. Furthermore, Alstom, a well-known proponent of intelligent and sustainable transportation, announced the start of trial passenger service on Bangkok's MRT Pink Line. Thailand's Prime Minister, Mr Srettha Thavisin, inaugurated the new rail service on November 21, 2023, with gratis public trials available until December 30, 2023. 

Moreover, technical improvements and innovations in the monorail systems market fuel growth in the Asia-Pacific region. Manufacturers are creating cutting-edge monorail trains and equipment that incorporate characteristics like automation, digitalization, and energy economy. These developments make monorail systems appealing to governments and transit bodies seeking modern, sustainable transportation alternatives.

Europe is anticipated to exhibit a CAGR of 4.8% over the forecast period. Europe trails Asia-Pacific regarding Monorail Systems Market share due to increased desire for pollution-free transportation, with electric monorail being the appropriate answer. Furthermore, the European region constantly works to reduce its carbon footprint, establishing various carbon-related regulations and standards. Countries like Istanbul have Europe's largest monorail network, while other countries invest in monorail projects. Istanbul has begun building on Europe's largest monorail network. It covers 47 kilometers (29 miles) and eventually transports 200,000 passengers daily.

North America is an important market player that is likely to contribute significantly to market revenue. Monorail is the region's favored public transit means due to technological advances and a strong government commitment to lessen the region's carbon impact. For example, in 2023, Alstom obtained an order for operation and maintenance services worth around 250 million Euros from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and Newark Liberty International Airport in the United States. Alstom will provide operations and maintenance services for its Innovia monorail system, AirTrain Newark, through January 2030.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
By Type
  1. Straddle Monorail
  2. Suspended Monorail
By Autonomy
  1. Semi-autonomous
  2. Completely Autonomous
  3. Manual
By Propulsion Type
  1. Electric Monorail
  2. Maglev Monorail
By Size 
  1. Large
  2. Medium
  3. Compact
By Autonomous
  1. GoA0
  2. GoA1
  3. GoA2
  4. GoA3
  5. GoA4
Company Profiles Bombardier Corporation CRRC Corporation Limited Hitachi Rail Ansaldo STS BYD Company Ltd General Electric Alstom S.A. Thales Group SIEMENS AG Mitsubishi Electric ABB
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Singapore Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global monorail systems market is segmented based on type, autonomy, propulsion type, automation, and size.

The market is further segmented by type into Suspended Monorail and Straddle Monorail. Straddle-type monorails dominated the worldwide monorail system market in 2023 due to their greater capacity to carry passengers than suspended types. Straddle monorail systems use a single rail or beam that runs above or below the monorail vehicles. The vehicles straddle the beam, with their wheels or tires running along its sides to provide stability and steering. Straddle monorails are widely employed in urban transit systems, airports, and industrial sites to provide efficient and high-capacity transportation options. These systems are distinguished by their elevated guideways, small land footprint, and ability to operate in congested urban situations. Straddle monorails are adaptable, cost-effective, and visually appealing, making them attractive alternatives for transit projects worldwide. Thus, straddle-type monorails are preferred for busy and frequent transportation. 

The suspended type is most commonly utilized in zoos, parks, and other small locations with few passengers. Suspended monorail systems use a single rail or beam suspended from an overhead support structure, like cables or pylons. The monorail vehicles dangle beneath the beam and are supported by wheels or tires running along the bottom. Suspended monorails are commonly employed in urban transit systems, theme parks, and tourist attractions, providing a distinctive and futuristic means of transportation. These systems offer breathtaking vistas, minimum ground disturbance, and route design flexibility, making them ideal for negotiating rugged terrain and densely populated urban areas.

The market is fragmented based on autonomy into Semi-autonomous, Manual, and Completely Autonomous.

The utterly autonomous sector held most of the market share. Monorail systems that function completely autonomously require no direct human intervention; instead, they depend on modern automation technology, sensors, and artificial intelligence algorithms to regulate and manage all elements of train operation. These systems provide automatic propulsion, braking, navigation, station stops, and obstacle detection capabilities, allowing trains to run safely and effectively without the need for onboard operators or external controllers. Completely autonomous monorail systems provide various benefits, including better safety, reliability, and operational efficiency, lower labor costs, and the potential to increase capacity and frequency of service. The segment is expanding due to its features, which include high reliability and safety, greater availability, short system delivery, seamless integration, and growing installation.

Manual monorail systems rely heavily on human operators or drivers to manage and run the trains. These systems require manual input for acceleration, braking, and navigation, and operators are in charge of adhering to timetables, handling passenger boarding and alighting, and responding to operational issues or crises. Manual monorail systems may have a limited automation capability compared to semi-autonomous or fully autonomous systems. Still, they can provide efficient and dependable transit solutions, especially in smaller-scale or less technologically advanced situations.

The market can be further bifurcated by propulsion type into Maglev Monorail and Electric Monorail. Electric monorails led the global monorail system market in 2023. Electric monorails require less manufacturing time and expense than maglev trains. Hence, they account for about 80% of the worldwide revenue share. Furthermore, because Maglev trains are far faster than electric monorails, they are unsuitable for short-distance runs such as intra-city transportation or within urban areas. Electric monorails have a speed range of 80 to 100 kilometers per hour, whereas maglev trains may travel more than 500 kilometers per hour. An electric monorail is a rail-bound method of transportation that uses independently operated cars to move along the rail system. Switch points can be used to implement branch points along a line.

Maglev (magnetic levitation) monorail systems use magnetic forces to lift and push trains along their guideways. These systems use electromagnets onboard the trains to interact with magnetic coils implanted in the guideway. This results in a magnetic field that elevates and propels the trains without physically contacting the track. Maglev monorail systems have advantages over standard wheel-on-rail systems, including lower friction, less noise, and faster speeds. These systems are noted for their smooth and comfortable rides, making them ideal for high-speed transit applications, including interstate travel and airport shuttles.

Based on automation, the market is divided into GoA0, GoA1, GoA2, GoA3, GoA4. GoA2 monorails are more popular worldwide because they are more effective at decreasing accidents while improving overall train performance. GoA2 trains are equipped with Automatic Train Protection (ATP) and Automatic Train Operation (ATO) technologies and run under observation. These are some of the key elements driving the expansion of the electric monorail systems industry. GoA3 systems are fully automated and driverless, which means there are no human operators or drivers in the trains. These systems use advanced automation technologies, sensors, and AI algorithms to regulate and manage all aspects of train operation, such as propulsion, braking, door operations, and route navigation. 

The market is sub-segmented by size into Large, Medium, and Compact. Medium monorail systems are between large and compact in size, capacity, and infrastructure requirements. These systems use moderate-sized trains with a moderate passenger capacity, providing a balance of efficiency and flexibility for transportation projects in cities and suburbs. Medium monorail systems are suitable for commuter train services, regional transportation lines, and transit links in towns with modest transit demand. Large monorail systems are distinguished by their extensive size, capacity, and infrastructure requirements. These systems often use long trains with several cars and a high passenger capacity, making them ideal for transporting many passengers long distances.

Market Size By Type

Market Size By Type
  • Straddle Monorail
  • Suspended Monorail
  • Recent Developments

    Key Players

    Monorail Systems Market Share of Key Players

    Monorail Systems Market Share of Key Players
    Bombardier Corporation CRRC Corporation Limited Hitachi Rail Ansaldo STS BYD Company Ltd General Electric Alstom S.A. Thales Group SIEMENS AG Mitsubishi Electric ABB Others

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    What is the estimated growth rate (CAGR) of the Market?
    The global monorail systems market size was valued at USD 6.5 billion in 2023 and is projected to reach USD 9.6 billion by 2032, registering a CAGR of 4.4% (2024-2032).
    Asia-Pacific is the most significant global monorail systems market shareholder and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 4.6% over the forecast period.
    Monorail systems are a type of transportation system that uses a single rail or beam to move trains or vehicles.
    One of the biggest barriers to adopting monorail systems is the significant initial expenditure required for planning, designing, building, and executing such systems.
    The tourist and leisure business provides significant potential for the monorail system market.

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