The global silicon photonics market size was valued at USD 1137 million in 2022. It is projected to reach USD 12740 million by 2031, growing at a CAGR of 27.84% during the forecast period (2023–2031).
Silicon Photonics is in high demand worldwide to help shape new data center architectures. The development of innovative technologies like the next-generation microelectronic chip is fueling the expansion of this market. As more people want to store, interpret, and share the generated content, there has been a corresponding surge in data traffic. As a result, the trends of the Internet of Everything (IoE) and cloud computing will be supported by silicon photonics technology for effective data management. It's built to work with cognitive computing and extensive data analysis to provide a quick and accurate response. In the future, silicon photonics will replace the more conventional optics technology, allowing for much faster data transmission. Optoelectronic interconnect is being developed to support various applications in response to the need for faster data transfer at higher baud rates and lower power levels.
|Market Size||USD 12740 million by 2031|
|Fastest Growing Market||Europe|
|Largest Market||North America|
|Report Coverage||Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends|
It is challenging for traditional copper cables to keep up with the increasing demand for high-speed data transfer. This spectrum constraint is avoided through optical interconnects and silicon photonic transceivers. Silicon photonics-based communication networks use less energy because of the low power consumption of silicon photonics-based components like transceivers, interconnects, and switches. Companies like CISCO and Intel have developed high-speed optical switches with a six ns switching latency. In contrast to traditional products, Silicon photonic products are based on on-chip integration, which helps reduce product size and power consumption.
A laser is necessary for high-speed optical data transmission because it generates light that is both frequency and color pure. Silicon photonics can employ either an on-chip or an off-chip light source. Compared to an off-chip light source, an on-chip light source has superior performance in terms of energy efficiency and energy proportionality, as well as a higher integration density and smaller footprint. Laser sources integrated into a silicon chip present unique challenges due to the inherent complexity of the technology. Additionally, since various light sources use various light sources, integrating an on-chip laser is a complicated process that slows down the market.
Optical interconnects for short-range communications are extremely promising in terms of the expansion of communication infrastructure. Short-range communication systems can benefit significantly from Silicon Photonics technology. This innovation enables data transmission at speeds of up to 400 Gbps and distances of up to 10 kilometers. Several companies, including Intel, Luxtera, Molex, and STMicroelectronics, are working to improve both transmission speed and range. The innovation revolutionized the energy requirements of data transfer and helped reduce global lighting energy consumption. In light of this, silicon photonics technologies will likely gain traction in short-range data communication within data centers.
The global silicon photonics market is bifurcated into four regions, namely North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.
North America is the most significant shareholder in the global silicon photonics market and is expected to grow during the forecast period. Significant regional companies are spending on research and development of data communication solutions. The increasing demand for data storage facilities and the trend toward more efficient data transmission rates are significant factors propelling the market forward. Cisco Systems is implementing rapid changes to incorporate embedded silicon photonic functionalities to reduce the estimated cloud workload of 94% and associated costs. Large businesses are always looking for new ways to expand their operations. Players are also investing in photonic integrated circuits to accommodate the massive increases in internet traffic brought on by social media, video streaming services, working from home, the Internet of Things, and the general digitization of the country.
Europe is expected to grow during the forecast period. Much of the world's research into fundamental photonics originates in Europe, giving the continent an international foothold. Due to industry development activities, Germany is expected to show a significant growth rate over the forecast period. The region's potential market is huge and expected to be used for more than just telecoms and datacoms. Silicon photonics is currently being targeted at wavelengths beyond the visible and mid-infrared. PIX4Life and MIRPHAB are two European pilot line projects that are currently testing silicon nitride for visible-range confinement and germanium-on-silicon architectures for mid-infrared applications.
With the expected massive increase in data traffic that will accompany the introduction of 5G in the Asia-Pacific region, data centers must be prepared to handle increased traffic volumes while maintaining communication speeds and quality. The Indian government's MeghRaj program is increasing the speed with which e-services can be delivered while minimizing wasteful ICT expenditures, which should benefit the silicon photonics industry. Investments in miniaturized electronics are expected to contribute significantly to the market economy thanks to the presence of crucial semiconductor and telecommunication device manufacturers like China, Japan, and South Korea.
Cancer, vision correction, endoscopy, and other diseases can all be monitored and treated thanks to the investments in telecommunications and Fiber optics by significant players and healthcare providers in the Middle East. The public and private sectors in the Middle East and Africa are collaborating to increase the use of defense technology, laser material processing, visual art, bio-photonics, agriculture, and robotics. High-performance computing and data storage and sharing are using the region's silicon photonics. Participating in international conferences, seminars, and trade shows allows new South African companies to network with established service providers and financial backers, who can help fund more groundbreaking studies into the many potential uses for silicon photonics optoelectronic integrations.
The global silicon photonics market is segmented by component and industry.
Based on components, the global silicon photonics market is bifurcated into active and passive.
The passive segment is the highest contributor to the market and is expected to grow during the forecast period. Fiber optic communication systems typically use these because they operate in the infrared at the 1.55-micrometer wavelength. The silicon on insulators is typically placed on top of a silica layer. Because silicon is the substrate for most integrated circuits, it is possible to produce hybrid devices in which the electronic and the optical components are integrated onto a single microchip using standard semiconductor fabrication techniques for silicon photonic devices.
Based on industry, the global silicon photonics market is bifurcated into telecommunications, aerospace, military and defense, and medical & life sciences.
The telecommunications segment is the highest contributor to the market and is expected to grow during the forecast period. A recent article in Frontiers Media explains how silicon photonics is widely used in fabricating transmitters and receivers for fiber optics. Therefore, the demand for silicon photonics is expected to increase during the forecast period due to the rising production of communication devices like smartphones and the widespread adoption of new technologies like 5G, 4G/LTE, etc. The increasing demand for data storage facilities and the trend toward more efficient data transmission rates are significant factors propelling the market forward. Data traffic is expected to skyrocket in the coming years as the number of people using the internet and smart devices spreads around the world. Therefore, authorities must invest in enhancing data centers to cope with astronomical demands.
Some of the key players in the global silicon photonics market include