Home Automotive and Transportation Terminal tractor market size and share analysis till 2030

Terminal Tractor Market

Terminal Tractor Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Application (Airport, Marine Port, Oil and Gas, Warehouse and Logistic), By Drive Type (4x2, 4x4, 6x4), By Tonnage (<50 Ton, 50-100 Ton, >100 Ton), By Type (Manual, Automated), By Propulsion (Diesel, Electric, Hybrid) and By Region(North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) Forecasts, 2022-2030

Report Code: SRAT54603DR
Study Period 2018-2030 CAGR 4.5%
Historical Period 2018-2020 Forecast Period 2022-2030
Base Year 2021 Base Year Market Size USD 790 Million
Forecast Year 2030 Forecast Year Market Size USD 1078 Million
Largest Market Asia Pacific Fastest Growing Market Europe
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Market Overview

The global terminal tractor market size was valued at USD 790 million in 2021 and is anticipated to reach an expected value of USD 1,078 million by 2030 at a CAGR of 4.5% during the forecast period (2022-2030).

A terminal tractor is a semi-truck that moves semi-trailers inside a cargo yard, warehouse, or intermodal facility like a switcher locomotive positions a railcar. A shunt truck, spotter truck, spotting tractor, yard truck, yard shifter, yard dog, yard goat, yard horse, yard jockey, and hostler are additional names.

An automated terminal tractor is necessary to deliver the highest performance possible to end users. Like the automated terminal tractor that Konecranes debuted in 2017 with a remote operating station, a specially created GUI, and an IT system that communicates with the Terminal Operating System (TOS). With this tractor, port operations may handle containers 25% more efficiently. The development of touch displays, rear-view cameras, GPS systems, microcontrollers, sensors (ultrasonic, Bluetooth, temperature, climate control, and environmental), and telematics systems is also being pursued by several terminal tractor manufacturers.

Key Highlights

  • Warehouse and Logistic dominates the market by Application. 
  • 4x2 dominates the market by Drive Type.
  • <50 dominates the market by Tonnage.
  • The automated segment dominates the market by Type.
  • Electric dominates the market by Propulsion.
  • Asia-Pacific dominates the market by region.

Market Dynamics

Market Drivers

Stringent Safety Regulations and Requirements

Safety laws and criteria significantly influence the market for terminal tractors. Handling great goods and navigating confined spaces during terminal operations can be dangerous for people and equipment. Strict laws and standards are upheld in these settings to guarantee safety.

Terminal tractors have safety features such as anti-collision systems, cameras, sensors, and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) to reduce accidents and improve operating safety. The availability of safety-enhancing features and compliance with safety requirements are important factors influencing fleet operators' and terminal operators' purchasing decisions in Global.

Increasing Demand for Efficient Cargo Handling

The growing need for effective cargo handling operations in ports, terminals, and logistics facilities is driving the market for terminal tractors in Global. The purpose of terminal tractors, often referred to as yard spotters or shunt trucks, is to move cargo trailers or containers in small spaces. Terminal tractors are essential in streamlining operations, cutting turnaround times, and optimizing the movement of products due to the growing volume of cargo transportation in Global.

The superior maneuverability, high torque, and powerful engines that terminal tractors are outfitted with enable them to manage huge loads in confined locations efficiently. The need for terminal tractors is increased by the capacity to move cargo trailers or containers swiftly and safely, which boosts production and operational efficiency in logistics hubs.

Market Restraint

Competition from Other Modes of Transportation

Other forms of transportation, such as trucks, and trains, compete with the terminal tractor sector. These transportation options may be more affordable for certain businesses than terminal tractors. Trucks and trains can move farther and carry more cargo than terminal tractors. Due to this, they have become a more appealing alternative for companies that need to ship heavy loads over long distances.

The growth of the Global terminal tractor market is significantly constrained by competition from other means of transportation.

Market Opportunity

Growing Adoption of Automation in the Warehousing and Logistics Industry

One major factor propelling the expansion of the Global terminal tractor market is the increased usage of automation in the warehousing and logistics sector. In automated warehouses and distribution centers, terminal tractors are used to move goods without the assistance of humans. This enhances these facilities' production and efficiency.

The warehousing and logistics business is adopting automation for a variety of reasons. The rising demand for e-commerce is one of the causes. The number of products that need to be stored and dispatched is rising as e-commerce businesses grow. This is putting pressure on distribution centers and warehouses to increase their productivity.

Regional Analysis

The global terminal tractor market is segmented by region into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, the Middle East and Africa.

Asia-Pacific Dominates the Global Market

Asia-Pacific dominates the market and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.6% during the forecast period. It's anticipated that the Asia-Pacific terminal tractor market will expand. The rise in demand for terminal tractors in the warehousing and logistics sector is credited with driving the market's expansion. Trailers and containers are moved in and around warehouses, ports, and distribution centers using terminal tractors. The market for terminal tractors is expanding because of the rising demand for e-commerce. The demand for terminal tractors to transport goods from warehouses to distribution centers is rising as e-commerce companies expand their businesses.

Europe holds the second place and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 4.0%during the forecast period. Due to the robust economies of European nations such as Germany, the United Kingdom, and Spain, as well as the presence of prominent terminal tractor manufacturers, Europe is anticipated to be the largest market during the forecast period. Through their dealer and distribution networks, Konecranes, Kalmar, MAFI, CVS Ferrari, and MOL CY are major manufacturers that serve the global market. Additionally, this region has a high rate of automation technology adoption. Equipment with a high level of automation increases efficiency. This area contains automated terminals like the ECT Delta Port terminal (Netherlands) and the HHLA CTA terminal (Germany). It is anticipated that the number of automated terminals will increase in this region, spurring the expansion of terminal tractors.

North America holds the third position in the market. The increasing demand from the logistics and e-commerce industries is driving the terminal tractor market in the United States. According to the United States Census Bureau, e-commerce retail transactions in the United States totaled USD 204.6 billion during the third quarter of 2021. In addition, the development of advanced technologies and automation in the terminal tractor market, along with improved work efficiency and reduced human error, will propel the U.S. terminal tractor market forward. There are 25,242 terminal tractors in operation in the United States and Canada. Traditional OEMs include Autocar, Kalmar, Terberg, Capacity Trucks, and TICO Tractors.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
By Application
  1. Airport
  2. Marine Port
  3. Oil and Gas
  4. Warehouse and Logistic
By Drive Type
  1. 4x2
  2. 4x4
  3. 6x4
By Tonnage
  1. <50 Ton
  2. 50-100 Ton
  3. >100 Ton
By Type
  1. Manual
  2. Automated
By Propulsion
  1. Diesel
  2. Electric
  3. Hybrid
Company Profiles Kalmar Konecranes MAFI Toyota Material Handling Jungheinrich Crown Equipment Corporation Hyster-Yale Material Handling Doosan Infracore Utilev
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global terminal tractor market is segmented based on Application, Drive Type, Tonnage, Type, Propulsion, and Country.

Based on Application, the Global market is segmented by Airport, Marine Port, Oil and Gas, Warehouse, and logistics.

Warehouse and Logistics dominated the market and are expected to register a CAGR of 5.4% over the forecasted period. Terminal tractors are explicitly created to provide the capabilities needed in these conditions. Terminal tractors are specially designed vehicles for moving and relocating large trailers and containers in places of business such as airports, seaports, warehouses, and logistics facilities. In order to help the operator, these machines have cutting-edge features and inventive designs. Working with heavy industrial machines requires a balance of efficiency and safety, so the operator must be entirely in control when operating one.

Based on Drive Type, the Global market is segmented into 4x2, 4x4, and 6x4.

The 4x2 segment dominates the market and is expected to register a CAGR of 4.3% over the forecasted period. Mega and jumbo trailers can only be handled by 4x4 terminal tractors. These are the most modern, high-capacity terminal tractors with an all-wheel drive system. 4x4 drive terminal tractors do not have a significant Asian-Pacific market due to their high cost and high maintenance. However, due to the high demand for terminal tractors that can carry heavy loads, the number of 4x4 terminal tractors is rising in developed nations like Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Due to their low cost and maintenance requirements, 4x2 terminal tractors are becoming increasingly common in developing countries like India, China, Argentina, Brazil, Australia, and New Zealand.

Based on Tonnage, the Global market is segmented into <50, 50-100, and>100 Tons.

<50 dominated the market and is expected to register a CAGR of 5.0% over the forecasted period. Numerous businesses provide terminal tractors with various tonnages. At port terminals and in the logistics industry, empty containers are stacked using terminal tractors with a tonnage capacity of 50 tonnes. The expansion of seaborne trade has increased the need for terminal tractors with a tonnage capacity of less than 50 tonnes because more heavy containers (those weighing more than 20 tons) are being transported at port terminals. For instance, Kalmar offers the T2E terminal tractor with a lifting capacity of 37 tonnes and 50 tonnes in accordance with the needs of the sector. 6x4 terminal tractors with a load capacity of 21–30 tonnes are available from HOVA. Additionally, Konecranes provides terminal tractors with a 50-ton load capability.

Based on Type, the Global market is segmented into Manual and Automated.

Automated dominated the market and is expected to register a CAGR of 5.9% over the forecasted period. More than 90% of terminal tractors are still driven by hand. These are the traditional kind and have been used for many purposes over the years. Manual tractors can work even when the machines are not in perfect working order because human operators can work around flaws in each piece of equipment or deal with exceptions in operational procedures. Contrarily, automated equipment must function without a hitch to prevent it from limiting the terminal's functionality. The performance of a manual terminal tractor is often not significantly affected by the replacement or repair of a single machine or component. Some developing and developed nations are seeing an increase in demand for automated terminal tractors, which is anticipated to drive the industry.

Based on Propulsion, the Global market is segmented by Diesel, Electric, and Hybrid.

Electric dominated the market and is expected to register a CAGR of 7.6% over the forecasted period.

Market Size By Application

Recent Developments

  • April 2023- MAFI stated that a significant international logistics company had placed a 20-terminal tractor order with them. The order is for a diesel-electric terminal tractor made by MAFI, the T20. Delivery of the order is anticipated to take place in the fourth quarter of 2023.
  • Feb 2023- Toyota Material Handling declared that a new diesel-electric terminal tractor had been released. The terminal tractor is known as the 8FD15 and has a 15-ton capacity.

Top Key Players

Kalmar Konecranes MAFI Toyota Material Handling Jungheinrich Crown Equipment Corporation Hyster-Yale Material Handling Doosan Infracore Utilev Others

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How big is the Terminal Tractor Market?
The global terminal tractor market size was valued at USD 790 million in 2021 and is anticipated to reach an expected value of USD 1,078 million by 2030 at a CAGR of 4.5% during the forecast period (2022-2030).
Growing Adoption of Automation in the Warehousing and Logistics Industry which boosts the market.
The Warehouse and Logistics segment led the market and is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 5.4% during the period of analysis.
The global market’s prominent key players include Kalmar, Konecranes, MAFI, Toyota Material Handling, Jungheinrich, Crown, and Equipment Corporation.
Asia-Pacific dominates the market and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.6% during the forecast period.

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