The global ultraviolet (UV) disinfection equipment market size was worth USD 1495 million in 2021 and is projected to reach an expected value of USD 6285 million by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 17.3% during the forecast period (2022 - 2030). This is referred to as ultraviolet disinfection when harmful microorganisms are eradicated or rendered inert in a designated setting. These microorganisms can be found between bacteria, viruses, algae, and protozoa. In addition to being used in many other applications for disinfection and sterilization, UV disinfection is also used to purify the air, water, and sewage. UV disinfection technology has several benefits, including disinfecting water more quickly than chlorine without using bulky retention tanks or hazardous chemicals. The cost-efficiency of UV disinfection equipment is outstanding.
The primary force behind market growth is increased consumer and governmental awareness of the health risks associated with traditional chemical-based disinfectants. Furthermore, a water tank can be treated by UV disinfection equipment in 10 seconds instead of 20 seconds for a chlorine-based disinfectant. The market is also anticipated to grow due to quick action, simple installation, low maintenance, and lower operating costs. Furthermore, it is expected that quick action, simple installation, little maintenance, and lower operating costs will propel the market's expansion. The environmentally friendly operation of this equipment makes it even more desirable. The need for UV disinfection equipment is expected to experience growth due to the predicted expansion of the chemical and healthcare industries. Additionally, rising demand for UV-C led lamps for air treatment, and surface disinfection in response to the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak is anticipated to fuel market expansion.
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Cost-Effectivity Compared to Other Methods of Disinfection
In addition to chlorine, other disinfection techniques like ozonation and ultrasonic disinfection are also used. Due to improved water treatment capabilities, these techniques are efficient disinfection methodologies. However, compared to UV disinfection, these techniques are more expensive. Additionally, because ozonation is highly complex, UV disinfection is used in many applications, promoting market expansion.
New Government Initiatives
Government regulations support UV disinfection in water treatment, which is expected to boost market growth. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has made Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule. This rule shows that UV disinfection is the best alternative to meet the Cryptosporidium inactivation objectives. In addition, the EPA has released a guidance manual for UV disinfection (UVDGM), which informs about the dosage, implementation, operation, monitoring, and validation. Since it is a relatively new system that is being used for disinfection, several organizations are undertaking testing, research, and implementation of UV systems and then communicating the result to water treatment authorities such as municipalities so that they can make the right decisions about the use of UV disinfection system. UV testing facilities have been set up in Jonestown, NY, and Portland to test the UV reactors for transmission of 70 to 98% and flow up to 40 MGD. The following table illustrates the UV dosage requirements as per the EPA guidelines.
Lack of Residual Ability of UV Disinfection Equipment
Chlorine is present in water from the treatment facility to the water tap in households or other commercial establishments, providing residual treatment throughout the journey. In the case of UV disinfection, it only treats water at the treatment plant or storage tanks. However, it is not present in the water through its transportation channel. If any pathogen enters the water during transit, chlorine can kill or inactivate the pathogen, while UV disinfection material does not have this residual ability. Therefore, UV disinfection equipment's lack of residual ability does not allow killing pathogens that enter the water in transit. This factor is expected to restrain the market growth, as pathogens that attack in transit cannot be tackled.
Millennium Development Goals of the UN
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of the UN include assurance of environmental sustainability, which includes providing drinking water access to the global population, especially in emerging nations like India and China. The program runs in most parts of the world, and these drinking water treatment plants offer new growth horizons for the UV disinfection equipment market in the water treatment application. Since most of these plants are newly developed, they must suit the infrastructural requirements of UV disinfection equipment better than older plants.
The global ultraviolet disinfection equipment market is segmented into the end-use industry, application, component, marketing channel, and region.
Depending on the end-use industry, the global market is classified into residential, commercial, and industrial. The residential segment was the highest contributor to the market share and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 20.6% during the forecast period. Rapid urbanization and industrialization in Asia-Pacific developing nations like India and China have led to air and water pollution, which impacts precipitation and the quality of natural water resources. In addition, the market for UV disinfection equipment is anticipated to grow as demand for clean, safe drinking water rises due to population growth and the depletion of freshwater resources. Thus, to provide clean water to every individual, the government of developing countries such as India has launched initiatives such as “Piped Water for All by 2024”. Such government initiatives lead to a rise in demand for UV disinfection equipment for the treatment of drinking water, which is expected to drive the growth of the UV disinfection equipment market eventually.
As per application, the global market is segregated into water treatment (municipal, residential, and commercial), wastewater treatment, air treatment (healthcare facilities, residential & commercial, and bioterror agents), food & beverage disinfection, and surface disinfection. The water treatment segment was the highest contributor to the market share and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 20.6% during the forecast period. Rapid industrialization has caused air and water pollution in developing nations like China and India, impacting rainfall and the quality of natural water resources. Furthermore, the market for UV disinfection equipment is anticipated to benefit from increased demand for clean and safe drinking water brought on by population growth and a decline in freshwater resources. Additionally, given the scale at which crops are produced, any pathogen outbreak could negatively affect crop quality and yields, resulting in a loss of revenue. Rapid industrialization has caused air and water pollution in developing nations like China and India, impacting rainfall and the quality of natural water resources.
Furthermore, the market for UV disinfection equipment is anticipated to benefit from increased demand for clean and safe drinking water brought on by population growth and a decline in freshwater resources. Additionally, given the scale at which crops are produced, any pathogen outbreak could negatively affect crop quality and yields, resulting in a loss of revenue. This results in the demand for UV disinfection equipment to treat irrigation water and free it from plant pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes. Such factors are anticipated to increase the demand for UV disinfection equipment for water treatment.
Based on components, the global market is classified into UV lamps, quartz sleeves, controller units, reactor chambers, and others. The controller unit segment was the highest contributor to the market share and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 20.2% during the forecast period. The controller unit is the brain of the entire UV system. This part controls the lamp's electrical output and powers it to produce UV-C light. Some controllers are just plugs and simple caps that go over the end of the lamp. Depending on the type of UV system, other controllers may be more complex and include lamp-change timers, low-UV alarms, or trouble indicator lights to display when the system is not operating as it should. These units range in size and complexity, but they all essentially perform the same function. The Controller unit manages the overall electrical output of a UV lamp and powers the lamp to produce UV-C light to disinfect water. As the disinfection equipment's main operational component, the demand for smart controller units over conventional controller units has increased significantly. With the help of lamp change timers, UV alarms, and trouble indicator lights, the traditional smart unit controller enables customers to schedule a service appointment for the disinfection equipment at the appropriate time interval. The market for UV disinfection equipment is expected to grow due to this factor, which is also expected to increase demand for smart controller units.
Depending on the marketing channel, the global market is divided into direct marketing and indirect marketing. The direct marketing segment was the highest contributor to the market share and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 20.2% during the forecast period. According to the Pew Internet & American Life Project, more than 93% of teens (12–17) and young adults (18–29) in the U.S. use the internet regularly, and more than 70% use social networking sites. Owing to increased Internet usage and social media like Facebook and Instagram, it has become easy for companies to promote and sell their products globally without directly communicating with consumers. In addition, it is a cost-effective method for promoting and selling products compared to direct marketing channels, where sellers promote and sell products by contacting people or going door to door. The use of indirect marketing channels to promote and sell products like UV disinfection equipment is expected to drive the market's growth.
Region-wise, the global ultraviolet disinfection equipment market is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.
Regional Growth Insights Request Sample PagesThe North American UV disinfection equipment market was the highest contributor to the market share and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 20.5%. The market is primarily driven due to the development of new UV disinfection equipment, which is low in cost, more effective, environmentally friendly, easy to operate, and residue-free. Moreover, the rise in concerns regarding environmental and health impacts of disinfection, chemical, and biological contaminants such as byproducts in wastewater and supply water provide lucrative opportunities for market growth in the future. Furthermore, the increase in demand for UV disinfection equipment shows the acceptance of this technology in the market. Technological advancements to innovate novel products and their proper applications add opportunities for the players to grow their market share in this region.
Furthermore, the increase in incidences of pandemic diseases such as H1N1, chronic illnesses, and the aging population is enhancing the growth of the UV disinfection market in North America. It is noted that UV technology has almost displaced chemical treatment, as it is environmentally friendly and safe to use. Therefore, the ultraviolet (UV) disinfection equipment market is strong competition to chemical-based industries in this region.
Asia-Pacific is the second largest region. It is projected to reach USD 2470 million by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 19.9%. The market for UV disinfection equipment has increased due to safety concerns and other advantages over chemical-based disinfection methods. The leading cause of water-borne diseases in developing nations like China and India is contaminated water. Moreover, it is common practice in India to discharge industrial and municipal waste into water. Governments in China are under pressure to act to address airborne health risks because of the country's rising chemical toxicity. The market for UV disinfectants has also expanded more quickly now that everyone has access to safe drinking water. Opportunities are opening up for this market in the Asia-Pacific as a result of industrialization and urbanization. Government support and cost-efficiency are expected to drive the growth of this market. Initiatives taken by government authorities to prevent the outbreak of diseases such as hepatitis, cholera, and diarrhea, which are caused due to contaminated water, are employing the UV disinfectant equipment market.
Europe is the third largest region. UV disinfectant equipment is proven to be the most advanced and safe alternative for disinfection as it has no harmful byproducts and low effluent toxicity, unlike chemical disinfection. There is no change in its color, odor, or taste, which adds to the advantage of this technology and has accelerated its market growth. UV disinfectant equipment has been known for centuries; however, in the last decade, it has occupied a significant position in niche markets, especially the water treatment sector. The adverse effect on the environment of using chemicals has shifted the preference toward UV disinfectant systems and is the primary factor for the growth of this market.
Furthermore, public awareness has necessitated water and wastewater treatment with UV technologies rather than chlorine and other chemicals. Moreover, the innovation of novel products in water treatment industries is increasing due to energy reduction and low carbon emission, bringing significant opportunities for the market. The climatic drift, urbanization, rise in population and need for a secure water supply drive the market growth, providing opportunities for the players in this region.
List of key ultraviolet disinfection equipment market suppliers