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Wind Energy Market

Wind Energy Market: Information by Type (Offshore and Onshore), End-User (Industrial, Commercial, and Residential), and Region — Forecast till 2030

Published At : 14 Jul, 2022
Updated At : 26 Aug, 2022
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Market Snapshot
Base Year:
2021
Study Period:
2020-2030
CAGR:
9.5 %
Fastest Growing Market:
Europe
Largest Market:
Asia Pacific

The global wind energy market size was worth USD 71 billion in 2021 and is projected to reach USD 160 billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 9.5% during the forecast period (2022-2030). Wind energy is a renewable energy form that relies entirely on the wind. Hydrogen energy can be stored in three different forms: liquid, solid, and gaseous. Wind energy is turned into electric energy by a generator in a wind turbine. Wind energy is used in various ways, including wind pumps, electrical wind generators, and wind battery charging.

The industry is expected to develop due to the rising demand for renewable energy sources and growing government concern about decarbonization. Compared to traditional power sources, floating wind turbines can dramatically cut carbon emissions. Furthermore, when choosing a location for a wind power facility, an offshore wind turbine removes the sea depth constraint.

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Market Dynamics-

Market Drivers:

  • The Surge in Demand for Renewable Power Sources

A significant surge in demand for renewable power sources is expected to drive market growth. In addition, growing concern from the government for cost-effective energy solutions will further enhance the market growth. Furthermore, renewable power such as floating wind turbines can be utilized in isolated coastal areas where supplying power through conventional power plants is a big challenge for industry players.

  • Higher Efficiency Than Fossil Energy Sources

Wind energy is more efficient than fossil energy sources (coal, natural, and oil). Wind turbines have a maximum efficiency of up to 59 percent, whereas fossil fuels have a maximum efficiency of 35-45 percent. Additionally, land-based onshore turbines are more cost-effective than fossil fuels. With robust investment in the wind energy sector and growing interest from industry players, the wind energy sector will witness a further reduction in energy prices, which will drive market growth.

  • Environment Friendly and Reduced Carbon Emission

A rise in concern from governments for environment-friendly energy sources across the globe is expected to boost the growth of the global wind energy market growth. As the offshore and onshore wind turbine consumes zero amount of conventional fossil power, it reduces the carbon emission during power generation.

Market Restraint:

  • Expensive Installation and Maintenance Cost of Offshore Wind Plants

Installation of a wind turbine with multiple mooring lines and anchors is costly at the initial stage. There are few sites across the globe with high wind speed, and setting up new wind firms in those places will lead to high installation costs. For instance, setting up a new wind firm will cost around $2,200/KW, with a maintenance cost of about 20-25% of the total levelized price per kWh. Such factors hinder the growth of the global wind energy market.

Market Opportunities:

  • Advancements In Wind Turbine Structure

A technological breakthrough in wind turbine structure, such as the "Twisted Jacket" type with fewer nodes and components, may be a permanent alternative against the heavy storm. The inward battered guide structure offers a robust and secure system and lowers installation expense. Such new development will generate further opportunities in the market.

 

Segmental Analysis:

The global Wind Energy Market share is segmented based on type, end-user, and region. 

  • On the Basis of Type

Based on type, the global wind energy market forecast is segmented into offshore and onshore. The onshore segment dominated the global wind energy market, growing at a CAGR of 9.2%. Fixed wind turbines produce onshore wind energy on land. Onshore energy production cost is lower than offshore due to low installation and low additional infrastructure costs. The cost of offshore wind energy can be as low as $20/MWH. However, an onshore wind turbine setup requires a large area, with turbine-to-turbine separation of around 7 times the diameter length of the turbine rotor. Easy installation and low production cost make it a suitable option for low investment. Furthermore, with new investment in the market, the production cost of offshore wind energy will gradually decrease, negatively impacting the market growth.

Most of the bulk of an offshore wind turbine is submerged and supported by either a fixed construction or a floating foundation. The wind turbine may generate electricity in water depths where a solid foundation is impossible. Multiple mooring lines and anchors are used to secure the turbine to the seabed. The floating wind turbine market is predicted to grow due to the significant demand for renewable energy sources. In addition, unlike traditional power sources, such turbines reduce carbon emissions. Furthermore, the floating wind turbine technology, a type of offshore turbine, removes the water depth constraint, making it easier to choose the best location for power generation.

  • On the Basis of End-User

Based on end-user, the global wind energy market analysis is classified into industrial, commercial, and residential. The industrial segment dominated the global market, growing at a CAGR of 10.3%. Industrial end-user of wind energy consists of various power sectors. Some major industrial wind turbine plant manufacturers include General Electric, Nordex Group, and Vestas. At the current stage, the onshore turbine has significant demand in the industrial end-user segment, owing to easy installation and reduced capital investment, which can be paid back in 2 years. The industrial end-user segment accounted for a significant revenue share in 2021, owing to increased demand for renewable energy sources in the manufacturing sectors.

Additionally, wind energy has considerable demand in rural and isolated industrial areas, where grid power is unavailable. However, the market is currently dependent on government support and subsidy schemes. As the number of investors gradually increases in the wind energy market, the price of wind energy will slowly improve.

Commercial wind energy is generally below 100 KW rating. Various business firms, schools, educational institutions, and other corporations are utilizing the power of commercial wind energy. Vestas and General Electric are significant manufacturers of commercial-scale wind turbines. Commercial wind energy, specifically offshore wind energy, can increase electricity production by 3-4 times that of current electricity production in countries such as the U.S. and Canada. The commercial market is expected to witness steady growth during the forecast period. This is attributed to new growing investment in the energy market to achieve the goal of reduced emissions. 

Residential wind energy turbine is in the range of 5-15 KW. It is effective in isolated and rural areas where grid power is unavailable. Residential wind energy can reduce electricity bills by up to 70%. Generally, residential wind plant is installed for agriculture and water pumping applications. Major players offering wind turbines for residential end-user include Bergey Windpower Co. and Unitron Energy. The wind energy plant requires large land for installation and enough wind flow for consistent electricity production. However, tax incentives and rebate schemes, where one can sell excess energy during a specific timeframe, will further create new market opportunities.

 

Regional Analysis:

Based on region, the global wind energy market share is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and LAMEA.

Wind Energy Market Regional Analysis

Regional Growth Insights Request Sample Pages

Asia-Pacific and North America to Witness Significant Growth

Asia-Pacific dominates the market, growing at a CAGR of 9%. Asia-Pacific consists of China, India, Japan, South Korea, Australia, and the rest of Asia-pacific. China primarily dominates the wind energy market due to high foreign investments in the renewable energy market. Additionally, the market has significant demand from industrial power sectors. Further, the rise in demand for sustainable energy sources in the various end-user market drives the market growth in the projected timeframe.

Asia-Pacific is expected to witness substantial growth, owing to the impact of productivity improvements. The emerging Asian-Pacific economies are adopting various foreign equipment, thus, improving production efficiency. India is one of the key players in the renewable energy market. India reiterated its commitment to clean energy and reducing carbon emissions. India's increased focus on renewable energy is outlined in the national budget that aims to increase the share of renewable energy in total energy generation.

Europe is the second-largest region. It is estimated to reach USD 4180 million by 2030 growing at a CAGR of 10.6%. The European floating wind turbine market is analyzed across France, Germany, the UK, Spain, Italy, and the rest of Europe. Intense R&D activities and the presence of governing bodies such as The European Wind Energy Association will encourage growth opportunities in the European market. The renewable energy target is expected to play an essential role in boosting the market's growth. Wind energy will allow many European countries to continue cost-effectively decarbonizing their power systems and transforming energy systems. With over 90 GW of wind power due to being installed in the next five years, it is expected that Europe could reach 277 GW of installed capacity by 2023. As a result, the floating wind turbine market is also expected to grow. 

The North American market comprises the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. U.S. and Canada accounted for more than 90% market share. Some major players in North America include General Electric Company and Vestas Wind Systems A/S. Ongoing infrastructural investments and innovative city projects are significant factors influencing the commercial wind energy market growth. The North American market has a high potential to generate around 3-4 times of electricity than current electricity production. It has the potential to harness the amount of wind energy during the forecast period. New infrastructural investments and wind energy projects are expected to impact this market growth positively. In May 2018, General Electric installed 40 GW of onshore wind power in this region. This capacity was enough to power around 11 million homes in North America. At the current stage, wind energy production is regulated under various power purchase agreements, where end-users like corporate firms purchase wind energy from wind farms.

 

Competitive Landscape

  • American Electric Power Company Inc
  • Siemens General Electric
  • Vestas Wind Systems A/S
  • Enercon GmbH
  • Exelon Corporation (EXC)
  • NextEra Energy Inc
  • Xcel Energy Inc
  • Avangrid, Inc
  • Ameren Corporation

 

Recent Developments by Key Players

  • May 2022 - ENERCON announced they had signed a Turbine Supply Agreement (TSA) with Ripple Energy. Under this agreement, ENERCON will install eight E-92 Wind Energy Converters (WECs) at Kirk Hill, Ayrshire in Scotland, with a total installed capacity of 18.8 MW.
  • April 2022 - ENERCON has installed the first E-nacelle for a customer WEC. The E-160 EP5 E3 is erected at the wind farm in Hämelhausen (Lower Saxony / Germany), one of three wind energy converters based on the new WEC concept. For WEC manufacturer ENERCON, this is an essential milestone on the road to even more competitive products.
  • January 2022 - NextEra Energy Resources announced JPMorgan Chase has started to use its Optos software platform to help the global financial services firm optimize its energy use and reduce its carbon footprint.
  • June 2022 - Vestas has secured a conditional order agreement to supply 64 V235-15.0 MW wind turbines for EnBW's 900 MW He Dreiht offshore wind project in 2025. In addition, Vestas will deliver a multi-year solution to service the wind project when operational.
  • June 2022 - ERG, the Italian leading independent operator, producing energy from renewable sources, has placed a 101 MW order for the Mineo Militello Vizzini wind park, to be located in Sicily, Italy. The contract includes the installation and supply of 24 V136-4.2 MW wind turbines and a multi-year Active Output Management (AOM 5000) service agreement.
  • May 2022 - The expansion of renewable energy is expected to accelerate in the coming decade. Vestas will support this growth by improving the scalability of new wind power solutions and increasing business case certainty for customers. To keep the projected growth and increased penetration of renewables in the global energy mix, Vestas introduced the V163-4.5 MW, expanding the Vestas 4 MW platform and offering superior wind park performance in medium to low wind conditions.
  • May 2022 - A subsidiary of American Electric Power, Southwestern Electric Power Company (SWEPCO), has announced intentions to integrate three renewable energy projects totaling 999 megawatts (MW). A USD initiative reveals a 2.2 billion investment in clean, cost-effective resources. SWEPCO plans to submit a new request for proposal (RFP) for additional renewable energy shortly, by the company's integrated resource plan for its energy and capacity requirements.
  • April 2022 - AEP Energy Partners (AEPEP), a wholly-owned subsidiary of American Electric Power (Nasdaq: AEP) company, seeks proposals for off-take from new and existing solar and wind facilities located in the PJM service region to support the company's growing retail and wholesale loads in Ohio including the recently passed Columbus, Ohio Electric Service Aggregation Program.
  • March 2022 - American Electric Power's 998-megawatt (MW) Traverse Wind Energy Center, the largest single wind farm constructed in North America and one of the most extensive wind facilities worldwide, is operational. Traverse is expected to produce 3.8 million megawatt-hours of clean energy annually and is owned by AEP's Public Service Company of Oklahoma (PSO) and Southwestern Electric Power Company (SWEPCO). The 356-turbine facility spans Blaine and Custer counties in north-central Oklahoma.

 

Market Segmentation:

By Type

  • Offshore
  • Onshore

By End-User

  • Industrial
  • Commercial
  • Residential

By Region

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • LAMEA
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