Emergency lighting is an electronic light technology, specifically adopted for two purposes; firstly, it is adopted to reduce the potential injury of the occupants in case of any emergency situation such as fire, storm or any natural disaster. Fluorescent light and LEDs are mainly adopted as lighting sources in the emergency lighting industry. Certain laws and regulations by both national and local regulatory agencies have resulted in the mandatory adoption of emergency lights in residential, commercial, and industrial applications.
Emergency light and exit sign are mainly adopted to ensure a safe exit from any location or buildings by providing clear visual conditions in finding the escape routes. These LED exit signs have gained a wide range of popularity, owing to its low energy consumption, increased lifespan, and reasonable price. Various regulatory agencies such as Nation Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) have set up certain standards for exit sign implementation.
For instance: According to NFPA in United States, exit signs must be lit to provide a working at-lest 1.5 hours of light in case of an emergency when building lights fail. This has resulted in the mandatory adoption of exit signs in every commercial, industrial, and residential infrastructure, thereby propelling the market growth. Based on the type, the market is bifurcated into emergency lights and electrical exit signs, non-electrical exit signs and general emergency lighting.
Emergency Lightings market is expected to grow at CAGR of 10.30% with market size worth USD 5.8 billion in 2020 over the forecast period 2019–2026.
Buildings primarily represent an important structure where fire accidents can have fatal consequences. Therefore, strict norms and fire safety regulations have been put in place specifically for buildings. The buildings should be designed in such a way that there are appropriate provisions for early warning of fire and appropriate means of escape in case of fire from the building to a place of safety outside the building. For instance, there are various regulatory agencies which govern the emergency lighting and exit sign requirements such as Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Rules and regulations set by these agencies and local authorities should be followed during the construction of buildings. For instance, OSHA’s requirement for lighting and marking exit routes are covered under 1910.37(b) and states that the exit routes must be adequately lighted so that a person with normal vision can see along the route. Exit signs must be illuminated to a surface value of at least 54 lux by reliable light source. Elector-luminescent signs with a minimum surface value of 0.06 foot-lamberts are permitted.
The growing adoption of electrical equipment coupled with modern lifestyles has mainly resulted in the increased dependency on electricity. Power failure is the major issue faced in business, educational, and in other sectors. Regular usage of fluorescent lights results in the increased emission of carbon dioxide and ultraviolet radiation, owing to the presence of hazardous raw material such as mercury. This has mainly resulted in the adoption of eco-friendly and energy efficient light source. Adoption of LED exit signs powered by rechargeable batteries increases the efficiency and individual safety. Emergence of new and cost-efficient technologies in LED lighting market have resulted in lowering the LED prices. The main characteristics such as energy saving, increased life-span, and eco-friendly nature has resulted in the increased adoption of LED products.
The global emergency lighting market is segmented by type, application, and region.
On the basis of type, the emergency lighting market is segmented into emergency lights & electrical exit signals, non-electrical exit signals, general emergency lighting. Electrical exit signs also termed as illuminating exit signs, is mainly embedded with LED light strips to provide red or green illumination. It possesses either battery backup system integrated with it or provision for the connection to the emergency backup power to keep the exit sign on, in case of any power outage. Increase in the fire outbreaks in both residential and commercial infrastructure has resulted in the adoption of strict safety regulations, thereby presenting a lucrative opportunity for the global participants in the exit sign market. According to the Singapore Civil Defense Force (SCDF), in 2017, 68.6% of the total fires took place in residential premises and 12.1% in commercial and industrial. In 2017, the most common fire hazard occurred owing to exit signs not being illuminated, which contributed to 25.9% of total Fire Hazard Abatement Notice (FHAN). Furthermore, dynamic modern lifestyle coupled with increased usage of electrical equipment have resulted in the increased dependency on electricity. Developing countries mainly faces power outages owing to the lack of maintenance in the infrastructure. This scenario has mainly resulted in the demand for rechargeable emergency lighting.
Based on application, the emergency lighting market is segmented into residential, industrial, and others. Residential infrastructure such as student accommodation or any apartment buildings is mandatory to have emergency lighting fitted. This is the standard regulation which falls under the Regulatory Reform Fire Safety Order 2005 (UK). Emergency lighting in residential buildings is mainly adopted to provide light when the standard light fails. Increasing instances of power failure in several developing countries has increased the application of emergency lights. Increased regulations by local and international safety agencies have resulted in the adoption of emergency lights in commercial buildings. Products such as safety signs, exit routes, and standby lights are adopted in the commercial buildings such as hospitals, educational institutions, shopping malls, and office buildings. There is an increased preference for energy-efficient lighting solutions owing to the rise in commercial buildings. For instance, according to Philippine Statistics Authority, in 2015, Commercial building dominated all other types of non-residential constructions, accounting for 58.9% share of the total non-residential infrastructure construction in Philippines.
Geographically, the global emergency lighting market has been segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Latin America, the Middle East and Africa (LAMEA).
North America is expected to witness significant growth in emergency lighting market owing to higher consumer awareness about the benefits of using emergency lights in an emergency situation is mainly propelling the market growth. Favorable rules and regulations adopted by the government in outdoor lighting are also driving the growth of emergency light and exit sign market. For instance: In United States, the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) primarily regulates the fire safety of commercial and large residential buildings. Both exit signs and emergency lighting are made mandatory by the law in both private and public infrastructure across the nation.
Europe is one of the prominent regions in the global emergency lighting and exit sign market owing to its increased demand in the residential sector. According to the Confederation of Fire Protection Association Europe (CFPAE), lighting to be adopted in emergency lighting should have a luminous intensity of not less than 1 lux on floor surfaces. The growth of construction sector, especially in the countries such as Spain, UK, and Germany, is anticipated to present lucrative market opportunities in future.
The market growth in Asia-Pacific region is attributed to the increasing population, thereby propelling the demand for construction projects. According to World meters Statistics, in 2018, the population of Asia was about 4,545 million, which is about 60% of the total population. India and China are the most densely populated regions. for instance, according to the statistics by World Bank, the population of India in 2015 and 2016 was 1.309 billion and 1.324 billion. This growth in population coupled with rising purchasing power is primarily driving the growth of the construction sector.
Countries such as UAE and Saudi Arabia is mainly considered as a central hub for commercial, industrial, and residential developments coupled with high population density and economic activities. This scenario mainly presents lucrative opportunities for the emergency light market.
Some of the prominent players in emergency lighting market are
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