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Hydrogen Fueling Station Market

Hydrogen Fueling Station Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Station Type (Small, Medium, Large), By Vehicle Type (Passenger Cars, Commercial Vehicles), By Vehicle Technology (Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell, Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells, Others), By Delivery Methods (On-Site, Off-Site ) and By Region(North America, Europe, APAC, Middle East and Africa, LATAM) Forecasts, 2023-2031

Report Code: SREP55576DR
Study Period 2019-2031 CAGR 25.6%
Historical Period 2019-2021 Forecast Period 2023-2031
Base Year 2022 Base Year Market Size USD 640.1 Million
Forecast Year 2031 Forecast Year Market Size USD 4979.1 Million
Largest Market Asia-Pacific Fastest Growing Market Europe
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Market Overview

The global hydrogen fueling station market size was valued at USD 640.1 million in 2022 and is projected to reach a value of USD 4979.1 million by 2031, registering a CAGR of 25.6% during the forecast period (2023-2031). The government has adopted regulations and rules to promote the use of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and to fulfill the growing demand for zero-emission vehicles, which are the primary market drivers enhancing the hydrogen fueling station market growth.

A hydrogen fueling station is where hydrogen fuel is dispensed to fuel cell vehicles (FCVs). These stations are critical to developing and implementing hydrogen-powered mobility, specifically fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs).

The increasing demand for zero-emission vehicles, as well as government initiatives and laws targeted at boosting the adoption of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, are driving market expansion. As more governments establish targets to cut carbon emissions and improve air quality, interest in fuel cell vehicles as viable alternatives to gasoline and diesel vehicles is growing. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles produce just water and no harmful air pollution, making them an appealing option for consumers and regulators.

Market Dynamics

Global Hydrogen Fueling Station Market Drivers:

Growing Fleet of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs)

The rising availability and adoption of FCEVs is a major driving force behind the development of hydrogen fueling stations. FCEVs use hydrogen as a fuel to generate electricity in a fuel cell through a chemical reaction, emitting only water vapor and heat as byproducts. As more automakers launch FCEV models, the need for hydrogen fuelling infrastructure to serve the growing fleet grows. Major automakers have pledged to include fuel cell technology in their car lineups. FCEVs joining the market include Toyota's Mirai, Honda's Clarity, and Hyundai's Nexo. The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that the number of hydrogen fuel cell electric cars (FCEVs) on the world's roadways will increase by 40% in 2022 compared to 2021. This brings the total number of FCEVs sold to more than 72,000, indicating a growing consumer interest in hydrogen-powered vehicles.

Many governments provide incentives and subsidies to consumers and automakers to encourage the adoption of FCEVs, increasing demand for hydrogen fueling stations. In India, the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME) plan offers subsidies up to INR 2908 Cr. The electric car subsidy has been enhanced from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 15,000. Similarly, in the United States, the first 650 purchases of new passenger vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles powered by fuel cells are exempt from paying 50% of retail sales and state use tax. The rising fleet of FCEVs significantly impacts the hydrogen fueling station market trend. As more consumers opt for hydrogen-powered vehicles, a reliable and comprehensive network of fueling stations becomes critical.

Global Hydrogen Fueling Station Market Restraints:

High Initial Investment

Establishing hydrogen fueling stations necessitates a significant upfront investment in infrastructure, such as installing high-pressure dispensers, storage facilities, safety measures, and regulatory compliance. The entire investment might be in the USD 170 million range. Likely, A hydrogen fueling station costs an average of USD 1.9 million to build. A hydrogen station's typical capacity is 1,240 kg/day. These fees may put off potential investors and stakeholders. High initial infrastructure costs impact the financial sustainability of hydrogen fueling station projects, potentially slowing implementation and limiting hydrogen's accessibility as a fuel.

In California, where there has been a considerable push for hydrogen infrastructure, the state government has made significant investments in assisting with developing hydrogen fueling stations. Despite these investments, the costs continue to be considerable. According to the California Fuel Cell Partnership, the cost of constructing a hydrogen fueling station can range from USD 1.5 million to USD 2.5 million, depending on factors such as station capacity and location. Similarly, as part of its commitment to a sustainable transportation future, Europe has been actively working on building a network of hydrogen fueling stations. The hefty expenses, however, are visible in programs like Germany's "H2 Mobility" initiative.

Global Hydrogen Fueling Station Market Opportunity:

Supportive Government Policies

Government regulations and incentives encouraging clean mobility, lowering greenhouse gas emissions, and meeting climate targets create a good environment for the hydrogen fueling station business. Grants, subsidies, and tax credits encourage corporate and public investment in hydrogen infrastructure, allowing for the expansion of fuelling stations. The California Hydrogen Highway is a network of hydrogen vehicle recharging stations. The network has the most hydrogen vehicles and fueling stations in the world. Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger spearheaded the Hydrogen Highway initiative. California has set a goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2045. 

Furthermore, the European Union (EU) has defined a comprehensive hydrogen plan as part of its commitment to meeting climate targets. The European Commission has proposed that the European Clean Hydrogen Alliance deploy 40 gigatonnes of renewable hydrogen electrolyzers by 2030. Financial mechanisms like the Innovation Fund will support large-scale hydrogen projects, including constructing hydrogen refueling infrastructure.

Similarly, the Japanese government has set goals for installing hydrogen fueling stations, with 900 stations planned by 2030. Companies involved in the construction and operation of these stations receive financial assistance and subsidies.

Regional Analysis

Asia-Pacific Dominates the Global Market

The global hydrogen fueling station market analysis is conducted in North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and Latin America.

Asia-Pacific is the most significant global Hydrogen fuel station market shareholder and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 25.7% over the forecast period.The region's demand for hydrogen fueling stations has continuously increased due to several critical variables. Concerns about climate change and the need to minimize greenhouse gas emissions have heightened interest in cleaner energy options, such as hydrogen. As a result, governments, industry stakeholders, and consumers are becoming more interested in encouraging the development of a strong hydrogen infrastructure. China, Japan, and South Korea are among the major countries that have set ambitious hydrogen fuel cell car deployment goals and a favorable plan for developing HRS infrastructure. Japan is one of the fastest-growing countries in the world, thanks to a tremendous increase in the number of hydrogen fueling stations.

Europe is anticipated to exhibit a CAGR of 25.9% over the forecast period. According to hydrogen fueling stations market insights, there has been a significant increase in demand for hydrogen fueling stations in Europe, which several critical variables have driven. The continent's aggressive climate targets and the need to decarbonize key sectors, particularly transportation, have pushed governments, industry, and consumers toward cleaner energy options. As a versatile and zero-emission fuel, hydrogen has enormous potential to play a key role in this transformation.

Additionally, according to Hydrogen Fueling Station Market insights, The European Union's carbon reduction regulations, national renewable objectives, and decarbonization of bus fleets are some of the primary factors driving market expansion in the region. By 2030, the EU hopes to produce 10 million tonnes of renewable hydrogen and import 10 million tonnes. Furthermore, numerous regional organizations are investing heavily in increasing client use of hydrogen fuel. For example, OrangeGas, a Dutch fueling station provider, announced the opening of its first hydrogen fueling station in Amsterdam in March 2021. The hydrogen fueling station will provide green hydrogen and a dual-pressure design with 350 and 750 bar pressures for various cars.

North America benefits from tax breaks, the availability of small and large-scale businesses, technological breakthroughs, and committed research and development projects. Furthermore, due to favorable legislation, nations such as the United States and Canada have seen significant growth in HRS count by constructing new facilities. For example, the Australian Hydrogen Council (AHC) and the Canadian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association (CHFCA) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) in July 2020 to accelerate the deployment of zero-emission hydrogen and fuel cell technology in both nations.

Furthermore, the United States has established a goal of producing 50 million tons of pure hydrogen annually by 2050. The interim targets are ten million tons by 2030 and twenty million tonnes by 2040.

The Middle East and Africa hold a significant place. South Africa, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Brazil, and other countries in Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa, among others, have presented tangible plans to alter the hydrogen fuelling infrastructure. For example, in January 2021, Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC), ADQ, and Mubadala Investment Company announced a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to establish the Abu Dhabi Hydrogen Alliance, a renewable energy organization. With the assistance of national and global actors, this MOU intends to establish a green hydrogen economy in the UAE and specify a strategy to increase the country's adoption of H2 across many verticals.

Report Scope

Report Metric Details
By Station Type
  1. Small
  2. Medium
  3. Large
By Vehicle Type
  1. Passenger Cars
  2. Commercial Vehicles
By Vehicle Technology
  1. Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell
  2. Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells
  3. Others
By Delivery Methods
  1. On-Site
  2. Off-Site 
Company Profiles Air Liquide Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Linde plc Nel ASA McPhy Energy S.A. Ingersoll Rand Hydrogen Refueling Solutions PERIC Hydrogen Technologies Co. Ltd Chart Industries Iwatani Corporation Powertech Labs Inc. PDC Machines Sera GmbH Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies Atawey Galileo Technologies S.A. H2 MOBILITY NanoSUN Limited Nikola Corporation Humble Hydrogen
Geographies Covered
North America U.S. Canada
Europe U.K. Germany France Spain Italy Russia Nordic Benelux Rest of Europe
APAC China Korea Japan India Australia Singapore Taiwan South East Asia Rest of Asia-Pacific
Middle East and Africa UAE Turkey Saudi Arabia South Africa Egypt Nigeria Rest of MEA
LATAM Brazil Mexico Argentina Chile Colombia Rest of LATAM
Report Coverage Revenue Forecast, Competitive Landscape, Growth Factors, Environment & Regulatory Landscape and Trends
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Segmental Analysis

The global hydrogen fueling station market is segmented based on station type, vehicle type, vehicle technology, delivery method, and region.

The market is further segmented by Station type into Small, Medium, and Large.

Small stations account for the largest share of the market.

Small hydrogen fueling stations are infrastructure assets designed to meet lower daily fueling demands and are frequently deployed in areas with low traffic or early hydrogen adoption. They are appropriate for low-density areas or as part of trial programs. Smaller hydrogen production and storage capacity are major characteristics of tiny stations. It may also be used for specific applications like fleet vehicles or niche markets. However, it is best suited for places with modest initial hydrogen demand.

Medium-sized hydrogen fueling stations are intended to meet a modest daily fueling demand. They are frequently implemented in regions with a moderate number of fuel cell vehicles, such as cities or suburbs.

The market can be further bifurcated by vehicle type into Passenger Cars and Commercial Vehicles.

Passenger Cars are a significant contributor to the market.

Passenger cars are vehicles meant to transport people and small groups. These are typically personal automobiles used for commuting and recreational purposes daily. Hydrogen filling stations for passenger automobiles help to accelerate the development of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) for individual consumers, providing a clean and sustainable alternative to traditional internal combustion engine vehicles.

Commercial vehicles are used for many business and commercial activities under the purview of hydrogen fueling stations. Such vehicles include trucks, vans, buses, and other fleet vehicles. Hydrogen fuelling stations for commercial cars help to decarbonize the transportation sector on a bigger scale by providing a clean energy alternative for businesses and organizations that operate a fleet of vehicles.

Based on vehicle technology, the market is fragmented into Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells and Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells.

Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells influenced the market growth.

PEMFCs (Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells) are fuel cell technology employed in the automobile industry and other applications. A polymer electrolyte membrane in PEMFCs allows positively charged hydrogen ions (protons) to pass while inhibiting electrons. When protons and electrons are separated, electricity is produced, and when hydrogen is used as a fuel, the only byproducts are water and heat. PEMFCs are well-known for their fast start-up time, high power density, and efficiency, which makes them ideal for applications such as fuel cell cars.

Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells (PAFCs) are a form of fuel cell technology that operates at higher temperatures than PEMFCs. The electrolyte of PAFCs is phosphoric acid, and the reaction between hydrogen and oxygen generates energy. PAFCs are widely employed in stationary power production applications, including combined heat and power (CHP) systems for residential and commercial buildings. They are well-known for their dependability, longer operational life, and capacity to produce power and heat for various applications.

Based on delivery methods, the market is sub-segmented into On-Site and Off-Site.

On-Site holds the major market share.

On-site distribution entails producing and dispensing hydrogen at the same location where it is consumed. On-site hydrogen production can be accomplished using a variety of processes, including electrolysis and natural gas reforming. This delivery method is frequently chosen when there is a continuous and predictable demand for hydrogen at a given place, such as a filling station serving a fleet of automobiles or an industrial complex. On-site distribution eliminates the need for transportation and storage logistics by providing a dedicated and localized source of hydrogen.

The transportation of hydrogen from a central production plant to a fuelling station or end-user location is referred to as off-site distribution. Hydrogen is created at a remote facility using processes such as steam methane reforming or electrolysis and then transported to the appropriate location in compressed gas or liquid form. This method is appropriate when hydrogen needs are inconsistent or centralized production is more cost-effective. Off-site delivery offers greater flexibility in delivering hydrogen to different areas without needing on-site manufacturing facilities.

Market Size By Station Type

Market Size By Station Type
  • Small
  • Medium
  • Large
  • Recent Developments

    Top Key Players

    Hydrogen Fueling Station Market Share of Key Players

    Hydrogen Fueling Station Market Share of Key Players
    Air Liquide Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. Linde plc Nel ASA McPhy Energy S.A. Ingersoll Rand Hydrogen Refueling Solutions PERIC Hydrogen Technologies Co. Ltd Chart Industries Iwatani Corporation Powertech Labs Inc. PDC Machines Sera GmbH Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies Atawey Galileo Technologies S.A. H2 MOBILITY NanoSUN Limited Nikola Corporation Humble Hydrogen Others

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    How big is the Hydrogen Fueling Station Market?
    The global hydrogen fueling station market size was valued at USD 640.1 million in 2022 and is projected to reach a value of USD 4979.1 million by 2031, registering a CAGR of 25.6% during the forecast period (2023-2031).
    Asia Pacific dominates the Hydrogen Fueling Station Market.
    Factor like Growing Fleet of Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) drive market growth.
    The key players in the global market include Air Liquide , Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. , Linde plc , Nel ASA , McPhy Energy S.A. , Ingersoll Rand , Hydrogen Refueling Solutions , PERIC Hydrogen Technologies Co. Ltd , Chart Industries , Iwatani Corporation , Powertech Labs Inc. , PDC Machines , Sera GmbH , Hydrogenious LOHC Technologies , Atawey , Galileo Technologies S.A. , H2 MOBILITY , NanoSUN Limited , Nikola Corporation , Humble Hydrogen.
    The global market is segmented by station type, vehicle type, vehicle technology and delivery methods.

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