Wind turbine control systems are devices that enable better use of the turbine capacity by regulating the power and speed, along with mitigating the load in the system. The control systems play a crucial role in ensuring the safe and optimized operation of the wind turbine. As the wind turbine are getting larger and more complex, so are their controlling system.
The increasing pressure to drive down the cost of energy production through wind turbines has compelled the manufacturers to design, manufacture, and install control systems with larger rotors and higher megawatt ratings, which is further resulting in the advancement of the wind turbine control systems market. Control systems also help in altering the blade pitch maximizing wind capture, balancing performance, and increasing power production. In addition, these systems play a critical role in understanding the performance of the individual turbine by providing the diagnostics and troubleshooting statement through which the turbine owners and operators of the wind farms can quickly.
As the world is moving towards energy transition by reducing energy-related to CO2 emissions, it has started to move away from fossil fuels and adopt cleaner sources for energy generation in order to constrain climate change. This drift from traditional energy sources to renewable energy sources has boosted the demand for wind turbines as they are considered the most reliable way for clean energy generation.
The blade pitch control system that is located within the turbine hub is used to rotate the turbine blades in unison and control the generator speed by analyzing the feedback signal received from the generator. These systems are designed to operate 24/7 in the harshest environment and their failure, which is mainly caused by the circuit board failure, can force the wind turbine out of service.
Today, as efficient energy conservation and production have been the prior concern for the players engaged in the alternative energy sector and wind farms are not an exception. Owing to this, the players that are operating wind farms are putting greater demands on turbine control systems in order to safely and efficiently operate their wind turbines. This further guarantees them that the power generated from their wind farms has the right voltage and frequency, as in some countries these wind farms significantly contribute to electricity production. As per the American wind energy association, in 2019, wind energy became the largest source for renewable electricity production in the U.S., accounting for over 7 percent of the country’s electricity.
The onshore segment dominates the wind turbine control system market as the installation and maintenance of onshore wind farms are far cheaper in comparison to that of offshore wind farms. This factor solely has driven the growth of onshore wind turbine and their control solutions in recent years. However; the growing concerns regarding the loss of potential habitat, land conversion, and noise pollution hinder the segment growth.
On the other hand, the growing concerns regarding the undesirable environmental effects related to operating an onshore wind farm have compelled the governmental and environmental agencies to switch to offshore wind farms, resulting in the surging installation of wind turbines in the deep oceans. In addition, the advancement in floating wind energy technology is likely to hold a potential growth for the wind turbine control system market during the forecast period. For instance, in May 2020 MHI Vestas confirmed that its V164-8.4 MW turbine designed for wind float Atlantic floating windfarm off the coast of Portugal has started to export power.
Europe’swind turbine control system market is primarily driven by the rising temperature and changing climatic conditions that have compelled the government across the regional market to switch from traditional fuels for energy generation to renewable sources for energy generation. This trend of energy transition across the regional market has led to a rise in the number of wind turbines across the region.
Additionally, the seismic shift in the customer preference towards cleaner resources for energy generation is supporting the running trend in the market. Moreover, the region has one of the highest wind energy potentials across the growth, which is another factor that has supported the growth of these wind turbine control systems in recent years. According to the Spanish Wind Energy Association, Europe generates 15 percent of its electricity from wind energy, after the installation of 15.4 GW of new wind energy in 2019.
Asia-Pacific dominates the wind turbine control system market on account of the rapid development of new wind farms that have created the need for wind turbine control systems for efficient working. The increasing investment and infrastructural-related investment across the developing economies of the regional market are anticipated to pace up the market growth.
Country-wise, China dominated the Asia-Pacific wind turbine control systemin 2019, which can be primarily ascribed to the significant rising number of wind farms in the country. As per the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC), China remained the largest onshore wind energy market in the world, with a capacity of 21.3 GW, trailed by the U.S. with a capacity of 7.6 GW in 2018.
India is another economy that prominently contributes to regional market growth and is driven by various government policies that are focused on transforming the country's market towards sustainable energy. For instance, according to the Indian Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), the Government of India has released its roadmap to achieve 175 GW capacity in renewable energy by 2022, which includes 100 GW of solar power and 60 GW of wind power.
The North American market is likely to register significant growth during the forecast period. The key factor favoring the growth of the regional market is the rapid increase in the demand for primary energy, coupled with the shifting inclination towards energy generation from clean fuels. For this, the regional government is centered on the adoption of solar and wind energy due to their significant potential across the market. The countrywide market is led by the U.S. that has been witnessing a significant increase in its wind energy demand. As per the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA), U.S. wind power grew by 8 percent in 2018.