The global collagen market size was valued at USD 8,680 million in 2021. It is expected to grow at a CAGR of 9.2% to reach USD 19,167 million during the forecast period (2022–2030). Collagen is a tough, insoluble, fibrous protein that accounts for one-third of the body's protein. In most collagens, molecules are tightly packed to produce long, thin fibrils. These serve as supporting structures and cellular anchors. They provide the skin with resilience and elasticity. Collagens in the human body are resilient and elastic. Collagen can be reabsorbed. This indicates that the body can be degraded, converted, and reabsorbed. Additionally, it can be shaped into compacted solids and lattice-like gels.
Its diverse range of functions and natural occurrence render it clinically versatile and convenient for various medical applications. Collagen is industrially expunged from the bones, skin, cartilage, tendons, and tissues of Bovine, pigs, poultry, and marine animals. Collagen is prevalent in the bones, muscles, and blood, constituting three-quarters of the skin and one-third of the human body's protein.
The global collagen market is anticipated to be driven by expanding applications in the food and beverage, healthcare, and pharmaceutical industries. In addition, the market is expected to profit from the growing prevalence of collagen-based products due to their superior gelling, emulsifying, and binding properties in food products. Additionally, the market is likely to advance because consumers increasingly adopt the product.
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The food and beverage, biomedical materials and devices, cosmetics and wellness, and pharmaceutical industries, primarily in North America, Europe, and Asia-Pacific, have increased their demand for collagen and related products. In addition, the market has benefited from the increasing disposable income of consumers and the growing geriatric population, particularly in Asia-Pacific, which has led to an increase in consumption of collagen-based cosmetics and wellness products and collagen-based biomedical devices and materials.
As collagen is an essential protein for the human body and has multiple nutritional, skin, and health benefits, the food and beverage industry is a significant driver of gelatin and hydrolyzed collagen demand. The food and beverage industry can be subdivided into bakery products, nutritional supplements, and sports nutrition. Increasing concerns about health and fitness, shifting consumer preferences toward high-nutrition products, changing lifestyles, and approval of gelatin's use in food products are anticipated to propel the collagen market over the forecast period.
Over the forecast period, investments in research and development of sophisticated solutions for tissue engineering and cell proliferation and surgical needs such as dental, orthopedic, vascular, and neuro are anticipated to positively impact the demand for collagen and related products. The demand for collagen is expected to increase due to growing end-use applications, shifting consumer preferences and lifestyles, rising disposable income, and increasing health and personal care awareness, particularly in the developing economies of Asia-Pacific, such as China, India, and Malaysia.
The demand for cosmetics, skincare, and wellness products containing collagen has increased. The utilization of collagen in skincare and personal care products provides better anti-aging properties, contributing to the increasing popularity of such products, which is supposed to propel the consumption of collagen-based cosmetics over the forecast period.
Major companies in the industry, such as Connoils, Gelita, and Rousselot, are developing cosmetics, skincare, and personal care products with anti-aging, cell repair, and skin-enhancing properties. Businesses spend heavily on research and development to provide advanced collagen solutions and collagen-based products for medical devices and biomaterials. This is expected to drive collagen demand in the coming years.
The threat of disease transmission from animal-based raw materials, including pigskin, cattle hides, and fish scales, is anticipated to restrain the collagen market. Concerns regarding the risk of animal diseases transmitted to humans through collagen consumption threaten the market's expansion. The transfer of zoonotic diseases from cattle hides as raw materials for collagen extraction is expected to impede market expansion.
The incidence of zoonotic diseases in humans has increased. Common cattle diseases include Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), Hemorrhagic fevers, Anthrax, and Leptospirosis. BSE is one of the most transmissible neurodegenerative diseases in cattle, which can be transmitted directly or indirectly to humans and results in severe brain and organ damage.
In addition, the social and cultural beliefs associated with the consumption of animal-based products, particularly in countries like India, pose a challenge to the expansion of the collagen market. India has a potential demand for collagen-based products as an emerging economy due to changing lifestyles and a growing elderly population. The restriction on the killing of cattle and beef consumption in most Indian states is anticipated to impede the market's growth.
Collagen-based products are widely utilized in the healthcare industry. Due to the upsurge in demand for cosmetic surgeries and wound healing treatments, it is used for various decorative applications. The global market has been propelled by the rising purchasing power of consumers and the rising popularity of cosmetic skin procedures. The key market participants have a limited number of production capacities. Their product-manufacturing units are located close to the raw material source, resulting in low procurement costs. Furthermore, the companies are involved in distributing the product through vast distribution networks that span Europe and North America's foremost consumer economies.
Additionally, the product is gaining popularity as a bone void filler in the healthcare industry due to stimulating bone growth. Over the forecast period, the demand for collagen sponges to transport proteins in bone-repair treatments is anticipated to drive market expansion. Through global expansion and strategic alliances, most market leaders are focusing on reinforcing their market position in emerging and local markets, particularly in Asia-Pacific and the Middle East and Africa. The said factors are expected to create pristine opportunities for the global collagen market.
Due to the global spread of Coronavirus, the worldwide gross domestic product (GDP) decreased. To curb the spread of the virus, the government-imposed regulations that slowed the economy, halted production and demanded that market participants cease operations. Further, due to severe disruptions of supply chains, there was a shortage of raw materials, which harmed the profitability of both small-and large-scale collagen manufacturers. A considerable gap in the market demand and supply caused by a product supply shortage hindered the expansion of the collagen market.
As restrictions imposed by various nations' governments were gradually loosened, the collagen market moved slowly toward stability. Manufacturers devised strategies to recover from the losses once they could operate at total capacity—this restored production and demand in the collagen market.
Based on the source, the global collagen market share is divided into Bovine, Porcine, Poultry, Marine, and Others.
It is envisioned that bovines will have the most significant share in the collagen market, commanding around 39.4% of the total source market by 2030. One of the most popular means of collagen extraction is bovine. Collagen is found in the bones, cartilage, and hides of cattle. The collagen extracted from bones, furs, and cartilage varies in quality. Due to the widespread availability of livestock and the rise in beef production, bovine collagen is abundant. Collagen derived from bovines is used to alleviate osteoporosis and osteoarthritis symptoms. Aid digestion, heal the gut, increase muscle strength, strengthen nails, stimulate hair growth, and plump and hydrate the skin with bovine-derived supplements.
Due to an increased emphasis on personal health, fitness, and skincare, the market for bovine collagen and its products is envisioned to grow over the forecast period. Due to the abundance of cattle, bovine collagen accounts for a more significant proportion of the market and is less expensive than other sources. However, the inclusion of bovine collagen in several product formulations has raised concerns regarding the potential transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy to humans, which is anticipated to restrain demand for bovine collagen over the forecast period.
Based on the product, the global collagen market is segmented as Gelatine, Hydrolyzed Collagen, Native Collagen, and Others.
The gelatin collagen will hold around 68.2% of the total market share during the forecast period. Gelatin is utilized extensively in numerous end-use industries, including the food and beverage, healthcare, and pharmaceutical sectors. Fish is considered to be a significant source of gelatin. The fishing industries of India and China have experienced substantial growth due to the rising demand for fish products and the supportive government policies in these nations. Therefore, it is anticipated that the Asia-Pacific region will attract many manufacturers searching for dependable feedstock for gelatin production.
The existence of an established food and beverage industry in the United States has led to stable gelatin consumption in North America. The rapidly increasing consumption of food products such as pasta, salads, yogurts, ice creams, jams, and jellies can be attributed to the increasing demand for gelatin as a food stabilizer in all regions.
Based on the application, the global collagen market is segmented as Food and Beverages, Healthcare, Cosmetics, and Others.
The healthcare industry will command the largest share of around 47.8% during the forecast period. Several bones and joint disorders, such as osteoarthritis, gouty arthritis, and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, are treated with collagen. Arthritis is an inflammatory disease that causes joint inflammation, pain, stiffness, and function loss. Regular consumption of supplements containing collagen reduces inflammation and alleviates joint pain, thus reducing the impact of arthritis. In addition, collagen supplementation promotes cartilage growth by preventing cartilage deterioration, thereby enhancing joint function. In addition, it supports joint mobility and flexibility, resulting in healthier and stronger bones.
North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and the Middle East and Africa are the region-based segments.
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Europe will dominate the regional market by holding around 33.4% of the total market share during the forecast period. The European market for collagen is governed by stringent regulations established by the European Commission. The utilization of collagen of superior quality in the manufacturing of bone and tissue reconstruction patches is estimated to boost market growth over the forecast period. Using collagen-based products such as cosmetics, food products, beverages for rejuvenation, and pharmaceuticals drives regional demand.
Furthermore, the rising demand for purified collagen to manufacture collagen casings for meat is anticipated to drive market growth during the forecast period. In Europe, most collagen will come from bovine and porcine sources. The region is entitled to the presence of a large population of red meat eaters, which is strengthening the meat production industry. The presence of a significant meat processing sector and slaughterhouses in the region increases collagen production.
The North American region will hold the second-largest share with around 28.7% of the total market during the forecast period. The growth of various end-user industries, such as healthcare, cosmetics, and food and beverage, is anticipated to drive the North American collagen market. In addition, the growing preference for health drinks among consumers is expected to positively impact the regional market. The regional market is anticipated to profit from the robust healthcare industry and high public spending on healthcare, particularly in the United States.
Due to the introduction of specialty gums by confectionery product manufacturers such as Cadbury Adams and Wrigley, the North American market is anticipated to experience sustained growth throughout the forecast period. In addition, advances in bone reconstruction and grafting techniques are expected to drive demand, resulting in market expansion over the forecast period. In addition, an increase in demand for bovine collagen in dietary supplements is anticipated to propel the market over the forecast period.