Railways' market size grows from USD 26.0 billion in 2021 to USD 41.2 billion by 2026, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 9.8%. Information and technology have benefited humanity by altering how people, families, businesses, and governments operate by offering accurate and timely services. The current status of the network is insufficient to fulfill the overgrowing demand for rail travel, owing to the ever-increasing demand for rail travel. The need might be satisfied by developing optimal solutions that include new technology. Asset operations and railway infrastructure are critical to railway administration across the world. ICT has aided railway firms in offering effective asset and operation management solutions.
The largest rail developments of today are based on integration technologies, which refer to analog and digital components working together (computerized equipment, servers, and sensors interconnected by more and more open communication networks). Furthermore, due to increased government and private sector expenditure, there has been an increase in customer demand for fully functional digital communication and information transfer while traveling.
In the railways market, IT spending is expected to grow at a CAGR of 9.8% from 2019–2026. The market size was USD 254 billion in 2020.
Trends in IT Spending in Railways
During the projected period 2019–2026, IT expenditure in the railway industry is predicted to expand significantly. The Internet of Things, which means networked gadgets and the internet, is taking the rail sector forward. Onboard monitors that are smart gather and store critical data in real-time. It enables operators to assess and detect issues with delays and prevent maintenance. Commuter trains in Sweden, for example, rely on commuter prediction to smooth out operations, allowing them to evaluate data up to two hours ahead of time. It provides for interruption predictions and monitoring by the control center of any problems that cause a delay.
Railway engineering technologies are not only improving but also revolutionizing how we travel.
The hyperloop futuristic train concept offered by Elon Musk's SpaceX and Tesla is one of the most promising technologies in the offering. Due to renewable resources, the futuristic train will move at 1000 km/hr. The approach permits the hyperloop to pass via a low-pressure tube, supported by permanent magnets and levitates. However, such technological achievement is not possible without significant IT infrastructure expenditure.
Type-based Segmental Insights
The IT spending in the railroad sector is divided into three categories: service, software, and hardware. More electronics, automated train protection systems, autonomous train operations, driver and passenger information systems, and internet data services for passengers are part of the new train and railway development.
For illustration, the Rake Management System (RMS) and Terminal Management System (TMS) application software in the Freight Operations Information System (FOIS) keeps track of wagons/rakes by reporting rake information, crew assignment, load information, consignment details, train arrival, and departure, forecast, rake composition correction, placement, releases, and maintenance activities.
Application-based Segmental Insight
Train design, train inspection, track management, traffic management, and passenger management are the application segments for IT expenditure in the railway sector. The rail industry has the duty of handling the digital transformation in railways, affecting train infrastructure and fundamental activities. Nowadays, autonomous-driven trains, smart maintenance, and networked logistics are possibilities. For example, one of the inventions for locating trains in real-time and adjusting their speed is digital interlocking for rail traffic control. Decentralized technology control has aided in maintaining the vast rail network, regardless of its location. Therefore, the IT sector has increased traffic management and track management productivity.
North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa account for the largest spending in the railroad sector (LAMEA).
Get Your FREE Sample Copy of IT Spending in Railways
Large investments are required to fulfill the rising demand in North America. The U.S. Department of Transportation predicts that freight train demand might rise to 88% by 2035. Aside from that, the American Association of Railroads estimates that current infrastructure would require an investment of almost USD 148 billion to match the volumes of 2035. The estimate solely considers the extension of lines and facilities, not the upkeep of lines or stock.
The European railway system has reduced its environmental impact by regulating energy-related emissions and resources efficiently and effectively. One of the primary problems addressed to focus on environmentally friendly measures is frequent usage of hybrid propulsion systems to bring operating range and flexibility in energy storage while lowering reliance on diesel fuel.
The Asia-Pacific region is seeing significant expansion and urbanization, with India and Vietnam leading. According to the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), the Asia Pacific (APAC) area is home to 4.2 billion people, accounting for over 61 percent of the global population. As a result, there is a growing demand to improve transportation services. The Asia Pacific region is aggressively investing in railway development; railway projects in the works, totalling billions of dollars in investment and spending. Several nations are using new technology to make trains safer and more efficient.
For example, the Indian Railway started in January 2018 used cameras mounted on drones or aerial vehicles (UAVs) for various tasks, including track monitoring and maintenance. Japan has been a pioneer in rail development and bringing revolutionary technology to the Asia-Pacific region, and it continues to be a global leader.
In today's world, the population pressure is most visible in the cities of South America. Seventy percent of the population of South America now lives in cities. Growing urbanization has had an impact on public transportation. To ensure safety levels and dependability railway operators incorporate digital technology into planned projects.
The Central Bi-Oceanic Railway Corridor, for example, is a multibillion-dollar project intended at connecting the Atlantic and Pacific coastlines of Central America. The project has a length of 3,800 kilometers and is expected to cost USD ten billion. Technical advancements in current technologies such as internet of things (IoT) technology and IT systems, shift toward computer-based management, control, and communication systems, are driving this endeavor.
Some of the major players in IT spending in the railways market are Accenture (Ireland), Altran Technologies S.A. (France), ALTEN SA (France), IBM Corporation (U.S.), SAP SE (Germany), ABB Ltd (Switzerland), ALE International (France), ALSTOM Holdings (France), Ansaldo STS (Italy).
IT Spending in Railways Market Segmentation
Latin America, The Middle East and Africa (LAMEA)
Why Buy this Report?
Our analysis examines the market for IT expenditure in railways, concentrating on current industry changes in various areas and company growth plans. In addition, the following areas are explored in-depth in the study.
Definitive Market Data
The market concentration of the top five players
Analysis of IT spending in railways component market by regions, players, countries