Spunbond nonwovens refer to the porous flat sheets and textures like materials, which is produced by using liquid plastic, plastic films or, long filaments of around 15-35 micrometer diameter limited together by hot-press. This plastic or spun filaments are collected on a conveyor belt in the form of a web and then bonded to make spunbond nonwoven fabric. These are not the same when compared to other fibers, as they are not made by sewing or weaving; and they need no transformation of strands into yarn.
Spunbond nonwovens have excellent burst strengths, porosity, stability to heat and chemicals, tear strength, fibrous structure, planar isotropic properties, good fray, crease-resistance, high opacity, and tensile strength. It can often produce the required property balances needed to meet end-user requirements. Additionally, spunbond nonwovens have various end-uses, such as in hygiene, medical, wipes, surgical fabrics, leather-like-goods,furniture, and bedding, structural engineering, and geosynthetics. Furthermore, they are available in various eco-friendly options, including shopping bags, packing bags, carrier bags, gift bags, etc.
Therefore, the global spunbond nonwovens are expected to grow rapidly during the forecast period owing to the increasing demand from various end-use industries such as personal care & hygiene, medical, construction, etc. However, fluctuating raw material prices and the high cost of finished products are the factors that are restricting the growth of the market.
Spunbond nonwovens are majorly used to make various products in the personal care and medical industry, such as surgical gowns, aprons, drapes, face mask components, and wound dressings. These are also used in hygiene products, such as sanitary towels, sanitary napkins, tampons, baby diapers, and napkin liners, therefore a surge in demand for these products is propelling the growth of the spunbond nonwoven market.
Additionally, owing to the COVID-19 outbreak, there has been a surge in demand for nonwoven face masks and protective clothing to prevent the spreading of the virus, which has increased demand for spunbond nonwoven fabrics across the world, at an exponential rate. Furthermore, a growing population and diseases have resulted in the construction of new medical facilities and products, thus increasing the demand for spunbond nonwovens globally.
The increase in industrialization has led to a significant rise in the number of manufacturing plants, machinery, and growth of various end-use industries in developing and developed countries, which is anticipated to propel the demand for spunbond nonwovens during the forecast period. The increasing demand for nonwoven fabrics in the geotextile, medical, packaging, electronics, hygiene, and construction industries for greenhouse shading, artificial turf, pavement overlays, fuel cells, sterile packaging, swabs, cable wrap, roadway reinforcements, battery separators, drapes, drainage, and erosion control applications is augmenting the growth of the market.
The geotextiles, which use nonwoven fabric are flexible and textile-like polymer fabrics of controlled permeability, as a result, they are widely used in the construction of roads and for land reclamation. Additionally, these are used for making reusable bags as they are lightweight, sturdy, and cut down on the number of plastic bags. Therefore, the growing usage of spunbond nonwovens in these industries will boost the market growth.
Fluctuation in the prices of crude oil over the last few years have directly impacted the spunbond nonwoven market and prices of crude oil derivatives like polypropylene, polyester, and polyethylene. These fluctuations in the prices of the raw materials also affect the operating margins of manufacturers, making it difficult for them to sustain in the market and retain their positions.
Based on geography, the spunbond nonwoven market is categorized into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Central and South America and the Caribbean, the Middle East, and Africa. The Asia Pacific is anticipated to hold the largest market share in the global spunbond nonwoven market during the forecast period.
The increasing disposable income has resulted in the increasing demand from various end-use industries, such as personal care, medical, automotive, etc. for products like disposable diapers, feminine hygiene items, facemasks, etc. is impelling the growth of the spunbond nonwoven market in the region. Furthermore, manufacturers shifting their focus in the region because of the availability of cheap labor, low manufacturing costs, growing population resulting in an increased demand is also expected to boost the demand for spunbond nonwovens in the Asia-Pacific.
The robust growth of industries such as automotive, construction, textiles, and others is also positively impacting the growth of the market. As per the statistics shared by the India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), the production of India's domestic automobiles increased at 2.36% CAGR between 2016 and 2020, with 26.36 million vehicles being manufactured in the country in 2020. Additionally, the automobile export reached 4.77 million vehicles in 2020, growing at a CAGR of 6.94% from 2016 to 2020. Moreover, the Indian textiles industry is expected to reach 250 USD billion in the coming years and contributed around 15% to the export earnings of India, which is projected to rise further.
Europe is anticipated to be the second-largest region in the global spunbond nonwoven market due to the growing automotive industry as these are used for automotive applications, which include air filters. Europe is considered one of the world’s biggest automotive producers and is home to several top automotive brands. Additionally, implementation of various favorable European Union commission policies for the regional automotive sector, such as “GEAR 2030”, or “European Battery Alliance“ aiming to set an internal market, environmental protection and safety, stable level playing field, and strengthen competition is expected to propel the growth of the automotive industry in the region.
Moreover, the region also has several industrialized countries such as Germany, France, and the U.K., where there is a strong demand for spunbond nonwovens from various major end-use industries. and others due to increasing consumer disposable income, flourishing e-commerce, along with, increasing uptake of corrugated packaging, which is positively impacting the growth of the spunbond nonwoven market in the region.
The global spunbond nonwoven market is highly fragmented and consists of a significant number of both global and regional players. These players have been adopting strategies such as new product launches, expansions, agreements, joint ventures, partnerships, mergers and acquisitions, collaborations, etc. to increase their footprints in this market. They are trying to increase their sales through these strategies and expand their capacities to facilitate the respective markets. For instance, In July 2018, Fitesa acquired 51 % of the spunbond nonwoven manufacturer CNC International.